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Department of Meteorology – University of Reading

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Dr. Linda Hirons

Research Scientist NCAS

Web Pages:

My Research:

Research Interests:

  • Drivers of climate variability and change in Africa
  • Sub-seasonal to seasonal predictability
  • Tropical convection, e.g., the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO), monsoon systems
  • Co-production of weather and climate services for society

Current Research Projects:

  • GCRF African Science for Weather Information and Forecasting Techniques (SWIFT) (2017-present): Develop sustainable African weather forecasting capability, to enhance the livelihood of African populations and improve the economies of their countries. Co-lead of Sub-seasonal to seasonal (S2S) workpackage.

Past Research Projects:

  • IMPALA: Improving Model Processes for African cLimAte (2015-2018): Understanding the major modes of global climate variabilty and the teleconnection pathways by which they drive African rainfall variability.
  • Future Weather (2012-2016) : Examining how air-sea interactions affect sub-seasonal variability and the projections of changes in regional weather and climate extremes.
  • Climate Science Services Partnership (CSSP)- China project (2014-2015) : Understanding drivers of sub-seasonal variability in the East Asian Summer Monsoon.
  • Bay of Bengal Boundary Layer Experiment (BoBBLE) (2015) : Understanding the process which control sub-seasonal monsoon variability in the Asian Summer monsoon.

Other interests

  • I was recently commissioned by DfID (Department for International Development) to produce a series of reports on the impact of the 2015/16 El Niño and potential 2016/17 La Niña events on low- and middle-income countries across regions of Africa, Asia and the Middle East.
  • I was part of the team who developed the ocean mixed-layer coupled configuration of the Met Office Unified Model MetUM-GOML
  • I spent time in 2011-2012 as a visiting scientist in the Meteorolgy and Climate Science department at the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST) in Kumasi, Ghana.

Centaur Publications

Jump to: 2023 | 2022 | 2021 | 2019 | 2018 | 2016 | 2015 | 2013 | 2012
Number of items: 29.


Hirons, L. ORCID:, Wainwright, C. M., Nying'uro, P., Quaye, D., Ashong, J., Kiptum, C., Opoku, N. K., Thompson, E. M. and Lamptey, B. (2023) Experiences of co-producing sub-seasonal forecast products for agricultural application in Kenya and Ghana. Weather, 78 (5). pp. 148-153. ISSN 1477-8696 doi:


Dione, C., Talib, J., Bwaka, A. M., Kamga, A. F., Bita Fouda, A. A., Hirons, L. ORCID:, Latt, A., Thompson, E., Lingani, C., Indasi, V., Adefisan, E. A. and Woolnough, S. J. ORCID: (2022) Improved sub-seasonal forecasts to support preparedness action for meningitis outbreak in Africa. Climate Services, 28. 100326. ISSN 2405-8807 doi:

Maybee, B., Ward, N., Hirons, L. ORCID: and Marsham, J. (2022) Importance of Madden–Julian Oscillation phase to the interannual variability of East African rainfall. Atmospheric Science Letters. ISSN 1530-261X (In Press)

Gudoshava, M., Wainwright, C. ORCID:, Hirons, L. ORCID:, Endris, H. S., Segele, Z. T., Woolnough, S. ORCID:, Atheru, Z. and Artan, G. (2022) Atmospheric and oceanic conditions associated with early and late onset for eastern Africa short rains. International Journal of Climatology, 42 (12). pp. 6562-6578. ISSN 0899-8418 doi:

Gudoshava, M., Wanzala, M., Thompson, E., Mwesigwa, J., Endris, H. S., Segele, Z., Hirons, L. ORCID:, Kipkogei, O., Mumbua, C., Njoka, W., Baraibar, M., de Andrade, F., Woolnough, S. ORCID:, Atheru, Z. and Artan, G. (2022) Application of real time S2S forecasts over Eastern Africa in the co-production of climate services. Climate Services, 27. 100319. ISSN 2405-8807 doi:

Visman, E., Hirons, L. ORCID:, Todd, M., Mwangi, E., Dione, C., Gudoshava, M., Otieno, G., Ahiataku, M., Quaye, D., Lawal, K., Talib, J., Fletcher, J., Diop, A., Diedhiou, T., Ndiaye, D., Oloniyan, E., Nying'uro, P., Kiptum, C., Kilavi, M., Adefisan, E., Indasi, V., Waruru, S., Taylor, A. and Woolnough, S. ORCID:, (2022) Institutionalising co-production of weather and climate services: Learning from the African SWIFT and ForPAc projects. GCRF African SWIFT Policy Briefs. Report. University of Leeds

Dyer, E., Hirons, L. ORCID: and Teferi Taye, M. (2022) July-September rainfall in the Greater Horn of Africa: the combined influence of the Mascarene and South Atlantic highs. Climate Dynamics. ISSN 0930-7575 doi:

Parker, D. J., Blyth, A. M., Woolnough, S. J. ORCID:, Dougill, A. J., Bain, C. L., de Coning, E., Diop-Kane, M., Foamouhoue, A. K., Lamptey, B., Ndiaye, O., Ruti, P., Adefisan, E. A., Amekudzi, L. K., Antwi-Agyei, P., Birch, C. E., Cafaro, C. ORCID:, Carr, H., Chanzu, B., Clarke, S. J., Coskeran, H., Danuor, S. K., de Andrade, F. M., Diakaria, K., Dione, C., Diop, C. A., Fletcher, J. K., Gaye, A. T., Groves, J. L., Gudoshava, M., Hartley, A. J., Hirons, L. C., Ibrahim, I., James, T. D., Lawal, K. A., Marsham, J. H., Mutemi, J. N., Okogbue, E. C., Olaniyan, E., Omoshoto, J. B., Portuphy, J., Roberts, A. J., Schwendike, J., Segele, Z. T., Stein, T. H. M. ORCID:, Taylor, A. L., Taylor, C. M., Warnaars, T. A., Webster, S., Woodhams, B. J. and Youds, L. (2022) The African SWIFT project: growing science capability to bring about a revolution in weather prediction. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 103 (2). pp. 349-369. ISSN 1520-0477 doi:


Hirons, L., Woolnough, S. ORCID:, Dione, C., Thompson, E., de Andrade, F., Talib, J., Konte, O., Diedhiou, T., Quaye, D., Opoku, N., Lawal, K., Olaniyan, E., Nying'uro, P., Kiptum, C., Gudoshava, M., Phillips, L., Youds, L., Parker, D. and Blyth, A., (2021) Exploiting sub-seasonal forecast predictability in Africa: a key to sustainable development. Report. University of Leeds, Leeds. doi:

Endris, H. S., Hirons, L., Segele, Z. T., Gudoshava, M., Woolnough, S. ORCID: and Artan, G. A. (2021) Evaluation of the skill of monthly precipitation forecasts from global prediction systems over the Greater Horn of Africa. Weather and Forecasting, 36 (4). pp. 1275-1298. ISSN 0882-8156 doi:

Hirons, L., Thompson, E., Dione, C., Indasi, V. S., Kilavi, M., Nkiaka, E., Talib, J., Visman, E., Adefisan, E. A., de Andrade, F., Ashong, J., Mwesigwa, J. B., Boult, V. ORCID:, Diédhiou, T., Konte, O., Gudoshava, M., Kiptum, C., Amoah, R. K., Lamptey, B., Lawal, K. A., Muita, R., Nzekwu, R., Nying'uro, P., Ochieng, W., Olaniyan, E., Opoku, N. K., Endris, H. S., Segele, Z., Igri, P. M., Mwangi, E. and Woolnough, S. ORCID: (2021) Using co-production to improve the appropriate use of sub-seasonal forecasts in Africa. Climate Services, 23. 100246. ISSN 2405-8807 doi:

Muita, R. R., Dougil, A. J., Mutemi, J., Aura, S., Graham, R., Awolala, D. O., Nkiaka, E., Hirons, L. and Opijah, F. (2021) Understanding the role of user needs and perceptions related to sub-seasonal and seasonal forecasts on farmers decisions in Kenya: a systematic review. Frontiers in climate, 3. 580556. ISSN 2624-9553 doi:

de Andrade, F. M., Young, M. P., MacLeod, D., Hirons, L. C., Woolnough, S. J. and Black, E. (2021) Subseasonal precipitation prediction for Africa: forecast evaluation and sources of predictability. Weather and Forecasting, 36 (1). pp. 265-284. ISSN 0882-8156 doi:

Taye, M. T., Dyer, E., Charles, K. J. and Hirons, L. C. (2021) Potential predictability of the Ethiopian summer rains: understanding local variations and their implications for water management decisions. Science of the Total Environment, 755 (Part 1). 142604. ISSN 0048-9697 doi:

Lawal, K., A., Olaniyan, E., Ishiyaku, I., Hirons, L., C., Thompson, E., Talib, J., Boult, V. L. ORCID:, Ogungbenro, S. B., Gbode, E. I., Ajayi, V. O., Okogbue, E. C., Adefisan, E., A., Indasi, V., S., Youds, L., Nkiaka, E., Stone, D. A., Nzekwu, R., Folorunso, O., Oyedepo, J., A., New, M., G. and Woolnough, S. J. ORCID: (2021) Progress and challenges of demand-led co-produced sub-seasonal-to-seasonal (S2S) climate forecasts in Nigeria. Frontiers in climate, 3. 712502. ISSN 2624-9553 doi:


Wainwright, C. M., Hirons, L. C., Klingaman, N. P., Allan, R. P., Black, E. and Turner, A. G. (2019) The impact of air-sea coupling and ocean biases on the seasonal cycle of southern West African precipitation. Climate Dynamics, 53 (11). pp. 7027-7044. ISSN 0930-7575 doi:


Hirons, L. and Turner, A. (2018) The impact of Indian Ocean mean-state biases in climate models on the representation of the East African short rains. Journal of Climate, 31 (16). pp. 6611-6631. ISSN 1520-0442 doi:

Hirons, L. C., Klingaman, N. P. and Woolnough, S. J. (2018) The impact of air–sea interactions on the representation of tropical precipitation extremes. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 10 (2). pp. 550-559. ISSN 1942-2466 doi:


Hirons, L. and Klingaman, N., (2016) El Niño 2015/2016 impact analysis, monthly outlook March 2016. Report. Evidence on Demand, UK. doi:

Hirons, L. and Klingaman, N., (2016) El Niño 2015/2016 impact analysis, monthly outlook February 2016. Report. Evidence on Demand doi:

Hirons, L. and Klingaman, N., (2016) La Niña 2016/2017: historical impact analysis. Report. Evidence on Demand doi:

Hirons, L. and Klingaman, N., (2016) El Niño 2015/2016 impact analysis, monthly outlook January 2016. Report. Evidence on Demand doi:


Hirons, L. and Klingaman, N., (2015) El Niño 2015/2016 impact analysis, monthly outlook December 2015. Report. Evidence on Demand doi:

Hirons, L. and Klingaman, N., (2015) El Niño 2015/2016 impact analysis, monthly outlook November 2015. Report. Evidence on Demand doi:

Hirons, L. and Klingaman, N., (2015) El Niño 2015/2016: impact analysis of past El Niños. Report. Evidence on Demand doi:

Hirons, L.C., Klingaman, N.P. and Woolnough, S.J. (2015) MetUM-GOML: a near-globally coupled atmosphere–ocean-mixed-layer model. Geoscientific Model Development, 8. pp. 363-379. ISSN 1991-962X doi:


Hirons, L. C., Inness, P., Vitart, F. and Bechtold, P. (2013) Understanding advances in the simulation of intraseasonal variability in the ECMWF model. Part I: the representation of the MJO. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 139 (675). pp. 1417-1426. ISSN 1477-870X doi:

Hirons, L. C., Inness, P., Vitart, F. and Bechtold, P. (2013) Understanding advances in the simulation of intraseasonal variability in the ECMWF model. Part II: the application of process-based diagnostics. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 139 (675). pp. 1427-1444. ISSN 1477-870X doi:


Hirons, L. (2012) Understanding advances in the simulation of the Madden-Julian Oscillation in a numerical weather prediction model. PhD thesis, University of Reading.

This list was generated on Thu Jun 1 01:54:36 2023 UTC.

Last update: 30th January 2019



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