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Department of Meteorology – University of Reading

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Dr. Alex Baker

Research Scientist (NCAS)


Research Scientist in the High Resolution Climate Modelling (HRCM) research group, a long-standing collaboration between NCAS-Climate at the University of Reading and the Met Office Hadley Centre. Additionally, I am the administrator for HRCM's website and also sit on the Department of Meteorology's Research-funded Staff Forum as the representative for house, health and safety matters.

Research Interests:

  • Precipitation extremes and climate change
  • Extratropical cyclones and resolution sensitivity
  • Global high-resolution climate model evaluation
  • European climate and decadal variability
  • Palaeoclimate and water isotopes
  • East Asian monsoon climate

Research Projects:

  • PRIMAVERA: PRocess-based climate sIMulation: AdVances in high-resolution modelling and European climate Risk Assessment. PRIMAVERA is a European Union Horizon2020 project which aims "to develop a new generation of advanced and well-evaluated high-resolution global climate models, capable of simulating and predicting regional climate with unprecedented fidelity, for the benefit of governments, business and society in general." Within PRIMAVERA, I study the representation of European extreme precipitation in a new generation of high-resolution global climate models, both atmosphere-only and coupled, such as HadGEM3. I am particularly interested in how precipitation extremes are driven by mid-latitude phenomena, such as extratropical cyclones, and how extremes are associated with modes of large-scale atmospheric variability, such as the North Atlantic Oscillation, and ocean-atmosphere variability, such as the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation. (Supervisors: Reinhard Schiemann and Pier Luigi Vidale.)
  • Collaboration with the hydrocarbon industry to improve assessments of tropical-cyclone risk to offshore infrastructure.


  • Elliott Sainsbury Ph.D. 2019-2022 The role of post-tropical cyclones for European extreme weather

My research online:

Centaur Publications

Jump to: 2023 | 2022 | 2021 | 2020 | 2019 | 2015 | 2014
Number of items: 16.


Huang, H. ORCID:, Collins, W. D. ORCID:, Patricola, C. M. ORCID:, Ruprich‐Robert, Y. ORCID:, Ullrich, P. A. ORCID: and Baker, A. J. ORCID: (2023) Contrasting responses of Atlantic and Pacific tropical cyclone activity to Atlantic Multidecadal Variability. Geophysical Research Letters, 50 (10). e2023GL102959. ISSN 1944-8007 doi:


Sainsbury, E. M. ORCID:, Schiemann, R. K. H. ORCID:, Hodges, K. I., Baker, A. J. ORCID:, Shaffrey, L. C. ORCID:, Bhatia, K. T. and Bourdin, S. ORCID: (2022) Can low-resolution CMIP6 ScenarioMIP models provide insight into future European post-tropical-cyclone risk? Weather and Climate Dynamics, 3 (4). pp. 1359-1379. ISSN 2698-4016 doi:

Athanasiadis, P. J., Ogawa, F., Omrani, N.-E., Keenlyside, N., Schiemann, R. ORCID:, Baker, A. J. ORCID:, Vidale, P. L. ORCID:, Bellucci, A., Ruggieri, P., Haarsma, R., Roberts, M., Roberts, C., Novak, L. and Gualdi, S. (2022) Mitigating climate biases in the mid-latitude North Atlantic by increasing model resolution: SST gradients and their relation to blocking and the jet. Journal of Climate, 35 (21). pp. 3379-3400. ISSN 1520-0442 doi:

Sainsbury, E. M., Schiemann, R. K. H. ORCID:, Hodges, K. I., Baker, A. J. ORCID:, Shaffrey, L. C. ORCID: and Bhatia, K. T. (2022) Why do some post-tropical cyclones impact europe? Monthly Weather Review, 150 (10). pp. 2553-2571. ISSN 1520-0493 doi:

Baker, A. J. ORCID:, Roberts, M. J., Vidale, P. L. ORCID:, Hodges, K. I., Seddon, J., Vanniere, B. ORCID:, Haarsma, R. J., Schiemann, R. ORCID:, Kapetanakis, D., Tourigny, E., Lohmann, K., Roberts, C. D. and Terray, L. (2022) Extratropical transition of tropical cyclones in a multiresolution ensemble of atmosphere-only and fully coupled global climate models. Journal of Climate, 35 (16). pp. 5283-5306. ISSN 1520-0442 doi:

Baker, A. J. ORCID: (2022) Tropical cyclones: global decline in frequency. Nature Climate Change, 12. pp. 615-617. ISSN 1758-6798 doi:

Sainsbury, E. M., Schiemann, R. K. H. ORCID:, Hodges, K. I., Baker, A. J. ORCID:, Shaffrey, L. C. ORCID: and Bhatia, K. T. (2022) What governs the interannual variability of recurving North Atlantic tropical cyclones? Journal of Climate, 35 (12). pp. 3627-3641. ISSN 1520-0442 doi:


Baker, A. J. ORCID:, Hodges, K. I., Schiemann, R. K. H. ORCID: and Vidale, P. L. ORCID: (2021) Historical variability and lifecycles of North Atlantic midlatitude cyclones originating in the tropics. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 126 (9). e2020JD033924. ISSN 2169-8996 doi:

Baldini, J. U.L., Lechleitner, F. A., Breitenbach, S. F.M., van Hunen, J., Baldini, L. M., Wynn, P. M., Jamieson, R. A., Ridley, H. E., Baker, A. H. ORCID:, Walczak, I. W. and Fohlmeister, J. (2021) Detecting and quantifying palaeoseasonality in stalagmites using geochemical and modelling approaches. Quaternary Science Reviews, 254. 106784. ISSN 0277-3791 doi:


Sainsbury, E. M., Schiemann, R. K. H. ORCID:, Hodges, K. I., Shaffrey, L. C. ORCID:, Baker, A. J. ORCID: and Bhatia, K. T. (2020) How important are post-tropical cyclones for European windstorm risk? Geophysical Research Letters, 47 (18). e2020GL089853. ISSN 0094-8276 doi:

Bador, M., Boé, J., Terray, L., Alexander, L. V., Baker, A. ORCID:, Bellucci, A., Haarsma, R., Koenigk, T., Moine, M.-P., Lohmann, K., Putrasahan, D. A., Roberts, C., Roberts, M., Scoccimarro, E., Schiemann, R. ORCID:, Seddon, J., Senan, R., Valcke, S. and Vanniere, B. ORCID: (2020) Impact of higher spatial atmospheric resolution on precipitation extremes over land in global climate models. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 125 (3). ISSN 2169-8996 doi:

Fabiano, F., Christensen, H. M., Strommen, K., Athanasiadis, P., Baker, A. ORCID:, Schiemann, R. ORCID: and Corti, S. (2020) Euro-Atlantic weather regimes in the PRIMAVERA coupled climate simulations: impact of resolution and mean state biases on model performance. Climate Dynamics, 54 (11-12). pp. 5031-5048. ISSN 0930-7575 doi:


Roberts, M. J., Baker, A. ORCID:, Blockley, E. W., Calvert, D., Coward, A., Hewitt, H. T., Jackson, L. C., Kuhlbrodt, T. ORCID:, Mathiot, P., Roberts, C. D., Schiemann, R. ORCID:, Seddon, J., Vanniere, B. ORCID: and Vidale, P. L. ORCID: (2019) Description of the resolution hierarchy of the global coupled HadGEM3-GC3.1 model as used in CMIP6 HighResMIP experiments. Geoscientific Model Development, 12 (12). pp. 4999-5028. ISSN 1991-9603 doi:

Baker, A. J. ORCID:, Schiemann, R. ORCID:, Hodges, K. I., Demory, M.-E., Mizielinski, M. S., Roberts, M. J., Shaffrey, L. C. ORCID:, Strachan, J. and Vidale, P. L. ORCID: (2019) Enhanced climate change response of wintertime North Atlantic circulation, cyclonic activity and precipitation in a 25 km-resolution global atmospheric model. Journal of Climate, 32 (22). pp. 7763-7781. ISSN 1520-0442 doi:


Baker, A. J. ORCID:, Sodemann, H., Baldini, J. U. L., Breitenbach, S. F. M., Johnson, K. R., van Hunen, J. and Zhang, P. (2015) Seasonality of westerly moisture transport in the East Asian summer monsoon and its implications for interpreting precipitation δ18O. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 120 (12). pp. 5850-5862. ISSN 2169-8996 doi:


Baker, A. J. ORCID:, Mattey, D. P. and Baldini, J. U. L. (2014) Reconstructing modern stalagmite growth from cave monitoring, local meteorology, and experimental measurements of dripwater films. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 392. pp. 239-249. ISSN 0012-821X doi:

This list was generated on Wed Jun 19 11:07:07 2024 UTC.

Last update: 31st August 2023



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