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Department of Meteorology – University of Reading

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Dr. Christopher Holloway

Associate Professor in Convection


MMet Coordinator (Undergraduate exchange programme with Oklahoma University)

Research Interests:

  • Interaction between convection and the large-scale environment
  • Tropical weather and climate (including the MJO, tropical cyclones, organised convection)

Research Projects:

  • Reading PI on FORSEA, a WCSSP SE Asia project that seeks to evaluate high-resolution forecasts of high-impact weather in Southeast Asia.
  • Reading PI on CIRCULATES, a NERC project that seeks to understand the effects of large-scale circulation and scale interactions on climate sensitivity due to cloud feedbacks.
  • Co-I on the Reading component of Phase 2 of the NERC-Met Office ParaCon project, which seeks a major advance in convective parameterisations in weather and climate models. This project is exploring high-resolution atmospheric simulations to provide constraints and testing for novel ideas of paraterising convection at modern climate-model grid resolutions.
  • Co-I on CASPER, a WCSSP India project that explores the potential benefits of ocean-coupled convection permitting simulations of tropical cyclones affecting India.
  • Work following on from my previous NERC Fellowship project seeks to identify the processes that lead to convective self-aggregation (spontaneous clustering) in idealized high-resolution model simulations and to explore the extent to which they are important for convective organization in the real world.
  • Ongoing work analysing high-resolution simulations over large tropical domains following on from the now-finished NERC-funded Cascade project.

Postdoctoral & graduate student supervision

  • Peter Hill is a PDRA on the CIRCULATES project investigating the interaction between large-scale circulation and convective processes and how this effects climate sensitivity due to feedbacks.
  • Samantha Ferrett is a PDRA on the FORSEA project investigating the skill of convection permitting ensemble forecasting systems in predicting high-impact weather in Southeast Asia, co-supervised with Professor John Methven, Dr Tom Frame, Professor Steve Woolnough and others.
  • Jian-Feng Gu is a PDRA on the ParaCon project investigating novel approaches to convective parameterization, co-supervised with Professor Bob Plant.
  • William McIntyre is pursuing a PhD on numerical methods for novel convective parameterisation approaches, co-supervised with Dr Hilary Weller.
  • Bethan Harris is pursuing a PhD on Available Potential Energy formulations and their applications for tropical cyclones, co-supervised with Dr Remi Tailleux and Professor Pier Luigi Vidale.
  • Godwin Ayesiga is pursuing a PhD on the interaction of convective activity in the Congo Basin with convective activity in eastern Africa, co-supervised with Dr Charlie Williams.
  • Kieran Pope is pursuing a PhD investigating interactions between radiation and convective organisation, co-supervised with Dr Thorwald Stein, Dr Todd Jones and Dr Michael Whitall (Met Office).
  • Bernard (BA) Racoma is pursuing a PhD on interactions between tropical tyclones in the northwestern Pacific Ocean basin and the Sierra Madre Mountain Range in Luzon, Philippines, co-supervised with Dr Nick Klingaman and Dr Reinhard Schiemann.
  • Shammi Akhter is pursuing a PhD on factors influencing the genesis and intensity of tropical cyclones in the Bay of Bengal, co-supervised with Dr Nick Klingaman and Dr Kevin Hodges.

Other interests

  • Associate Editor, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences
  • Associate Editor, Atmospheric Science Letters

Centaur Publications

Jump to: 2021 | 2020 | 2018 | 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009
Number of items: 33.


Ferrett, S. ORCID:, Frame, T. H. A., Methven, J., Holloway, C. E. ORCID:, Webster, S., Stein, T. H.M. ORCID: and Cafaro, C. ORCID: (2021) Evaluating convection-permitting ensemble forecasts of precipitation over Southeast Asia. Weather and Forecasting. ISSN 0882-8156 doi: (In Press)

Yang, G.-Y. ORCID:, Ferrett, S., Woolnough, S., Methven, J. and Holloway, C. ORCID: (2021) Real-time identification of equatorial waves and evaluation of waves in global forecasts. Weather and Forecasting, 36 (1). pp. 171-193. ISSN 0882-8156 doi:

Klingaman, N. P. ORCID:, Young, M., Chevuturi, A. ORCID:, Guimaraes, B., Guo, L., Woolnough, S., Coelho, C. A. S., Kubota, P. Y. and Holloway, C. E. ORCID: (2021) Subseasonal prediction performance for austral summer South American rainfall. Weather and Forecasting, 36 (1). pp. 147-169. ISSN 0882-8156 doi:

Ayesiga, G., Holloway, C. E., Williams, C. J., Yang, G.-Y. and Ferrett, S. (2021) The observed synoptic scale precipitation relationship between Western Equatorial Africa and Eastern Equatorial Africa. International Journal of Climatology, 41 (S1). pp. 582-601. ISSN 0899-8418 doi:


Talib, J., Woolnough, S., Klingaman, N. ORCID: and Holloway, C. ORCID: (2020) The effect of atmosphere-ocean coupling on the sensitivity of the ITCZ to convective mixing. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 12 (12). e2020MS002322. ISSN 1942-2466 doi:

Gu, J.-F. ORCID:, Plant, R. S. ORCID:, Holloway, C. E. ORCID: and Muetzelfeldt, M. R. (2020) Pressure drag for shallow cumulus clouds: from thermals to the cloud ensemble. Geophysical Research Letters, 47 (22). e2020GL090460. ISSN 0094-8276 doi:

Masunaga, H., Holloway, C. E. ORCID:, Kanamori, H., Bony, S. and Stein, T. H. M. (2020) Transient aggregation of convection: observed behavior and underlying processes. Journal of Climate. ISSN 1520-0442 doi:

Monerie, P.-A., Chevuturi, A. ORCID:, Cook, P., Klingaman, N. P. ORCID: and Holloway, C. E. ORCID: (2020) Role of atmospheric horizontal resolution in simulating tropical and subtropical South American precipitation in HadGEM3-GC31. Geoscientific Model Development, 13 (10). pp. 4749-4771. ISSN 1991-9603 doi:

Mohd Nor, M. F. F., Holloway, C. E. and Inness, P. M. (2020) The role of local orography on the development of a severe rainfall event over western Peninsular Malaysia: a case study. Monthly Weather Review, 148 (5). pp. 2191-2209. ISSN 1520-0493 doi:

McIntyre, W. A., Weller, H. and Holloway, C. E. (2020) Numerical methods for entrainment and detrainment in the multi-fluid Euler equations for convection. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 146 (728). pp. 1106-1120. ISSN 1477-870X doi:

Ferrett, S., Yang, G.-Y., Woolnough, S. J., Methven, J., Hodges, K. and Holloway, C. E. (2020) Linking extreme precipitation in Southeast Asia to equatorial waves. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 146 (727). pp. 665-684. ISSN 1477-870X doi:

Gu, J.-F., Plant, R. S., Holloway, C. E., Jones, T. R., Stirling, A., Clark, P. A., Woolnough, S. J. and Webb, T. L. (2020) Evaluation of the bulk mass flux formulation using large eddy simulations. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 77 (6). pp. 2115-2137. ISSN 1520-0469 doi:

Good, P., Chadwick, R., Holloway, C. E. ORCID:, Kennedy, J., Lowe, J. A., Roehrig, R. and Rushley, S. S. (2020) High sensitivity of tropical precipitation to local sea-surface temperature. Nature, 589 (7842). pp. 408-414. ISSN 0028-0836 doi:


Johnston, M. C., Holloway, C. E. and Plant, R. S. (2018) Cloud trails past Bermuda: a five-year climatology from 2012-2016. Monthly Weather Review. pp. 4039-4055. ISSN 0027-0644 doi:

Talib, J., Woolnough, S. J., Klingaman, N. P. and Holloway, C. E. (2018) The role of the cloud radiative effect in the sensitivity of the Intertropical Convergence Zone to convective mixing. Journal of Climate, 31 (17). pp. 6821-6838. ISSN 1520-0442 doi:

Christensen, H. M., Dawson, A. and Holloway, C. E. (2018) Forcing single-column models using high-resolution model simulations. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 10 (8). pp. 1833-1857. ISSN 1942-2466 doi:

Toh, Y. Y., Turner, A. G., Johnson, S. J. and Holloway, C. E. (2018) Maritime continent seasonal climate biases in AMIP experiments of the CMIP5 multimodel ensemble. Climate Dynamics, 50 (3-4). pp. 777-800. ISSN 0930-7575 doi:


Wing, A. A., Emanuel, K., Holloway, C. E. and Muller, C. (2017) Convective self-aggregation in numerical simulations: a review. Surveys in Geophysics, 38 (6). pp. 1173-1197. ISSN 1573-0956 doi:

Holloway, C. E., Wing, A. A., Bony, S., Muller, C., Masunaga, H., L'Ecuyer, T. S., Turner, D. D. and Zuidema, P. (2017) Observing convective aggregation. Surveys in Geophysics, 38 (6). pp. 1199-1236. ISSN 1573-0956 doi:

Stein, T. H. M., Holloway, C. E., Tobin, I. and Bony, S. (2017) Observed relationships between cloud vertical structure and convective aggregation over tropical ocean. Journal of Climate, 30 (6). pp. 2187-2207. ISSN 1520-0442 doi:

Holloway, C. E. (2017) Convective aggregation in realistic convective-scale simulations. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 9 (2). pp. 1450-1472. ISSN 1942-2466 doi:


Holloway, C. E. and Woolnough, S. J. (2016) The sensitivity of convective aggregation to diabatic processes in idealized radiative-convective equilibrium simulations. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 8 (1). pp. 166-195. ISSN 1942-2466 doi:


Holloway, C. E., Woolnough, S. J. and Lister, G. M. S. (2015) The effects of explicit versus parameterized convection on the MJO in a large-domain high-resolution tropical case study. Part II: Processes leading to differences in MJO development. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 72 (7). pp. 2719-2743. ISSN 1520-0469 doi:

Stein, T. H. M., Parker, D. J., Hogan, R. J., Birch, C., Holloway, C. E., Lister, G., Marsham, J. H. and Woolnough, S. J. (2015) The representation of the West-African Monsoon vertical cloud structure in the Met Office Unified Model: an evaluation with CloudSat. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society. ISSN 1477-870X doi:


Holloway, C. E., Petch, J. C., Beare, R. J., Bechtold, P., Craig, G. C., Derbyshire, S. H., Donner, L. J., Field, P. R., Gray, S. L., Marsham, J. H., Parker, D. J., Plant, R. S., Roberts, N. M., Schultz, D. M., Stirling, A. J. and Woolnough, S. J. (2014) Understanding and representing atmospheric convection across scales: recommendations from the meeting held at Dartington Hall, Devon, UK, 28–30 January 2013. Atmospheric Science Letters, 15 (4). pp. 348-353. ISSN 1530-261X doi:


Tobin, I., Bony, S., Holloway, C. E., Grandpeix, J.-Y., Seze, G., Coppin, D., Woolnough, S. J. and Roca, R. (2013) Does convective aggregation need to be represented in cumulus parameterizations? Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 5 (4). pp. 692-703. ISSN 1942-2466 doi:

Holloway, C. E., Woolnough, S. J. and Lister, G. M. S. (2013) The effects of explicit versus parameterized convection on the MJO in a large-domain high-resolution tropical case study. Part I: Characterization of large-scale organization and propagation. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 70 (5). pp. 1342-1369. ISSN 1520-0469 doi:


Holloway, C.E., Woolnough, S.J. and Lister, G.M.S. (2012) Precipitation distributions for explicit versus parameterized convection in a large-domain high-resolution tropical case study. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 138. pp. 1692-1708. ISSN 1477-870X doi:


Lintner, B. R., Holloway, C. E. and Neelin, J. D. (2011) Column water vapor statistics and their relationship to deep convection, vertical and horizontal circulation, and moisture structure at Nauru. Journal of Climate, 24 (20). pp. 5454-5466. ISSN 0894-8755 doi:


Peters, O., Deluca, A., Corral, A., Neelin, J. D. and Holloway, C. E. (2010) Universality of rain event size distributions. Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment, 2010 (11). P11030. ISSN 1742-5468 doi:

Pearson, K. J., Hogan, R. J., Allan, R. P., Lister, G. M. S. and Holloway, C.E. (2010) Evaluation of the model representation of the evolution of convective systems using satellite observations of outgoing longwave radiation. Journal of Geophysical Research, 115. A20206. ISSN 0148-0227 doi:

Holloway, C. E. and Neelin, J. D. (2010) Temporal relations of column water vapor and tropical precipitation. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 67 (4). pp. 1091-1105. ISSN 1520-0469 doi:


Holloway, C. and Neelin, J. D. (2009) Moisture vertical structure, column water vapor, and tropical deep convection. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 66 (6). pp. 1665-1683. ISSN 1520-0469 doi:

This list was generated on Thu Apr 15 17:01:10 2021 UTC.

Last update: 30th January 2019



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