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Department of Meteorology – University of Reading

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Dr. Linda Hirons

Research Scientist (NCAS)

Web Pages:

My Research:

Research Interests:

  • Drivers of climate variability and change in Africa
  • Sub-seasonal to seasonal predictability
  • Tropical convection, e.g., the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO), monsoon systems
  • Co-production of weather and climate services for society

Current Research Projects:

  • GCRF African Science for Weather Information and Forecasting Techniques (SWIFT) (2017-present): Develop sustainable African weather forecasting capability, to enhance the livelihood of African populations and improve the economies of their countries. Co-lead of Sub-seasonal to seasonal (S2S) workpackage.

Past Research Projects:

  • IMPALA: Improving Model Processes for African cLimAte (2015-2018): Understanding the major modes of global climate variabilty and the teleconnection pathways by which they drive African rainfall variability.
  • Future Weather (2012-2016) : Examining how air-sea interactions affect sub-seasonal variability and the projections of changes in regional weather and climate extremes.
  • Climate Science Services Partnership (CSSP)- China project (2014-2015) : Understanding drivers of sub-seasonal variability in the East Asian Summer Monsoon.
  • Bay of Bengal Boundary Layer Experiment (BoBBLE) (2015) : Understanding the process which control sub-seasonal monsoon variability in the Asian Summer monsoon.

Other interests

  • I was recently commissioned by DfID (Department for International Development) to produce a series of reports on the impact of the 2015/16 El Niño and potential 2016/17 La Niña events on low- and middle-income countries across regions of Africa, Asia and the Middle East.
  • I was part of the team who developed the ocean mixed-layer coupled configuration of the Met Office Unified Model MetUM-GOML
  • I spent time in 2011-2012 as a visiting scientist in the Meteorolgy and Climate Science department at the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST) in Kumasi, Ghana.

Centaur Publications

Jump to: 2023 | 2022 | 2021 | 2019 | 2018 | 2016 | 2015 | 2013 | 2012
Number of items: 29.


Hirons, Linda ORCID logoORCID:, Wainwright, Caroline M., Nying'uro, Patricia, Quaye, David, Ashong, Jesse, Kiptum, Chris, Opoku, Nana Kofi, Thompson, Elisabeth M. and Lamptey, Benjamin (2023) Experiences of co-producing sub-seasonal forecast products for agricultural application in Kenya and Ghana. Weather, 78 (5). pp. 148-153. ISSN 1477-8696 doi:


Dione, Cheikh, Talib, Joshua, Bwaka, Ado M., Kamga, Andre F., Bita Fouda, Andre A., Hirons, Linda ORCID logoORCID:, Latt, Anderson, Thompson, Elisabeth, Lingani, Clement, Indasi, Victor, Adefisan, Elijah A. and Woolnough, Steven J. ORCID logoORCID: (2022) Improved sub-seasonal forecasts to support preparedness action for meningitis outbreak in Africa. Climate Services, 28. 100326. ISSN 2405-8807 doi:

Maybee, Ben, Ward, Neil, Hirons, Linda ORCID logoORCID: and Marsham, John (2022) Importance of Madden–Julian Oscillation phase to the interannual variability of East African rainfall. Atmospheric Science Letters. ISSN 1530-261X (In Press)

Gudoshava, Masilin, Wainwright, Caroline ORCID logoORCID:, Hirons, Linda ORCID logoORCID:, Endris, Hussen S., Segele, Zewdu T., Woolnough, Steven ORCID logoORCID:, Atheru, Zachary and Artan, Guleid (2022) Atmospheric and oceanic conditions associated with early and late onset for eastern Africa short rains. International Journal of Climatology, 42 (12). pp. 6562-6578. ISSN 0899-8418 doi:

Gudoshava, Masilin, Wanzala, Maureen, Thompson, Elisabeth, Mwesigwa, Jasper, Endris, Hussen Seid, Segele, Zewdu, Hirons, Linda ORCID logoORCID:, Kipkogei, Oliver, Mumbua, Charity, Njoka, Wawira, Baraibar, Marta, de Andrade, Felipe, Woolnough, Steve ORCID logoORCID:, Atheru, Zachary and Artan, Guleid (2022) Application of real time S2S forecasts over Eastern Africa in the co-production of climate services. Climate Services, 27. 100319. ISSN 2405-8807 doi:

Visman, E, Hirons, Linda ORCID logoORCID:, Todd, M., Mwangi, E., Dione, C., Gudoshava, M., Otieno, G., Ahiataku, M., Quaye, D., Lawal, K., Talib, J., Fletcher, J., Diop, A., Diedhiou, T., Ndiaye, D., Oloniyan, E., Nying'uro, P., Kiptum, C., Kilavi, M., Adefisan, E., Indasi, V., Waruru, S., Taylor, A. and Woolnough, Steven ORCID logoORCID:, (2022) Institutionalising co-production of weather and climate services: Learning from the African SWIFT and ForPAc projects. GCRF African SWIFT Policy Briefs. Report. University of Leeds

Dyer, Ellen, Hirons, Linda ORCID logoORCID: and Teferi Taye, Meron (2022) July-September rainfall in the Greater Horn of Africa: the combined influence of the Mascarene and South Atlantic highs. Climate Dynamics. ISSN 0930-7575 doi:

Parker, Douglas J., Blyth, Alan M., Woolnough, Steven J. ORCID logoORCID:, Dougill, Andrew J., Bain, Caroline L., de Coning, Estelle, Diop-Kane, Mariane, Foamouhoue, Andre Kamga, Lamptey, Benjamin, Ndiaye, Ousmane, Ruti, Paolo, Adefisan, Elijah A., Amekudzi, Leonard K., Antwi-Agyei, Philip, Birch, Cathryn E., Cafaro, Carlo ORCID logoORCID:, Carr, Hamish, Chanzu, Benard, Clarke, Samantha J., Coskeran, Helen, Danuor, Sylvester K., de Andrade, Felipe M., Diakaria, Kone, Dione, Cheikh, Diop, Cheikh Abdoulahat, Fletcher, Jennifer K., Gaye, Amadou T., Groves, James L., Gudoshava, Masilin, Hartley, Andrew J., Hirons, Linda C., Ibrahim, Ishiyaku, James, Tamora D., Lawal, Kamoru A., Marsham, John H., Mutemi, J. N., Okogbue, Emmanuel Chilekwu, Olaniyan, Eniola, Omoshoto, J. B., Portuphy, Joseph, Roberts, Alexander J., Schwendike, Juliane, Segele, Zewdu T., Stein, Thorwald H. M. ORCID logoORCID:, Taylor, Andrea L., Taylor, Christopher M., Warnaars, Tanya A., Webster, Stuart, Woodhams, Beth J. and Youds, Lorraine (2022) The African SWIFT project: growing science capability to bring about a revolution in weather prediction. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 103 (2). pp. 349-369. ISSN 1520-0477 doi:


Hirons, Linda, Woolnough, Steven ORCID logoORCID:, Dione, Cheikh, Thompson, Elisabeth, de Andrade, Felipe, Talib, Joshua, Konte, Oumar, Diedhiou, Tidiane, Quaye, David, Opoku, Nana, Lawal, Kamoru, Olaniyan, Eniola, Nying'uro, Patricia, Kiptum, Chris, Gudoshava, Masilin, Phillips, Lauren, Youds, Lorraine, Parker, Doug and Blyth, Alan, (2021) Exploiting sub-seasonal forecast predictability in Africa: a key to sustainable development. Report. University of Leeds, Leeds. doi:

Endris, Hussen Seid, Hirons, Linda, Segele, Zewdu Tessema, Gudoshava, Masilin, Woolnough, Steven ORCID logoORCID: and Artan, Guleid A. (2021) Evaluation of the skill of monthly precipitation forecasts from global prediction systems over the Greater Horn of Africa. Weather and Forecasting, 36 (4). pp. 1275-1298. ISSN 0882-8156 doi:

Hirons, Linda, Thompson, Elisabeth, Dione, Cheikh, Indasi, Victor S., Kilavi, Mary, Nkiaka, Elias, Talib, Joshua, Visman, Emma, Adefisan, Elijah A., de Andrade, Felipe, Ashong, Jesse, Mwesigwa, Jasper Batureine, Boult, Vicky ORCID logoORCID:, Diédhiou, Tidiane, Konte, Oumar, Gudoshava, Masilin, Kiptum, Chris, Amoah, Richmond Konadu, Lamptey, Benjamin, Lawal, Kamoru Abiodun, Muita, Richard, Nzekwu, Richard, Nying'uro, Patricia, Ochieng, Willis, Olaniyan, Eniola, Opoku, Nana Kofi, Endris, Hussen Seid, Segele, Zewdu, Igri, Pascal Moudi, Mwangi, Emmah and Woolnough, Steven ORCID logoORCID: (2021) Using co-production to improve the appropriate use of sub-seasonal forecasts in Africa. Climate Services, 23. 100246. ISSN 2405-8807 doi:

Muita, Richard R., Dougil, Andrew J., Mutemi, Joseph, Aura, Stella, Graham, Richard, Awolala, David O., Nkiaka, Elias, Hirons, Linda and Opijah, Franklin (2021) Understanding the role of user needs and perceptions related to sub-seasonal and seasonal forecasts on farmers decisions in Kenya: a systematic review. Frontiers in climate, 3. 580556. ISSN 2624-9553 doi:

de Andrade, Felipe M., Young, Matthew P., MacLeod, David, Hirons, Linda C., Woolnough, Steven J. and Black, Emily (2021) Subseasonal precipitation prediction for Africa: forecast evaluation and sources of predictability. Weather and Forecasting, 36 (1). pp. 265-284. ISSN 0882-8156 doi:

Taye, Meron Teferi, Dyer, Ellen, Charles, Katrina J. and Hirons, Linda C. (2021) Potential predictability of the Ethiopian summer rains: understanding local variations and their implications for water management decisions. Science of the Total Environment, 755 (Part 1). 142604. ISSN 0048-9697 doi:

Lawal, Kamoru, A, Olaniyan, Eniola, Ishiyaku, Ibrahim, Hirons, Linda, C, Thompson, Elisabeth, Talib, Joshua, Boult, Vicky L. ORCID logoORCID:, Ogungbenro, Stephen Bunmi, Gbode, Ezekiel Imoleayo, Ajayi, Vincent Olanrewaju, Okogbue, Emmanuel Chilekwu, Adefisan, Elijah, A, Indasi, Victor, S, Youds, Lorraine, Nkiaka, Elias, Stone, Daithi A, Nzekwu, Richard, Folorunso, Olusegun, Oyedepo, John, A, New, Mark, G and Woolnough, Steven J ORCID logoORCID: (2021) Progress and challenges of demand-led co-produced sub-seasonal-to-seasonal (S2S) climate forecasts in Nigeria. Frontiers in climate, 3. 712502. ISSN 2624-9553 doi:


Wainwright, Caroline M., Hirons, Linda C., Klingaman, Nicholas P., Allan, Richard P., Black, Emily and Turner, Andrew G. (2019) The impact of air-sea coupling and ocean biases on the seasonal cycle of southern West African precipitation. Climate Dynamics, 53 (11). pp. 7027-7044. ISSN 0930-7575 doi:


Hirons, Linda and Turner, Andrew (2018) The impact of Indian Ocean mean-state biases in climate models on the representation of the East African short rains. Journal of Climate, 31 (16). pp. 6611-6631. ISSN 1520-0442 doi:

Hirons, L. C., Klingaman, N. P. and Woolnough, S. J. (2018) The impact of air–sea interactions on the representation of tropical precipitation extremes. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 10 (2). pp. 550-559. ISSN 1942-2466 doi:


Hirons, Linda and Klingaman, Nick, (2016) El Niño 2015/2016 impact analysis, monthly outlook March 2016. Report. Evidence on Demand, UK. doi:

Hirons, Linda and Klingaman, Nick, (2016) El Niño 2015/2016 impact analysis, monthly outlook February 2016. Report. Evidence on Demand doi:

Hirons, Linda and Klingaman, Nick, (2016) La Niña 2016/2017: historical impact analysis. Report. Evidence on Demand doi:

Hirons, Linda and Klingaman, Nick, (2016) El Niño 2015/2016 impact analysis, monthly outlook January 2016. Report. Evidence on Demand doi:


Hirons, Linda and Klingaman, Nick, (2015) El Niño 2015/2016 impact analysis, monthly outlook December 2015. Report. Evidence on Demand doi:

Hirons, Linda and Klingaman, Nick, (2015) El Niño 2015/2016 impact analysis, monthly outlook November 2015. Report. Evidence on Demand doi:

Hirons, Linda and Klingaman, Nick, (2015) El Niño 2015/2016: impact analysis of past El Niños. Report. Evidence on Demand doi:

Hirons, L.C., Klingaman, N.P. and Woolnough, S.J. (2015) MetUM-GOML: a near-globally coupled atmosphere–ocean-mixed-layer model. Geoscientific Model Development, 8. pp. 363-379. ISSN 1991-962X doi:


Hirons, L. C., Inness, P., Vitart, F. and Bechtold, P. (2013) Understanding advances in the simulation of intraseasonal variability in the ECMWF model. Part I: the representation of the MJO. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 139 (675). pp. 1417-1426. ISSN 1477-870X doi:

Hirons, L. C., Inness, P., Vitart, F. and Bechtold, P. (2013) Understanding advances in the simulation of intraseasonal variability in the ECMWF model. Part II: the application of process-based diagnostics. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 139 (675). pp. 1427-1444. ISSN 1477-870X doi:


Hirons, Linda (2012) Understanding advances in the simulation of the Madden-Julian Oscillation in a numerical weather prediction model. PhD thesis, University of Reading.

This list was generated on Mon Dec 4 20:47:40 2023 UTC.

Last update: 26th October 2023



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