Owens, M.J., Lockwood, M., Riley, P. and Linker, J. (2017) Sunward strahl: A method to unambiguously determine open solar flux from in situ spacecraft measurements using suprathermal electron data. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. ISSN 2169-9402 doi: 10.1002/2017JA024631 (In Press)

Owens, M. J. and Riley, P. (2017) Probabilistic solar wind forecasting using large ensembles of near-Sun conditions with a simple one-dimensional “upwind” scheme. Space Weather. ISSN 1542-7390 doi: 10.1002/2017SW001679 (In Press)

Lang, M., Browne, P., Van Leeuwen, P. J. and Owens, M. (2017) Data assimilation in the solar wind: challenges and first results. Space Weather. ISSN 1542-7390 doi: 10.1002/2017SW001681 (In Press)

Linker, J. A., Caplan, R. M., Downs, C., Riley, P., Mikic, Z., Lionello, R., Henney, C. J., Arge, C. N., Liu, Y., Derosa, M. L., Yeates, A. and Owens, M. J. (2017) The open flux problem. The Astrophysical Journal, 848 (1). 70. ISSN 0004-637X doi: 10.3847/1538-4357/aa8a70

Allanson, O., Wilson, F., Neukirch, T., Liu, Y.-H. and Hodgson, J. D. B. (2017) Exact Vlasov-Maxwell equilibria for asymmetric current sheets. Geophysical Research Letters, 44. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: 10.1002/2017GL074168

Zhang, Q.-H., Ma, Y.-Z., Jayachandran, P. T., Moen, J., Lockwood, M., Zhang, Y.-L., Foster, J. C., Zhang, S.-R., Wang, Y., Themens, D. R., Zhang, B.-C. and Xing, Z. Y. (2017) Polar cap hot patches: enhanced density structures different from the classical patches in the ionosphere. Geophysical Research Letters, 44 (16). pp. 8159-8167. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: 10.1002/2017GL073439

Watt, C. E. J., Rae, I. J., Murphy, K. R., Anekallu, C., Bentley, S. N. and Forsyth, C. (2017) The parameterization of wave-particle interactions in the Outer Radiation Belt. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. ISSN 2169-9402 doi: 10.1002/2017JA024339

Ratcliffe, H. and Watt, C. E. J. (2017) Self-consistent formation of a 0.5 cyclotron frequency gap in magnetospheric whistler-mode waves. Journal of Geophysical Research – Space Physics. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1002/2017JA024399

Airey, M., Harrison, G., Nicoll, K., Williams, P. and Marlton, G. (2017) A miniature oscillating microbalance for sampling ice and volcanic ash from a small airborne platform. Review of Scientific Instruments, 88 (8). 086108. ISSN 0034-6748 doi: 10.1063/1.4998971 (In Press)

James, M. K., Imber, S. M., Bunce, E. J., Yeoman, T. K., Lockwood, M., Owens, M. J. and Slavin, J. A. (2017) Interplanetary magnetic field properties and variability near Mercury’s orbit. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 122 (8). pp. 7907-7924. ISSN 21699380 doi: 10.1002/2017JA024435

Jones, S. R., Barnard, L. A., Scott, C. J., Owens, M. J. and Wilkinson, J. (2017) Tracking CMEs using data from the Solar Stormwatch project; observing deflections and other properties. Space Weather. ISSN 1542-7390 doi: 10.1002/2017sw001640 (In Press)

Thomas, S., Owens, M., Lockwood, M. and Owen, C. (2017) Decadal trends in the diurnal variation of galactic cosmic rays observed using neutron monitor data. Annales Geophysicae, 35 (4). pp. 825-838. ISSN 0992-7689 doi: 10.5194/angeo-35-825-2017

Airey, M. W., Mather, T. A., Pyle, D. M. and Ghail, R. C. (2017) The distribution of volcanism in the Beta-Atla-Themis region of Venus: its relationship to rifting and implications for global tectonic regimes. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets. ISSN 21699097 doi: 10.1002/2016JE005205 (In Press)

Harrison, R. G., Nicoll, K. A. and Aplin, K. L. (2017) Evaluating stratiform cloud base charge remotely. Geophysical Research Letters, 44 (12). pp. 6407-6412. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: 10.1002/2017GL073128

Owens, M. J., Lockwood, M. and Barnard, L. A. (2017) Coronal mass ejections are not coherent magnetohydrodynamic structures. Scientific Reports, 7 (1). 4152. ISSN 2045-2322 doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-04546-3

Matthes, K., Funke, B., Andersson, M. E., Barnard, L., Beer, J., Charbonneau, P., Clilverd, M. A., Dudok de Wit, T., Haberreiter, M., Hendry, A., Jackman, C. H., Kretzschmar, M., Kruschke, T., Kunze, M., Langematz, U., Marsh, D. R., Maycock, A. C., Misios, S., Rodger, C. J., Scaife, A. A., Seppälä, A., Shangguan, M., Sinnhuber, M., Tourpali, K., Usoskin, I., van de Kamp, M., Verronen, P. T. and Versick, S. (2017) Solar forcing for CMIP6 (v3.2). Geoscientific Model Development, 10 (6). pp. 2247-2302. ISSN 1991-9603 doi: 10.5194/gmd-10-2247-2017

Barnard, L., de Koning, C. A., Scott, C. J., Owens, M. J., Wilkinson, J. and Davies, J. A. (2017) Testing the current paradigm for space weather prediction with heliospheric imagers. Space Weather, 15 (6). pp. 782-803. ISSN 15427390 doi: 10.1002/2017SW001609

Lockwood, M., Owens, M. J., Imber, S. M. , James, M. K., Bunce, E. J. and Yeoman, T. K. (2017) Coronal and heliospheric magnetic flux circulation and its relation to open solar flux evolution. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 122 (6). pp. 5870-5894. ISSN 2169-9402 doi: 10.1002/2016JA023644

Alpin, K. L., Briggs, A. A., Harrison, R. G. and Marlton, G. J. (2017) Measuring ionizing radiation in the atmosphere with a new balloon-borne detector. Space Weather, 15 (5). pp. 663-672. ISSN 1542-7390 doi: 10.1002/2017SW001610

Asvestari, E., Usoskin, I. G., Kovaltsov, G. A., Owens, M. J., Krivova, N. A., Rubinetti, S. and Taricco, C. (2017) Assessment of different sunspot number series using the cosmogenic isotope 44 Ti in meteorites. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 467 (2). pp. 1608-1613. ISSN 1365-2966 doi: 10.1093/mnras/stx190

Harrison, R. G., Pretor-Pinney, G., Marlton, G. J., Anderson , D. G., Kirshbaum, D. J. and Hogan, R. J. (2017) Asperitas – a newly identified cloud supplementary feature. Weather, 72 (5). pp. 132-141. ISSN 0043-1656 doi: 10.1002/wea.2996

Owens, M. J., Riley, P. and Horbury, T. S. (2017) Probabilistic solar wind and geomagnetic forecasting using an analogue ensemble or “Similar Day” approach. Solar Physics, 292 (5). 69. ISSN 0038-0938 doi: 10.1007/s11207-017-1090-7

Barnard, L., Owens, M. and Scott, C. (2017) The space environment before the space age. Astronomy & Geophysics, 58 (2). 2.12-2.16. ISSN 1366-8781 doi: 10.1093/astrogeo/atx056

Lockwood, M., Owens, M., Hawkins, E., Jones, G. S. and Usoskin, I. (2017) Frost fairs, sunspots and the Little Ice Age. Astronomy & Geophysics, 58 (2). 2.17-2.23. ISSN 1366-8781 doi: 10.1093/astrogeo/atx057

Yao, Z. H., Rae , I. J., Guo, R. L., Fazakerley, A. N., Owen, C. J., Nakamura, R. , Baumjohann, W., Watt, C. E. J., Hwang, K. J., Giles, B. L., Russell, C. T., Torbert, R. B., Varsani, A., Fu, H. S., Shi, Q. Q. and Zhang, X. J. (2017) A direct examination of the dynamics of dipolarization fronts using MMS. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 122 (4). pp. 4335-4347. ISSN 2169-9402 doi: 10.1002/2016JA023401

Kalmoni, N. M. E. , Rae, I. J., Murphy, K. R., Forsyth, C., Watt, C. E. J. and Owen, C. J. (2017) Statistical azimuthal structuring of the substorm onset arc: implications for the onset mechanism. Geophysical Research Letters, 44 (5). pp. 2078-2087. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: 10.1002/2016GL071826

Riley, P., Ben-Nun, M., Linker, J. A., Owens, M. J. and Horbury, T. S. (2017) Forecasting the properties of the solar wind using simple pattern recognition. Space Weather, 15 (3). pp. 526-540. ISSN 1542-7390 doi: 10.1002/2016SW001589

Owens, M. J., Lockwood, M. and Riley, P. (2017) Global solar wind variations over the last four centuries. Scientific Reports, 7. 41548 . ISSN 2045-2322 doi: 10.1038/srep41548

Lockwood, M., Owens, M. J., Barnard, L. A., Scott, C. J. and Watt, C. E. (2017) Space climate and space weather over the past 400 years: 1. the power input to the magnetosphere. Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate, 7. A25. ISSN 2115-7251 doi: 10.1051/swsc/2017019

Rae, I. J., Murphy, K.R., Watt, C. E. J., Mann , I. R., Yao, Z., Kalmoni, N. M. E., Forsyth, C. and Milling, D. K. (2017) Using ultra-low frequency waves and their characteristics to diagnose key physics of substorm onset. Geoscience Letters, 4. 23. ISSN 2196-4092 doi: 10.1186/s40562-017-0089-0

Sanchez, K. J., Roberts, G. C., Calmer, R., Nicoll, K., Hashimshoni, E., Rosenfeld, D., Ovadnevaite, J., Preissler, J., Ceburnis, D., O’Dowd, C. and Russell, L. M. (2017) Top-down and bottom-up aerosol–cloud closure: towards understanding sources of uncertainty in deriving cloud shortwave radiative flux. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 17 (16). pp. 9797-9814. ISSN 1680-7316 doi: 10.5194/acp-17-9797-2017

Wilson, F., Neukirch, T. and Allanson, O. (2017) Force-free collisionless current sheet models with non-uniform temperature and density profiles. Physics of Plasmas, 24 (9). 092105. ISSN 1070-664X doi: 10.1063/1.4997703

Lorenz, R. D., Neakrase , L. D. V., Anderson , J. P., Harrison, R. G. and Nicoll, K. A. (2016) Point discharge current measurements beneath dust devils. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 150-151. pp. 55-60. ISSN 1364-6826 doi: 10.1016/j.jastp.2016.10.017

Sliva, H. G., Lopes, F. M., Pereira, S., Nicoll, K., Barbosa, S. M., Conceicao, R., Neves, S., Harrison, R. G. and Collares Pereira, M. (2016) Saharan dust electrification perceived by a triangle of atmospheric electricity stations in Southern Portugal. Journal of Electrostatics, 84. pp. 106-120. ISSN 0304-3886 doi: 10.1016/j.elstat.2016.10.002

Harrison, R. G., Barth, E., Esposito, F., Merrison, J., Montmessin, F., Aplin, K. L., Borlina, C., Berthelier, J. J., Déprez, G., Farrell, W. M., Houghton, I. M. P., Renno, N. O., Nicoll, K. A., Tripathi, S. N. and Zimmerman, M. (2016) Applications of electrified dust and dust devil electrodynamics to Martian atmospheric electricity. Space Science Reviews, 203 (1-4). pp. 299-345. ISSN 0038-6308 doi: 10.1007/s11214-016-0241-8

Li, B., Cairns, I. H., Owens, M. J., Neudegg, D., Lobzin, V. V. and Steward, G. (2016) Magnetic field inversions at 1 AU: comparisons between mapping predictions and observations. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 121 (11). pp. 10728-10743. ISSN 2169-9402 doi: 10.1002/2016JA023023

Lockwood, M., Owens, M. J., Barnard, L., Scott, C. J., Usoskin, I. G. and Nevanlinna, H. (2016) Tests of sunspot number sequences: 2. Using geomagnetic and auroral data. Solar Physics, 291 (9-10). pp. 2811-2828. ISSN 1573-093X doi: 10.1007/s11207-016-0913-2

Lockwood, M., Owens, M. J. and Barnard, L. (2016) Tests of sunspot number sequences: 4. Discontinuities around 1946 in various sunspot number and sunspot group number reconstructions. Solar Physics, 291 (9-10). pp. 2843-2867. ISSN 1573-093X doi: 10.1007/s11207-016-0967-1

Lockwood, M., Owens, M. J., Barnard, L. and Usoskin, I. G. (2016) Tests of sunspot number sequences: 3. Effects of regression procedures on the calibration of historic sunspot data. Solar Physics, 291 (9). pp. 2829-2841. ISSN 0038-0938 doi: 10.1007/s11207-015-0829-2

Lockwood, M., Scott, C. J., Owens, M. J., Barnard, L. and Willis, D. M. (2016) Tests of sunspot number sequences: 1. Using ionosonde data. Solar Physics, 291 (9). pp. 2785-2809. ISSN 0038-0938 doi: 10.1007/s11207-016-0855-8

Usoskin, I. G., Kovaltsov, G. A., Lockwood, M., Mursula, K., Owens, M. and Solanki, S. K. (2016) A new calibrated sunspot group series since 1749: statistics of active day fractions. Solar Physics, 291 (9-10). pp. 2685-2708. ISSN 0038-0938 doi: 10.1007/s11207-015-0838-1

Yaniv, R., Yair, Y., Price, C., Nicoll, K., Harrison, G., Artamonov, A. and Usoskin, I. (2016) Balloon measurements of the vertical ionization profile over southern Israel and comparison to mid-latitude observations. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 149. pp. 87-92. ISSN 1364-6826 doi: 10.1016/j.jastp.2016.10.003

Kohutova, P., Bocquet, F.-X., Henley, E. M. and Owens, M. J. (2016) Improving solar wind persistence forecasts: removing transient space weather events, and using observations away from the Sun-Earth line. Space Weather, 14 (10). pp. 802-818. ISSN 1542-7390 doi: 10.1002/2016SW001447

Nicoll, K. A. and Harrison, R. G. (2016) Stratiform cloud electrification: comparison of theory with multiple in-cloud measurements. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 142 (700). pp. 2679-2691. ISSN 1477-870X doi: 10.1002/qj.2858

Petäjä, T., O’Connor, E. J., Moisseev, D., Sinclair, V. A., Manninen, A. J., Väänänen, R., von Lerber, A., Thornton, J. A., Nicoll, K., Petersen, W., Chandrasekar, V. , Smith, J. N., Winkler, P. M., Kruger, O., Hakola, H., Timonen, H., Brus, D., Laurila, T., Asmi, E., Riekkola, M.-L., Mona, L., Massoli, P., Engelmann, R., Komppula, M., Wang, J., Kuang, C., Bäck, J., Virtanen, A., Levula, J., Ritsche, M. T. and Hickmon, N. (2016) BAECC: a field campaign to elucidate the impact of Biogenic Aerosols on Clouds and Climate. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97 (10). pp. 1909-1928. ISSN 1520-0477 doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-14-00199.1

Zhang, Q.-H., Moen, J., Lockwood, M., McCrea, I., Zhang, B.-C., McWilliams, K. A., Zong, Q.-G., Zhang, S.-R., Ruohoniemi, J. M., Thomas, E. G., Dunlop, M. W., Liu, R.-Y., Yang, H.-G., Hu, H.-Q. and Lester, M. (2016) Polar cap patch transportation beyond the classic scenario. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 121 (9). pp. 9063-9074. ISSN 2169-9402 doi: 10.1002/2016JA022443

Aplin, K. L., Scott, C. J. and Gray, S. L. (2016) Atmospheric changes from solar eclipses. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 374 (2077). 20150217. ISSN 1364-503X doi: 10.1098/rsta.2015.0217 (themed issue: Atmospheric effects of solar eclipses stimulated by the 2015 UK eclipse)

Barnard, L., Portas, A. M., Gray, S. L. and Harrison, R. G. (2016) The National Eclipse Weather Experiment: an assessment of citizen scientist weather observations. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 374 (2077). 20150220. ISSN 1364-503X doi: 10.1098/rsta.2015.0220 (themed issue: Atmospheric effects of solar eclipses stimulated by the 2015 UK eclipse)

Gray, S. L. and Harrison, R. G. (2016) Eclipse-induced wind changes over the British Isles on the 20 March 2015. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 374 (2077). 20150224. ISSN 1364-503X doi: 10.1098/rsta.2015.0224 (themed issue: Atmospheric effects of solar eclipses stimulated by the 2015 UK eclipse)

Harrison, G., Marlton, G., Williams, P. and Nicoll, K. (2016) Coordinated weather balloon solar radiation measurements during a solar eclipse. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 374 (2077). 20150221. ISSN 1364-503X doi: 10.1098/rsta.2015.0221 (themed issue: Atmospheric effects of solar eclipses stimulated by the 2015 UK eclipse)

Harrison, R. G. and Hanna, E. (2016) The solar eclipse: a natural meteorological experiment. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 374 (2077). 20150225. ISSN 1364-503X doi: 10.1098/rsta.2015.0225 (themed issue: Atmospheric effects of solar eclipses stimulated by the 2015 UK eclipse)

Marlton, G. J., Williams, P. D. and Nicoll, K. A. (2016) On the detection and attribution of gravity waves generated by the 20 March 2015 solar eclipse. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 374 (2077). 20150222. ISSN 1364-503X doi: 10.1098/rsta.2015.0222 (themed issue: Atmospheric effects of solar eclipses stimulated by the 2015 UK eclipse)

Portas, A. M., Barnard, L., Scott, C. and Harrison, R. G. (2016) National Eclipse Weather Experiment use and evaluation of a citizen science tool for schools outreach. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 374 (2077). 20150223. ISSN 1364-503X doi: 10.1098/rsta.2015.0223 (Themed issue: Atmospheric effects of solar eclipses stimulated by the 2015 UK eclipse)

Scott, C. J., Bradford, J., Bell, S. A., Wilkinson, J., Barnard, L., Smith, D. and Tudor, S. (2016) Using the ionospheric response to the solar eclipse on 20th March 2015 to detect spatial structure in the solar corona. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 374 (2077). 20150216. ISSN 1364-503X doi: 10.1098/rsta.2015.0216

Murphy, K. R., Mann, I. R., Rae, I. J., Sibeck, D. G. and Watt, C. E. J. (2016) Accurately characterising the importance of wave-particle interactions in radiation belt dynamics: the pitfalls of statistical wave representations. Journal of Geophysical Research, 121 (8). pp. 7895-7899. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1002/2016JA022618

Aplin, K. L. and Harrison, R. G. (2016) Determining solar effects in Neptune’s atmosphere. Nature Communications, 7. 11976. ISSN 2041-1723 doi: 10.1038/ncomms11976

Forsyth, C., Rae, I. J., Murphy, K. R., Freeman, M. P., Huang , C.-L., Spence, H. E., Boyd, A. J., Coxon, J. C., Jackman, C. M., Kalmoni, N. M. E. and Watt, C. E. J. (2016) What effect do substorms have on the content of the radiation belts? Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 121 (7). pp. 6292-6306. ISSN 2169-9402 doi: 10.1002/2016JA022620

Helling, C. , Harrison, R. G., Honary, F. , Diver, D. A. , Aplin, K. , Dobbs-Dixon, I. , Ebert, U., Inutsuka, S.-i. , Gordillo-Vazquez, F. J. and Littlefair, S. (2016) Atmospheric electrification in dusty, reactive gases in the solar system and beyond. Surveys in Geophysics, 37 (4). pp. 705-756. ISSN 1573-0956 doi: 10.1007/s10712-016-9361-7

Owens, M. J., Cliver, E., McCracken, K. G., Beer, J., Barnard, L., Lockwood, M., Rouillard, A., Passos, D., Riley, P., Usoskin, I. and Wang, Y.-M. (2016) Near-Earth heliospheric magnetic field intensity since 1750. Part 2: cosmogenic radionuclide reconstructions. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 121 (7). pp. 6064-6074. ISSN 2169-9402 doi: 10.1002/2016JA022550

Owens, M. J., Cliver, E., McCracken, K. G., Beer, J., Barnard, L., Lockwood, M., Rouillard, A., Passos, D., Riley, P., Usoskin, I. and Wang, Y.-M. (2016) Near-Earth heliospheric magnetic field intensity since 1750. Part 1: sunspot and geomagnetic reconstructions. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 121 (7). pp. 6048-6063. ISSN 2169-9402 doi: 10.1002/2016JA022529

Lockwood, M., Owens, M. J., Barnard, L. A. , Bentley, S., Scott, C. J. and Watt, C.E. (2016) On the origins and timescales of geoeffective IMF. Space Weather, 14 (6). pp. 406-432. ISSN 1542-7390 doi: 10.1002/2016SW001375

Lockwood, M. (2016) Jim Dungey, the open magnetosphere, and space weather. Space Weather, 14 (6). pp. 380-383. ISSN 1542-7390 doi: 10.1002/2016SW001438

Lopes, F., Silva, H. G., Salgado, R., Potes, M., Nicoll, K. A. and Harrison, R. G. (2016) Atmospheric electrical field measurements near a fresh water reservoir and the formation of the lake breeze. Tellus A: Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography, 68. 31592. ISSN 1600-0870 doi: 10.3402/tellusa.v68.31592

Hartley, D. P., Kletzing, C. A., Kurth, W. S., Bounds, S. R., Averkamp, T. F., Hospodarsky, G. B., Wygant, J. R., Bonnell, J. W., Santolik, O. and Watt, C. E. J. (2016) Using the cold plasma dispersion relation and whistler mode waves to quantify the antenna sheath impedance of the Van Allen Probes EFW instrument. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 121 (5). pp. 4590-4606. ISSN 2169-9402 doi: 10.1002/2016JA022501

Lockwood, M., Owens, M. J., Barnard, L. and Usoskn, I. G. (2016) An assessment of sunspot number data composites over 1845-2014. The Astrophysical Journal, 824 (1). 54. ISSN 1538-4357 doi: 10.3847/0004-637X/824/1/54

Allanson, O., Neukirch, T., Troscheit, S. and Wilson, F. (2016) From one-dimensional fields to Vlasov equilibria: theory and application of Hermite polynomials. Journal of Plasma Physics, 82 (3). 905820306. ISSN 0022-3778 doi: 10.1017/S0022377816000519

Owens, M.J. (2016) Remember, remember the fifth of November: was that thunder I heard or not? Weather, 71 (6). pp. 134-137. ISSN 0043-1656 doi: 10.1002/wea.2725

Rae, I. J. and Watt, C. E. J. (2016) ULF waves above the nightside auroral oval during substorm onset. In: Keiling, A., Lee, D.-H. and Nakariakov, V. (eds.) Low Frequency Waves in Space Plasmas. Wiley, pp. 101-120. ISBN 9781119054955

Wang, Y., Zhang, Q. -H., Jayachandran, P. T., Lockwood, M., Zhang, S. -R., Moen, J., Xing, Z. -Y., Ma, Y. -Z. and Lester, M. (2016) A comparison between large-scale irregularities and scintillations in the polar ionosphere. Geophysical Research Letters, 43 (10). pp. 4790-4798. ISSN 1944-8007 doi: 10.1002/2016GL069230

Conceição, R., Melgão, M., Silva, H. G., Nicoll, K., Harrison, R. G. and Reis, A. H. (2016) Transport of the smoke plume from Chiado’s fire in Lisbon (Portugal) sensed by atmospheric electric field measurements. Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health, 9 (3). pp. 275-283. ISSN 1873-9318 doi: 10.1007/s11869-015-0337-4

Wilkinson, J., Scott, C. J. and Willis, D. M. (2016) Going with the floe. Astronomy and Geophysics, 57 (2). 2.37-2.42. ISSN 1366-8781 doi: 10.1093/astrogeo/atw075

Zhang, Q.-H., Zong, Q.-G., Lockwood, M., Heelis, R. A., Hairston, M., Liang, J., McCrea, I., Zhang, B.-C., Moen, J., Zhang, S.-R., Zhang, Y.-L., Ruohoniemi, J. M., Lester, M., Thomas, E. G., Liu, R.-Y., Dunlop, M. W., Liu, Y. C.-M. and Ma, Y.-Z. (2016) Earth’s ion upflow associated with polar cap patches: global and in-situ observations. Geophysical Research Letters, 43 (5). pp. 1845-1853. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: 10.1002/2016GL067897

Owens, M. (2016) Do the legs of magnetic clouds contain twisted flux-rope magnetic fields? The Astrophysical Journal, 818 (2). 197. ISSN 0004-637X doi: 10.3847/0004-637X/818/2/197

Allanson, O., Wilson, F. and Neukirch, T. (2016) Neutral and non-neutral collisionless plasma equilibria for twisted flux tubes: the Gold-Hoyle model in a background field. Physics of Plasmas, 23 (9). 092106. ISSN 1070-664X doi: 10.1063/1.4962507

Barnard, L., Scott, C.J., Owens, M., Lockwood, M., Crothers, S. R., Davies, J. A. and Harrison, R. A. (2015) Differences between the CME fronts tracked by an expert, an automated algorithm, and the Solar Stormwatch project. Space Weather, 13 (10). pp. 709-725. ISSN 1542-7390 doi: 10.1002/2015SW001280

Mironova, I. A., Aplin, K. L., Arnold, F., Bazilevskaya, G. A., Harrison, R. G., Krivolutsky, A. A., Nicoll, K. A., Rozanov, E. V., Turunen, E. and Usoskin, I. (2015) Energetic particle influence on the Earth’s atmosphere. Space Science Reviews, 194 (1-4). pp. 1-96. ISSN 0038-6308 doi: 10.1007/s11214-015-0185-4

Allanson, O., Neukirch, T., Wilson, F., Troscheit, S. and UNSPECIFIED (2015) An exact collisionless equilibrium for the force-free Harris sheet with low plasma beta. Physics of Plasmas, 22 (10). p. 102116. ISSN 1070-664X doi: 10.1063/1.4934611

Harrison, R. G., Nicoll, K. A. and Ambaum, M. H. P. (2015) On the microphysical effects of observed cloud edge charging. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 141 (692). pp. 2690-2699. ISSN 1477-870X doi: 10.1002/qj.2554 (Part A)

Kalmoni, N. M. E., Rae, I. J., Watt, C. E. J., Murphy, K. R., Forsyth, C. and Owen, C. J. (2015) Statistical characterisation of the growth and spatial scales of the substorm onset arc. Journal of Geophysical Research, 120 (10). pp. 8503-8516. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1002/2015Ja021470

Maycock, A. C., Ineson, S., Gray, L. J., Scaife, A. A., Anstey, J. A., Lockwood, M., Butchart, N., Hardiman, S. C., Mitchell, D. M. and Osprey, S. M. (2015) Possible impacts of a future grand solar minimum on climate: stratospheric and global circulation changes. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 120 (18). pp. 9043-9058. ISSN 2169-8996 doi: 10.1002/2014JD022022

Barnard, L., Scott, C., Owens, M., Lockwood, M., Tucker-Hood, K., Wilkinson, J., Harder, B. and Baeten, E. (2015) Solar stormwatch: tracking solar eruptions. Astronomy & Geophysics, 56 (4). 4.20-4.24. ISSN 1366-8781 doi: 10.1093/astrogeo/atv131

Lockwood, M. and Barnard, L. (2015) An arch in the UK. Astronomy and Geophysics, 56 (4). 4.25-4.30. ISSN 1366-8781 doi: 10.1093/astrogeo/atv132

Zhang, Q.-H., Lockwood, M., Foster, J. C., Zhang, S.-R., Zhang, B.-C., McCrea, I. W., Moen, J., Lester, M. and Ruohoniemi, J. M. (2015) Direct observations of the full Dungey convection cycle in the polar ionosphere for southward interplanetary magnetic field conditions. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 120 (6). pp. 4519-4530. ISSN 2169-9402 doi: 10.1002/2015JA021172

Bohnenstengel, S. I., Belcher, S. E., Aiken, A., Allan, J. D., Allen, G., Bacak, A., Bannan, T. J., Barlow, J. F., Beddows, D. C. S., Bloss, W. J., Booth, A. M., Chemel, C., Coceal, O., Di Marco, C. F., Dubey, M. K., Faloon, K. H., Fleming, Z. L., Furger, M., Gietl, J. K., Graves, R. R., Green, D. C., Grimmond, C. S. B., Halios, C. H., Hamilton, J. F., Harrison, R. M., Heal, M. R., Heard, D. E., Helfter, C., Herndon, S. C., Holmes, R. E., Hopkins, J. R., Jones, A. M., Kelly, F. J., Kotthaus, S., Langford, B., Lee, J. D., Leigh, R. J., Lewis, A. C., Lidster, R. T., Lopez-Hilfiker, F. D., McQuaid, J. B., Mohr, C., Monks, P. S., Nemitz, E., Ng, N. L., Percival, C. J., Prévôt, A. S. H., Ricketts, H. M. A., Sokhi, R., Stone, D., Thornton, J. A., Tremper, A. H., Valach, A. C., Visser, S., Whalley, L. K., Williams, L. R., Xu, L., Young, D. E. and Zotter, P. (2015) Meteorology, air quality, and health in London: the ClearfLo project. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 96 (5). pp. 779-804. ISSN 1520-0477 doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00245.1

Scott, C. J. and Stamper, R. (2015) Global variation in the long-term seasonal changes observed in ionospheric F-region data. Annales Geophysicae, 33 (4). pp. 449-455. ISSN 0992-7689 doi: 10.5194/angeo-33-449-2015

Tripathi, O. P., Baldwin, M., Charlton-Perez, A., Charron, M., Eckermann, S. D., Gerber, E., Harrison, R. G., Jackson, D. R., Kim, B.-M., Kuroda, Y., Lang, A., Mahmood, S., Mizuta, R., Roff, G., Sigmond, M. and Son, S.-W. (2015) Review: the predictability of the extra-tropical stratosphere on monthly timescales and its impact on the skill of tropospheric forecasts. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 141 (689). pp. 987-1003. ISSN 1477-870X doi: 10.1002/qj.2432 (Part B)

Tucker-Hood, K., Scott, C., Owens, M., Jackson, D., Barnard, L., Davies, J. A., Crothers, S., Lintott, C., Simpson, R., Savani, N. P., Wilkinson, J., Harder, B., Eriksson, G. M., Baeten, E. M. L. and Wan Wah, L. L. (2015) Validation of a priori CME arrival predictions made using real-time heliospheric imager observations. Space Weather, 13 (1). pp. 35-48. ISSN 1542-7390 doi: 10.1002/2014SW001106

Ruffenach, A., Lavraud, B., Farrugia, C. J., Démoulin, P., Dasso, S., Owens, M. J., Sauvaud, J.-A., Rouillard, A. P., Lynnyk, A., Foullon, C., Savani, N. P., Luhmann, J. G. and Galvin, A. B. (2015) Statistical study of magnetic cloud erosion by magnetic reconnection. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 120 (1). pp. 43-60. ISSN 2169-9402 doi: 10.1002/2014JA020628

Aplin, K. L. and Lockwood, M. (2015) Further considerations of cosmic ray modulation of infra-red radiation in the atmosphere. Astroparticle Physics, 68. pp. 52-60. ISSN 0927-6505 doi: 10.1016/j.astropartphys.2015.03.001

Frühauff, D., Glassmeier, K.-H., Lockwood, M. and Heyner, D. (2015) Extracting planetary waves from geomagnetic time series using Empirical Mode Decomposition. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 129. pp. 6-12. ISSN 1364-6826 doi: 10.1016/j.jastp.2015.04.002

Harrison, R. G., Nicoll, K., Takahashi, Y. and Yair, Y. (2015) Focus on high energy particles and atmospheric processes. Environmental Research Letters, 10 (10). 100201. ISSN 1748-9326 doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/10/10/100201

Huntingford, C., Marsh, T., Scaife, A. A., Kendon, E. J., Hannaford, J., Kay, A. L., Lockwood, M., Prudhomme, C., Reynard, N. S., Parry, S., Lowe, J. A., Screen, J. A., Ward, H. C., Roberts, M., Stott, P. A., Bell, V. A., Bailey, M., Jenkins, A., Legg, T., Otto, F. E. L., Massey, N., Schaller, N., Slingo, J. and Allen, M. R. (2015) Reply to ‘Drivers of the 2013/14 winter floods in the UK’. Nature Climate Change, 5 (6). pp. 491-492. ISSN 1758-678X doi: 10.1038/nclimate2613

Ineson, S., Maycock, A. C., Gray, L. J., Scaife, A. A., Dunstone, N. J., Harder, J. W., Knight, J. R., Lockwood, M., Manners, J. C. and Wood, R. A. (2015) Regional climate impacts of a possible future grand solar minimum. Nature Communications, 6. 7535. ISSN 2041-1723 doi: 10.1038/ncomms8535

Makhmutov, V., Bazilevskaya, G., Stozhkov, Y., Philippov, M., Yair, Y., Yaniv, R., Harrison, G. and Nicoll, K. (2015) Cosmic ray measurements in the atmosphere at several latitudes in October, 2014. In: The 34th International Cosmic Ray Conference, 30 July – 6th August 2015, The Hague, The Netherlands. (In Press)

Marlton, G. J., Giles Harrison, R., Nicoll, K. A. and Williams, P. D. (2015) Note: A balloon-borne accelerometer technique for measuring atmospheric turbulence. Review of Scientific Instruments, 86 (1). 016109. ISSN 0034-6748 doi: 10.1063/1.4905529

Owens, M. J., McCracken, K. G., Lockwood, M. and Barnard, L. (2015) The heliospheric Hale cycle over the last 300 years and its implications for a “lost” late 18th century solar cycle. Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate, 5. A30. ISSN 2115-7251 doi: 10.1051/swsc/2015032

Owens, M. J., Scott, C. J., Bennett, A. J., Thomas, S. R., Lockwood, M., Harrison, R. G. and Lam, M. M. (2015) Lightning as a space-weather hazard: UK thunderstorm activity modulated by the passage of the heliospheric current sheet. Geophysical Research Letters, 42 (22). pp. 9624-9632. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: 10.1002/2015GL066802

Thomas, S. R., Owens, M. J., Lockwood, M., Barnard, L. and Scott, C. J. (2015) Near-earth cosmic ray decreases associated with remote coronal mass ejections. The Astrophysical Journal, 801 (1). 5. ISSN 1538-4357 doi: 10.1088/0004-637X/801/1/5

Usoskin, I. G., Arlt, R., Asvestari, E., Hawkins, E., Käpylä, M., Kovaltsov, G. A., Krivova, N., Lockwood, M., Mursula, K., O’Reilly, J., Owens, M., Scott, C. J., Sokoloff, D. D., Solanki, S. K., Soon, W. and Vaquero, J. M. (2015) The Maunder minimum (1645-1715) was indeed a grand minimum: a reassessment of multiple datasets. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 581. A95. ISSN 0004-6361 doi: 10.1051/0004-6361/201526652

Arridge, C.S., Achilleos, N., Agarwal, J., Agnor, C.B., Ambrosi, R., André, N., Badman, S.V., Baines, K., Banfield, D., Barthélémy, M., Bisi, M.M., Blum, J., Bocanegra-Bahamon, T., Bonfond, B., Bracken, C., Brandt, P., Briand, C., Briois, C., Brooks, S., Castillo-Rogez, J., Cavalié, T., Christophe, B., Coates, A.J., Collinson, G., Cooper, J.F., Costa-Sitja, M., Courtin, R., Daglis, I.A., de Pater, I., Desai, M., Dirkx, D., Dougherty, M.K., Ebert, R.W., Filacchione, G., Fletcher, L.N., Fortney, J., Gerth, I., Grassi, D., Grodent, D., Grün, E., Gustin, J., Hedman, M., Helled, R., Henri, P., Hess, S., Hillier, J.K., Hofstadter, M.H., Holme, R., Horanyi, M., Hospodarsky, G., Hsu, S., Irwin, P., Jackman, C.M., Karatekin, O., Kempf, S., Khalisi, E., Konstantinidis, K., Krüger, H., Kurth, W.S., Labrianidis, C., Lainey, V., Lamy, L.L., Laneuville, M., Lucchesi, D., Luntzer, A., MacArthur, J., Maier, A., Masters, A., McKenna-Lawlor, S., Melin, H., Milillo, A., Moragas-Klostermeyer, G., Morschhauser, A., Moses, J.I., Mousis, O., Nettelmann, N., Neubauer, F.M., Nordheim, T., Noyelles, B., Orton, G.S., Owens, M., Peron, R., Plainaki, C., Postberg, F., Rambaux, N., Retherford, K., Reynaud, S., Roussos, E., Russell, C.T., Rymer, A.M., Sallantin, R., Sánchez-Lavega, A., Santolik, O., Saur, J., Sayanagi, K.M., Schenk, P., Schubert, J., Sergis, N., Sittler, E.C., Smith, A., Spahn, F., Srama, R., Stallard, T., Sterken, V., Sternovsky, Z., Tiscareno, M., Tobie, G., Tosi, F., Trieloff, M., Turrini, D., Turtle, E.P., Vinatier, S., Wilson, R. and Zarka, P. (2014) The science case for an orbital mission to Uranus: Exploring the origins and evolution of ice giant planets. Planetary and Space Science, 104 (Part A). pp. 122-140. ISSN 0032-0633 doi: 10.1016/j.pss.2014.08.009

Forsyth, C., Watt, C. J. E., Rae, I. J., Fazakerley, A., Kalmoni, N. M. E., Freeman, M. P., Boakes, P. D., Nakamura, R., Dandouras, I., Kistler, L. M., Jackman, C. M., Coxon, J. C. and Carr, C. M. (2014) Increases in plasma sheet temperature with solar wind driving during substorm growth phases. Geophysical Research Letters, 41 (24). pp. 8713-8721. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: 10.1002/2014GL062400

Barnard, L., Scott, C., Owens, M., Lockwood, M., Tucker-Hood, K., Thomas, S., Crothers, S., Davies, J. A., Harrison, R., Lintott, C., Simpson, R., O’Donnell, J., Smith, A. M., Waterson, N., Bamford, S., Romeo, F., Kukula, M., Owens, B., Savani, N., Wilkinson, J., Baeten, E., Poeffel, L. and Harder, B. (2014) The Solar Stormwatch CME catalogue: results from the first space weather citizen science project. Space Weather, 12 (12). pp. 657-674. ISSN 1542-7390 doi: 10.1002/2014SW001119

Lockwood, M. and Owens, M. J. (2014) Implications of the recent low solar minimum for the solar wind during the Maunder minimum. The Astrophysical Journal Letters, 781 (1). L7. ISSN 0004-637X doi: 10.1088/2041-8205/781/1/L7

Tacza, J., Raulin, J.-P., Macotela, E., Norabuena, E., Fernandez, G., Correia, E., Rycroft, M.J. and Harrison, R.G. (2014) A new South American network to study the atmospheric electric field and its variations related to geophysical phenomena. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 120. pp. 70-79. ISSN 1364-6826 doi: 10.1016/j.jastp.2014.09.001

Harrison, R. G., Nicoll, K. A. and Aplin, K. L. (2014) Vertical profile measurements of lower troposphere ionisation. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 119. pp. 203-210. ISSN 1364-6826 doi: 10.1016/j.jastp.2014.08.006

Owens, M. J., Scott, C. J., Lockwood, M., Barnard, L., Harrison, R. G., Nicoll, K., Watt, C. and Bennett, A. J. (2014) Modulation of UK lightning by heliospheric magnetic field polarity. Environmental Research Letters, 9 (11). 115009. ISSN 1748-9326 doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/9/11/115009

Elhalel, G., Yair, Y., Nicoll, K., Price, C., Reuveni, Y. and Harrison, R. G. (2014) Influence of short-term solar disturbances on the fair weather conduction current. Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate, 4. A26. ISSN 2115-7251 doi: 10.1051/swsc/2014022

Nicoll, K. A. (2014) Space weather influences on atmospheric electricity. Weather, 69 (9). pp. 238-241. ISSN 1477-8696 doi: 10.1002/wea.2323

Huntingford, C., Marsh, T., Scaife, A. A., Kendon, E. J., Hannaford, J., Kay, A. L., Lockwood, M., Prudhomme, C., Reynard, N. S., Parry, S., Lowe, J. A., Screen, J. A., Ward, H. C., Roberts, M., Stott, P. A., Bell, V. A., Bailey, M., Jenkins, A., Legg, T., Otto, F. E. L., Massey, N., Schaller, N., Slingo, J. and Allen, M. R. (2014) Potential influences on the United Kingdom’s floods of winter 2013/14. Nature Climate Change, 4 (9). pp. 769-777. ISSN 1758-6798 doi: 10.1038/NCLIMATE2314

Rae, I. J., Murphy, K.R., Watt, C.J., Rostoker, G., Rankin, R., Mann, I. R., Hodgson, C. R., Frey, H. U., Degeling, A. W. and Forsyth, C. (2014) Field line resonances as a trigger and a tracer for substorm onset. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 119 (7). pp. 5343-5363. ISSN 2169-9402 doi: 10.1002/2013JA018889

Thomas, S. R., Owens, M. J., Lockwood, M. and Scott, C. J. (2014) Galactic cosmic ray modulation near the heliospheric current sheet. Solar Physics, 289 (7). pp. 2653-2668. ISSN 1573-093X doi: 10.1007/s11207-014-0493-y

Crooker, N. U., McPherron, R. L. and Owens, M. J. (2014) Comparison of interplanetary signatures of streamers and pseudostreamers. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 119 (6). pp. 4157-4163. ISSN 2169-9402 doi: 10.1002/2014JA020079

Nicoll, K. A. and Harrison, R. G. (2014) Detection of lower tropospheric responses to solar energetic particles at midlatitudes. Physical Review Letters, 112 (22). 225001. ISSN 0031-9007 doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.225001

Harrison, R. G. and Nicoll, K. A. (2014) Note: Active optical detection of cloud from a balloon platform. Review of Scientific Instruments, 85 (6). 066104. ISSN 0034-6748 doi: 10.1063/1.4882318

Scott, C. J., Harrison, R.G., Owens, M.J., Lockwood, M. and Barnard, L. (2014) Evidence for solar wind modulation of lightning. Environmental Research Letters, 9 (5). 055004. ISSN 1748-9326 doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/9/5/055004

Mann, G.W., Carslaw, K.S., Reddington, C.L., Pringle, K.J., Schulz, M., Asmi, A., Spracklen, D.V., Ridley, D.A., Woodhouse, M.T., Lee, L.A., Zhang, K., Ghan, S.J., Easter, R.C., Liu, X., Stier, P., Lee, H.Y., Adams, P.J., Tost, H., Lelieveld, J., Bauer, S.E., Tsigaridis, K., van Noije, T.P.C., Strunk, A., Vignati, E., Bellouin, N., Dalvi, M., Johnson, C.E., Bergman, T., Kokkola, H., von Salzen, K., Yu, F., Luo, G., Petzold, A., Heintzenberg, J., Clarke, A., Ogren, J.A., Gras, J., Baltensperger, U., Kaminski, U., Jennings, S.G., O’Dowd, C.D., Harrison, R.M., Beddows, D.C.S., Kulmala, M., Viisanen, Y., Ulevicius, V., Mihalopoulos, N., Zdimal, V., Fiebig, M., Hansson, H.-C., Swietlicki, E. and Henzing, J.S. (2014) Intercomparison and evaluation of global aerosol microphysical properties among AeroCom models of a range of complexity. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 14. pp. 4679-4713. ISSN 1680-7316 doi: 10.5194/acp-14-4679-2014

Lockwood, M., Nevanlinna, H., Barnard, L., Owens, M. J., Harrison, R. G., Rouillard, A. P. and Scott, C. J. (2014) Reconstruction of geomagnetic activity and near-Earth interplanetary conditions over the past 167 yr – Part 4: Near-Earth solar wind speed, IMF, and open solar flux. Annales Geophysicae, 32 (4). pp. 383-399. ISSN 1432-0576 doi: 10.5194/angeo-32-383-2014

Lockwood, M., Nevanlinna, H., Vokhmyanin, M., Ponyavin, D., Sokolov, S., Barnard, L., Owens, M. J., Harrison, R. G., Rouillard, A. P. and Scott, C. J. (2014) Reconstruction of geomagnetic activity and near-Earth interplanetary conditions over the past 167 yr – Part 3: improved representation of solar cycle 11. Annales Geophysicae, 32 (4). pp. 367-381. ISSN 1432-0576 doi: 10.5194/angeo-32-367-2014

Murphy, K. R., Miles, D. M., Watt, C. E.J., Rae, I. J., Mann, I. R. and Frey, H. U. (2014) Automated determination of auroral breakup during the substorm expansion phase using all sky imager data. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 119 (2). pp. 1414-1427. ISSN 2169-9402 doi: 10.1002/2013JA018773

Scott, C. J., Stamper, R. and Rishbeth, H. (2014) Long-term changes in thermospheric composition inferred from a spectral analysis of ionospheric F-region data. Annales Geophysicae, 32 (2). pp. 113-119. ISSN 0992-7689 doi: 10.5194/angeo-32-113-2014

Forsyth, C., Fazakerley, A. N., Rae, I. J., Watt, C. E. J., Murphy, K., Wild, J. A., Karlsson, T., Mutel, R., Owen, C. .J., Ergun, R., Masson, A., Berthomier, M., Donovan, E., Frey, H. U., Matzka, J., Stolle, C. and Zhang, Y. (2014) In-situ spatio-temporal measurements of the detailed azimuthal substructure of the substorm current wedge. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 119 (2). pp. 927-946. ISSN 2169-9402 doi: 10.1002/2013JA019302

Thomas, S. R., Owens, M. J. and Lockwood, M. (2014) The 22-Year Hale Cycle in cosmic ray flux: evidence for direct heliospheric modulation. Solar Physics, 289 (1). pp. 407-421. ISSN 0038-0938 doi: 10.1007/s11207-013-0341-5

Alpin, K.L. and Harrison, R.G. (2014) Atmospheric electric fields during the Carrington flare. Astronomy and Geophysics, 55 (5). 5.32-5.37. ISSN 1366-8781 doi: 10.1093/astrogeo/atu218

Harrison, R. G., Aplin, K. L. and Rycroft, M. J. (2014) Brief communication: Earthquake–cloud coupling through the global atmospheric electric circuit. Natural Hazards and Earth System Science, 14 (4). pp. 773-777. ISSN 1684-9981 doi: 10.5194/nhess-14-773-2014

Lockwood, M. and Owens, M. J. (2014) Centennial variations in sunspot number, open solar flux and streamer belt width: 3. Modelling. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 119 (7). pp. 5193-5209. ISSN 2169-9402 doi: 10.1002/2014JA019973

Lockwood, M., Owens, M. J. and Barnard, L. (2014) Centennial variations in sunspot number, open solar flux and streamer belt width: 1. correction of the sunspot number record since 1874. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 119 (7). pp. 5172-5182. ISSN 2169-9402 doi: 10.1002/2014JA019970

Lockwood, M., Owens, M. J. and Barnard, L. (2014) Centennial variations in sunspot number, open solar flux and streamer belt width: 2. Comparison with the geomagnetic data. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 119 (7). pp. 5183-5192. ISSN 2169-9402 doi: 10.1002/2014JA019972

Owens, M. J., Horbury, T. S., Wicks, R. T., McGregor, S. L., Savani, N. P. and Xiong, M. (2014) Ensemble downscaling in coupled solar wind-magnetosphere modeling for space weather forecasting. Space Weather, 12 (6). pp. 395-405. ISSN 1542-7390 doi: 10.1002/2014SW001064

Owens, M. J., Crooker, N.U. and Lockwood, M. (2014) Solar cycle evolution of dipolar and pseudostreamer belts and their relation to the slow solar wind. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 119 (1). pp. 36-46. ISSN 2169-9402 doi: 10.1002/2013JA019412

Shine, K. P. (2014) Climate change. In: Harrison, R. M. (ed.) Pollution : causes, effects and control. 5th edition. Royal Society of Chemistry, London, pp. 326-339. ISBN 9781849736480

Silva, H. G., Conceição, R., Melgão, M., Nicoll, K., Mendes, P. B., Tlemçani, M., Reis, A. H. and Harrison, R. G. (2014) Atmospheric electric field measurements in urban environment and the pollutant aerosol weekly dependence. Environmental Research Letters, 9 (11). 114025. ISSN 1748-9326 doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/9/11/114025

Thomas, S. R., Owens, M. J. and Lockwood, M. (2014) Galactic cosmic rays in the heliosphere. Astronomy and Geophysics, 55 (5). 5.23-5.25. ISSN 1366-8781 doi: 10.1093/astrogeo/atu214

Xiong, M., Davies, J. A., Feng, X., Owens, M., Harrison, R. A., Davis, C. J. and Liu, Y. D. (2013) Using coordinated observations in polarized white light and Faraday rotation to probe the spatial position and magnetic field of an interplanetary sheath. The Astrophysical Journal, 777 (1). 32. ISSN 0004-637X doi: 10.1088/0004-637X/777/1/32

Aplin, K. L. and Harrison, R. G. (2013) Lord Kelvin’s atmospheric electricity measurements. History of Geo and Space Sciences, 4 (2). pp. 83-95. doi: 10.5194/hgss-4-83-2013

Akhilesh, R., Tripathi, S. N., Marykutty, M., Srivastava, A. K. and Harrison, R. G. (2013) Quantifying the importance of galactic cosmic rays in cloud microphysical processes. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 102. pp. 243-251. ISSN 1364-6826 doi: 10.1016/j.jastp.2013.05.017

Xiong, M., Davies, J. A., Bisi, M. M., Owens, M. J., Fallows, R. A. and Dorrian, G. D. (2013) Effects of Thomson-scattering geometry on white-light imaging of an interplanetary shock: synthetic observations from forward magnetohydrodynamic modelling. Solar Physics, 285 (1-2). pp. 369-389. ISSN 0038-0938 doi: 10.1007/s11207-012-0047-0

Rae, I. J., Murphy, K. R., Miles, D. M., Watt, C. E. J. and Mann, I. R. (2013) Comment on “Formation of Substorm Pi2: A coherent response to auroral streamers and currents” by Nishimura et al. Journal of Geophysical Research – Space Physics, 118 (6). pp. 3488-3496. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1002/jgra.50336

Marlton, G., Harrison, R. G. and Nicoll, K. A. (2013) Atmospheric point discharge current measurements using a temperature-compensated logarithmic current amplifier. Review of Scientific Instruments, 84 (6). 066103. ISSN 0034-6748 doi: 10.1063/1.4810849

Harrison, R. G., Nicoll, K. A. and McWilliams, K. A. (2013) Space weather driven changes in lower atmosphere phenomena. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 98. pp. 22-30. ISSN 1364-6826 doi: 10.1016/j.jastp.2013.03.008

Owens, M. J., Crooker, N. U. and Lockwood, M. (2013) Solar origin of heliospheric magnetic field inversions: evidence for coronal loop opening within pseudostreamers. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 118 (5). pp. 1868-1879. ISSN 2169-9402 doi: 10.1002/jgra.50259

Zhang, Q.-H., Zhang, B.-C., Lockwood, M., Hu, H.-Q., Moen, J. I., Ruohoniemi, J. M., Thomas, E.G., Zhang, S.-R., Yang, H.-G., Lui, R. Y., McWilliams, K. A. and Baker, J. B. H. (2013) Direct observations of the evolution of polar cap ionization patches. Science, 339 (6127). pp. 1597-1600. ISSN 1095-9203 doi: 10.1126/science.1231487

Harrison, R. G. (2013) The Carnegie curve. Surveys in Geophysics, 34 (2). pp. 209-232. ISSN 1573-0956 doi: 10.1007/s10712-012-9210-2

Fullekrug, M., Diver, D., Pincon, J.-L., Phelps, A., Bourdon, A., Helling, C., Blanc, E., Honary, F. , Harrison, R. G., Sauvaud, J.-A., Renard, J.-B., Lester, M., Rycroft, M., Kosch, M., Horne, R., Soula, S. and Gaffet, S. (2013) Energetic charged particles above thunderclouds. Surveys in Geophysics, 34 (1). pp. 1-41. ISSN 1573-0956 doi: 10.1007/s10712-012-9205-z

Aplin, K. L. and Lockwood, M. (2013) Cosmic ray modulation of infra-red radiation in the atmosphere. Environmental Research Letters, 8 (1). 015026. ISSN 1748-9326 doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/8/1/015026

Harrison, G. G., Nicoll, K. A. and Lomas, A. G. (2013) Geiger tube coincidence counter for lower atmosphere radiosonde measurements. Review of Scientific Instruments, 84 (7). 076103. ISSN 0034-6748 doi: 10.1063/1.4815832

Harrison, R. G. and Ambaum, M. H.P. (2013) Electrical signature in polar night cloud base variations. Environmental Research Letters, 8 (1). 015027. ISSN 1748-9326 doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/8/1/015027

Houghton, I. M. P., Aplin, K. L. and Nicoll, K. (2013) Triboelectric charging of volcanic ash from the 2011 Grímsvötn eruption. Physical Review Letters, 111 (11). 118501. ISSN 0031-9007 doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.118501

Lockwood, M., Barnard, L., Nevanlinna, H., Owens, M.J., Harrison, R.G., Rouillard, A. P. and Davis, C. J. (2013) Reconstruction of geomagnetic activity and near-Earth interplanetary conditions over the past 167 yr – Part 2: A new reconstruction of the interplanetary magnetic field. Annales Geophysicae, 31 (11). pp. 1979-1992. ISSN 0992-7689 doi: 10.5194/angeo-31-1979-2013

Lockwood, M. (2013) Reconstruction and prediction of variations in the open solar magnetic flux and interplanetary conditions. Living Reviews in Solar Physics, 10. lrsp-2013-4. ISSN 1614-4961 doi: 10.12942/lrsp-2013-4

Lockwood, M., Barnard, L., Nevanlinna, H., Owens, M.J., Harrison, R.G., Rouillard, A. P. and Davis, C. J. (2013) Reconstruction of geomagnetic activity and near-Earth interplanetary conditions over the past 167 yr – Part 1: A new geomagnetic data composite. Annales Geophysicae, 31 (11). pp. 1957-1977. ISSN 0992-7689 doi: 10.5194/angeo-31-1957-2013

Lockwood, M. and Owens, M. J. (2013) Comment on “What causes the flux excess in the heliospheric magnetic field?” by E. J. Smith. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 118 (5). pp. 1880-1887. ISSN 2169-9402 doi: 10.1002/jgra.50223

Nicoll, K. (2013) A self-calibrating electrometer for atmospheric charge measurements from a balloon platform. Review of Scientific Instruments, 84 (9). 096107. ISSN 1089-7623 doi: 10.1063/1.4821500

Owens, M. J., Challen, R., Methven, J., Henley, E. and Jackson, D. R. (2013) A 27 day persistence model of near-Earth solar wind conditions: a long lead-time forecast and a benchmark for dynamical models. Space Weather, 11 (5). pp. 225-236. ISSN 1542-7390 doi: 10.1002/swe.20040

Owens, M. J. and Forsyth, R. J. (2013) The heliospheric magnetic field. Living Reviews in Solar Physics, 10 (5). ISSN 1614-4961 doi: 10.12942/lrsp-2013-5

Rap, A., Scott, C. E., Spracklen, D. V., Bellouin, N., Forster, P. M., Carslaw, K. S., Schmidt, A. and Mann, G. (2013) Natural aerosol direct and indirect radiative effects. Geophysical Research Letters, 40 (12). pp. 3297-3301. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: 10.1002/grl.50441

Renard, J.-B., Tripathi, S. N., Michael, M., Rawal, A., Berthet, G., Fullekrug, M., Harrison, R. G., Robert, C., Tagger, M. and Gaubicher, B. (2013) 18 Nov 2013 In situ detection of electrified aerosols in the upper troposphere and stratosphere. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 13 (22). 11187– 11194. ISSN 1680-7316 doi: 10.5194/acp-13-11187-2013

Savani, N. P., Vourlidas, A., Pulkkinen, A., Nieves-Chinchilla, T., Lavraud, B. and Owens, M. J. (2013) Tracking the momentum flux of a CME and quantifying its influence on geomagnetically induced currents at Earth. Space Weather, 11 (5). pp. 245-261. ISSN 1542-7390 doi: 10.1002/swe.20038

Watt, C. E. J., Degeling, A. W. and Rankin, R. (2013) Constructing the frequency and wave normal distribution of whistler-mode wave power. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 118 (5). pp. 1984-1991. ISSN 2169-9402 doi: 10.1002/jgra.50231

Zhang, Q.-H., Zhang, B.-C., Moen, J., Lockwood, M., McCrea, I. W., Yang, H.-G., Hu, H.-Q., Liu, R.-Y., Zhang, S.-R. and Lester, M. (2013) Polar cap patch segmentation of the tongue of ionization in the morning convection cell. Geophysical Research Letters, 40 (12). pp. 2918-2922. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: 10.1002/grl.50616

Rycroft, M. J., Nicoll, K. A., Aplin, K. L. and Harrison, R. G. (2012) Recent advances in global electric circuit coupling between the space environment and the troposphere. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 90-91. pp. 198-211. ISSN 1364-6826 doi: 10.1016/j.jastp.2012.03.015

Philbin, T. G. and Allanson, O. (2012) Optical angular momentum in dispersive media. Physical Review A, 86 (5). 055802. ISSN 1050-2947 doi: 10.1103/PhysRevA.86.055802

Owens, M. J., Usoskin, I. and Lockwood, M. (2012) Heliospheric modulation of galactic cosmic rays during grand solar minima: past and future variations. Geophysical Research Letters, 39 (19). L19102. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: 10.1029/2012GL053151

Harrison, R.G. (2012) Aerosol-induced correlation between visibility and atmospheric electricity. Journal of Aerosol Science, 52. pp. 121-126. ISSN 0021-8502 doi: 10.1016/j.jaerosci.2012.04.011

Ruffenach, A., Lavraud, B., Owens, M. J., Sauvaud, J.-A., Savani, N. P., Rouillard, A. P., Démoulin, P., Foullon, C., Opitz, A., Fedorov, A., Jacquey, C. J., Génot, V., Louarn, P., Luhmann, J. G., Russell, C. T., Farrugia, C. J. and Galvin, A. B. (2012) Multispacecraft observation of magnetic cloud erosion by magnetic reconnection during propagation. Journal of Geophysical Research – Space Physics, 117 (A9). A09101. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1029/2012JA017624

Nicoll, K.A. (2012) Measurements of atmospheric electricity aloft. Surveys in Geophysics, 33 (5). pp. 991-1057. ISSN 1573-0956 doi: 10.1007/s10712-012-9188-9

Gray, S. L. and Harrison, R. G. (2012) Diagnosing eclipse-induced wind changes. Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 468 (2143). pp. 1839-1850. ISSN 1364-5021 doi: 10.1098/rspa.2012.0007

Savani, N. P., Davies, J. A., Davis, C. J., Shiota, D., Rouillard, A. P., Owens, M. J., Kusano, K., Bothmer, V., Bamford, S. P., Lintott, C. J. and Smith, A. (2012) Observational tracking of the 2D structure of coronal mass ejections between the sun and 1 AU. Solar Physics, 279 (2). pp. 517-535. ISSN 0038-0938 doi: 10.1007/s11207-012-0041-6

Lockwood, M., Owens, M., Barnard, L., Davis, C. J. and Thomas, S. (2012) Solar cycle 24: what is the sun up to? Astronomy and Geophysics, 53 (3). 3.09-3.15. ISSN 1366-8781 doi: 10.1111/j.1468-4004.2012.53309.x

Harrison, R. G. and Wood, C. R. (2012) Ventilation effects on humidity measurements in thermometer screens. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 138 (665). pp. 1114-1120. ISSN 1477-870X doi: 10.1002/qj.985

Harrison, G., Nicoll, K. and Lomas, A. (2012) Programmable data acquisition system for research measurements from meteorological radiosondes. Review of Scientific Instruments, 83 (3). 036106. ISSN 0034-6748 doi: 10.1063/1.3697717

Harrison, G. and Nicoll, K. (2012) Balloon-borne disposable radiometer for cloud detection. Review of Scientific Instruments, 83 (2). 025111. ISSN 0034-6748 doi: 10.1063/1.3685252

Owens, M., Démoulin, P., Savani, N. P., Lavraud, B. and Ruffenach, A. (2012) Implications of non-cylindrical flux ropes for magnetic cloud reconstruction techniques and the interpretation of double flux rope events. Solar Physics, 278 (2). pp. 435-446. ISSN 0038-0938 doi: 10.1007/s11207-012-9939-2

Davis, C. J., Davies, J. A., Owens, M. and Lockwood, M. (2012) Predicting the arrival of high-speed solar wind streams at Earth using the STEREO Heliospheric Imagers. Space Weather, 10 (2). ISSN 1542-7390 doi: 10.1029/2011SW000737

Davies, J. A., Harrison, R. A., Perry, C. H., Möstl, C., Lugaz, N., Rollett, T., Davis, C. J., Crothers, S. R., Temmer, M., Eyles, C. J. and Savani, N. P. (2012) A self-similar expansion model for use in solar wind transient propogation studies. The Astrophysical Journal, 750 (23). ISSN 0004-637X doi: 10.1088/0004-637X/750/1/23

Forsyth, C., Fazakerley, A. N., Walsh, A. P., Watt, C. E. J., Garza, K. J., Owen, C. J., Constantinescu, D., Dandouras, I., Fornaçon, K.-H., Lucek, E., Marklund, G. T., Sadeghi, S. S., Khotyaintsev, Y., Masson, A. and Doss, N. (2012) Temporal evolution and electric potential structure of the auroral acceleration region from multispacecraft measurements. Journal of Geophysical Research, 117. A12203. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1029/2012JA017655

Harrison, R. M., Dall’Osto, M., Beddows, D. C. S., Thorpe, A. J., Bloss, W. J., Allan, J. D., Coe, H., Dorsey, J. R., Gallagher, M., Martin, C., Whitehead, J., Williams, P. I., Jones, R. L., Langridge, J. M., Benton, A. K., Ball, S. M., Langford, B., Hewitt, C. N., Davison, B., Martin, D., Petersson, K. F., Henshaw, S. J., White, I. R., Shallcross, D. E., Barlow, J. F., Dunbar, T., Davies, F., Nemitz, E., Phillips, G. J., Helfter, C., Di Marco, C. F. and Smith, S. (2012) Atmospheric chemistry and physics in the atmosphere of a developed megacity (London): an overview of the REPARTEE experiment and its conclusions. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12 (6). pp. 3065-3114. ISSN 1680-7316 doi: 10.5194/acp-12-3065-2012

Jones, G. S., Lockwood, M. and Stott, P. A. (2012) What influence will future solar activity changes over the 21st century have on projected global near-surface temperature changes? Journal of Geophysical Research, 117 (D5). D05103. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1029/2011JD017013

Lockwood, M. (2012) Solar induced climate effects. In: Meyers, R. A. (ed.) Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology. Springer. ISBN 9780387894690

Lockwood, M. (2012) Solar influence on global and regional climates. Surveys in Geophysics, 33 (3-4). pp. 503-534. ISSN 1573-0956 doi: 10.1007/s10712-012-9181-3

Owens, M. and Lockwood, M. (2012) Cyclic loss of open solar flux since 1868: the link to heliospheric current sheet tilt and implications for the Maunder Minimum. Journal of Geophysical Research – Space Physics, 117 (A4). ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1029/2011JA017193

Rae, I. J., Watt, C. E. J., Murphy, K. R., Frey, H. U., Ozeke, L. G., Milling, D. K. and Mann, I. R. (2012) The correlation of ULF waves and auroral intensity before, during and after substorm expansion phase onset. Journal of Geophysical Research, 117 (A8). A08213. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1029/2012JA017534

Rodger, C. J., Clilverd, M. A., Kavanagh, A. J., Watt, C. E. J., Verronen, P. T. and Raita, T. (2012) Contrasting the responses of three different ground-based instruments to energetic electron precipitation. Radio Science, 47 (2). RS2021. ISSN 1944–799x doi: 10.1029/2011RS004971

Rycroft, M. J. and Harrison, R. G. (2012) Electromagnetic atmosphere-plasma coupling: the global atmospheric electric circuit. Space Science Reviews, 168 (1). pp. 363-384. ISSN 0038-6308 doi: 10.1007/s11214-011-9830-8

Watt, C. E. J., Rankin, R. and Degeling, A. W. (2012) Whistler mode wave growth and propagation in the prenoon magnetosphere. Journal of Geophysical Research, 117. A06205. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1029/2012JA017765

Zhang, Q.-H., Dunlop, M. W., Lockwood, M., Lavraud, B., Bogdanova, Y. V., Hasegawa, H., Yang, H.-G., Liu, R.-Y., Hu, H.-Q., Zhang, B.-C., Pu, Z.-Y., Yang, Z.-W., Wang, J., Taylor, M. G. G. T., Berchem, J., Constantinescu, D., Volwerk, M., Frey, H., Fazakerley, A. N., Shen, C., Shi, J.-K., Sibeck, D., Escoubet, P. and Wild, J. A. (2012) Inner plasma structure of the low-latitude reconnection layer. Journal of Geophysical Research, 117 (A8). A08205. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1029/2012JA017622

Harrison, R. G., Ambaum, M. H. P. and Lockwood, M. (2011) Cloud base height and cosmic rays. Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 467 (2134). pp. 2777-2791. ISSN 1471-2946 doi: 10.1098/rspa.2011.0040

Ambaum, M. H. P., Harrison, R. G., Buiting, J. and Beckers, T. (2011) The chaos machine: analogue computing rediscovered (2). Elektor, 37 (418). pp. 72-75. ISSN 0932-5468

Ambaum, M. H. P. and Harrison, R. G. (2011) The chaos machine: analogue computing rediscovered (1). Elektor, 37 (417). pp. 72-75. ISSN 0932-5468

Barnard, L., Lockwood, M., Hapgood, M. A., Owens, M. J., Davis, C. J. and Steinhilber, F. (2011) Predicting space climate change. Geophysical Research Letters, 38. L16103. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: 10.1029/2011GL048489

Dunlop, M. W., Zhang, Q.-H., Bogdanova, Y. V., Lockwood, M., Pu, Z., Hasegawa, H., Wang, J., Taylor, M. G. G. T., Berchem, J., Lavraud, B., Eastwood, J., Volwerk, M., Shen, C., Shi, J.-K., Constantinescu, D., Frey, H., Fazakerley, A., Sibeck, D., Escoubet, P., Wild, J. A. and Liu, Z.-X. (2011) Extended magnetic reconnection across the dayside magnetopause. Physical Review Letters, 107 (2). 025004. ISSN 0031-9007 doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.107.025004

Savani, N. P., Owens, M. J., Rouillard, A. P., Forsyth, R. J., Kusano, K., Shiota, D., Kataoka, R., Jian, L. and Bothmer, V. (2011) Evolution of coronal mass ejection morphology with increasing heliocentric distance. II. In Situ observations. The Astrophysical Journal, 732 (2). 117. ISSN 0004-637X doi: 10.1088/0004-637X/732/2/117

Savani, N. P., Owens, M. J., Rouillard, A. P., Forsyth, R. J., Kusano, K., Shiota, D. and Kataoka, R. (2011) Evolution of coronal mass ejection morphology with increasing heliocentric distance. I. Geometrical analysis. The Astrophysical Journal, 731 (2). p. 109. ISSN 0004-637X doi: 10.1088/0004-637X/731/2/109

Barlow, J. F., Dunbar, T. M., Nemitz, E. G., Wood, C. R., Gallagher, M. W., Davies, F., O’Connor, E. and Harrison, R. M. (2011) Boundary layer dynamics over London, UK, as observed using Doppler lidar during REPARTEE-II. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11 (5). pp. 2111-2125. ISSN 1680-7316 doi: 10.5194/acp-11-2111-2011

McGregor, S. L., Hughes, W. J., Arge, C. N., Owens, M. J. and Odstrcil, D. (2011) The distribution of solar wind speeds during solar minimum: calibration for numerical solar wind modeling constraints on the source of the slow solar wind. Journal of Geophysical Research, 116. A03101. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1029/2010JA015881

Wood, C. R. and Harrison, R. G. (2011) Scorch marks from the sky. Weather, 66 (2). pp. 39-41. ISSN 0043-1656 doi: 10.1002/wea.657

Nicoll, K. A., Harrison, R. G. and Ulanowski, Z. (2011) Observations of Saharan dust layer electrification. Environmental Research Letters, 6 (1). 014001. ISSN 1748-9326 doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/6/1/014001

Barnard, L. and Lockwood, M. (2011) A survey of gradual solar energetic particle events. Journal of Geophysical Research, 116. A05103. ISSN 2156-2202 doi: 10.1029/2010JA016133

Crooker, N. U. and Owens, M. J. (2011) Interchange reconnection: remote sensing of solar signature and role in heliospheric magnetic flux budget. Space Science Reviews, 172 (1-4). pp. 201-208. ISSN 1572-9672 doi: 10.1007/s11214-011-9748-1

Dall’Osto, M., Thorpe, A., Beddows, D. C. S., Harrison, R. M., Barlow, J. F., Dunbar, T., Williams, P. I. and Coe, H. (2011) Remarkable dynamics of nanoparticles in the urban atmosphere. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11 (13). pp. 6623-6637. ISSN 1680-7316 doi: 10.5194/acp-11-6623-2011

Lavraud, B., Owens, M. J. and Rouillard, A. P. (2011) In situ signatures of interchange reconnection between magnetic clouds and open magnetic fields: a mechanism for the erosion of polar coronal holes? Solar Physics, 270 (1). pp. 285-296. ISSN 0038-0938 doi: 10.1007/s11207-011-9717-6

Lockwood, M. (2011) Solar physics: shining a light on solar impacts. Nature Climate Change, 1 (2). pp. 98-99. ISSN 1758-678X doi: 10.1038/nclimate1096

Lockwood, M. (2011) Was UV spectral solar irradiance lower during the recent low sunspot minimum? Journal of Geophysical Research, 116. D16103. ISSN 2156-2202 doi: 10.1029/2010JD014746

Lockwood, M., Harrison, R. G., Owens, M. J., Barnard, L., Woollings, T. and Steinhilber, F. (2011) The solar influence on the probability of relatively cold UK winters in the future. Environmental Research Letters, 6 (3). 034004. ISSN 1748-9326 doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/6/3/034004

Lockwood, M. and Owens, M. J. (2011) Centennial changes in the heliospheric magnetic field and open solar flux: the consensus view from geomagnetic data and cosmogenic isotopes and its implications. Journal of Geophysical Research, 116 (A4). A04109. ISSN 2156-2202 doi: 10.1029/2010JA016220

Lockwood, M., Owens, M. J., Barnard, L., Davis, C. J. and Steinhilber, F. (2011) The persistence of solar activity indicators and the descent of the sun into Maunder Minimum conditions. Geophysical Research Letters, 38. L22105. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: 10.1029/2011GL049811

Nicoll, K. and Harrison, G. (2011) Charge measurements in stratiform cloud from a balloon based sensor. Journal of Physics: Conference Series (301). 012003. ISSN 1742-6588 doi: 10.1088/1742-6596/301/1/012003

Owens, M. J., Wicks, R. T. and Horbury, T. S. (2011) Magnetic discontinuities in the near-earth solar wind: evidence of in-transit turbulence or remnants of coronal structure? Solar Physics, 269 (2). pp. 411-420. ISSN 0038-0938 doi: 10.1007/s11207-010-9695-0

Owens, M. J., Crooker, N. U. and Lockwood, M. (2011) How is open solar magnetic flux lost over the solar cycle? Journal of Geophysical Research – Space Physics, 116. A04111. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1029/2010JA016039

Owens, M. J., Lockwood, M., Barnard, L. and Davis, C. J. (2011) Solar cycle 24: implications for energetic particles and long-term space climate change. Geophysical Research Letters, 38. L19106. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: 10.1029/2011GL049328

Rae, I. J., Murphy, K. R., Watt, C. E. J. and Mann, I. R. (2011) On the nature of ULF wave power during nightside auroral activations and substorms: 2. temporal evolution. Journal of Geophysical Research, 116. A00I22. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1029/2010JA015762

Watt, C. E. J., Degeling, A. W., Rankin, R., Murphy, K. R., Rae, I. J. and Singer, H. J. (2011) Ultralow-frequency modulation of whistler-mode wave growth. Journal of Geophysical Research, 116. A10209. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1029/2011JA016730

Xiong, M., Breen, A.R., Bisi, M.M., Owens, M. J., Fallows, R.A., Dorrian, G.D., Davies, J.A. and Thomasson, P. (2011) Forward modelling to determine the observational signatures of white-light imaging and interplanetary scintillation for the propagation of an interplanetary shock in the ecliptic plane. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 73 (10). pp. 1270-1280. ISSN 1364-6826 doi: 10.1016/j.jastp.2010.09.007

Zhang, Q.-H., Dunlop, M. W., Lockwood, M., Holme, R., Kamide, Y., Baumjohann, W., Liu, R.-Y., Yang, H.-G., Woodfield, E. E., Hu, H.-Q., Zhang, B.-C. and Liu, S.-L. (2011) The distribution of the ring current: Cluster observations. Annales Geophysicae, 29 (9). pp. 1655-1662. ISSN 0992-7689 doi: 10.5194/angeo-29-1655-2011

Zhang, Q.-H., Zhang, B.-C., Liu, R.-Y., Dunlop, M. W., Lockwood, M., Moen, J., Yang, H.-G., Hu, H.-Q., Hu, Z.-J., Liu, S.-L., McCrea, I. W. and Lester, M. (2011) On the importance of interplanetary magnetic field (By)on polar cap patch formation. Journal of Geophysical Research, 116. A05308. ISSN 2156-2202 doi: 10.1029/2010JA016287

Harrison, R. G. and Ambaum, M. H. P. (2010) Observing Forbush decreases in cloud at Shetland. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 72 (18). pp. 1408-1414. ISSN 1364-6826 doi: 10.1016/j.jastp.2010.09.025

Cohen, O., Attrill, G. D. R., Schwadron, N. A., Crooker, N. U., Owens, M. J., Downs, C. and Gombosi, T. I. (2010) Numerical simulation of the 12 May 1997 CME Event: The role of magnetic reconnection. Journal of Geophysical Research, 115 (A10). A10104. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1029/2010JA015464

Crooker, N. U., Appleton, E. M., Schwadron, N. A. and Owens, M.J. (2010) Suprathermal electron flux peaks at stream interfaces: Signature of solar wind dynamics or tracer for open magnetic flux transport on the Sun? Journal of Geophysical Research, 115. A11101. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1029/2010JA015496

Woollings, T., Lockwood, M., Masato, G., Bell, C. and Gray, L. (2010) Enhanced signature of solar variability in Eurasian winter climate. Geophysical Research Letters, 37. L20805. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: 10.1029/2010GL044601

Bisi, M. M., Breen, A. R., Jackson, B. V., Fallows, R. A., Walsh, A. P., Mikić, Z., Riley, P., Owen, C. J., Gonzalez-Esparza, A., Aguilar-Rodriguez, E., Morgan, H., Jensen, E. A., Wood, A. G., Owens, M. J., Tokumaru, M., Manoharan, P. K., Chashei, I. V., Giunta, A. S., Linker, J. A., Shishov, V. I., Tyul’bashev, S. A., Agalya, G., Glubokova, S. K., Hamilton, M. S., Fujiki, K., Hick, P. P., Clover, J. M. and Pintér, B. (2010) From the sun to the Earth: The 13 May 2005 coronal mass ejection. Solar Physics, 265 (1-2). pp. 49-127. ISSN 0038-0938 doi: DOI:10.1007/s11207-010-9602-8

Dall’Osto, M., Harrison, R., Highwood, E. J., O’Dowd, C., Ceburnis, D., Querol, X. and Achterberg, E. (2010) Variation of the mixing state of Saharan dust particles with atmospheric transport. Atmospheric Environment, 44 (26). 3135 -3146 . ISSN 1352-2310 doi: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2010.05.030

Lockwood, M., Bell, C., Woollings, T., Harrison, R. G., Gray, L. J. and Haigh, J. D. (2010) Top-down solar modulation of climate: evidence for centennial-scale change. Environmental Research Letters, 5 (3). 034008. ISSN 1748-9326 doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/5/3/034008

Harrison, R. G. and Walesby, K. T. (2010) A thermally stable tension meter for atmospheric soundings using kites. Review of Scientific Instruments, 81 (7). 076104. ISSN 1089-7623 doi: 10.1063/1.3465560

Nicoll, K. A. and Harrison, R. G. (2010) Experimental determination of layer cloud edge charging from cosmic ray ionisation. Geophysical Research Letters, 37 (13). L13802. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: 10.1029/2010GL043605

Harrison, R. G., Nicoll, K., Ulanowski, Z. J. and Mather, T. (2010) Self-charging of the Eyjafjallajökull volcanic ash plume. Environmental Research Letters, 5 (2). 024004. ISSN 1748-9326 doi: DOI:10.1088/1748-9326/5/2/024004

Lockwood, M., Harrison, R. G., Woollings, T. J. and Solanki, S. K. (2010) Are cold winters in Europe associated with low solar activity? Environmental Research Letters, 5 (2). 024001. ISSN 1748-9326 doi: DOI:10.1088/1748-9326/5/2/024001

Rouillard, A. P., Davies, J. A., Lavraud, B., Forsyth, R. J., Savani, N. P., Bewsher, D., Brown, D. S., Sheeley, N. R., Davis, C. J., Harrison, R. A., Howard, R. A., Vourlidas, A., Lockwood, M., Crothers, S. R. and Eyles, C. J. (2010) Intermittent release of transients in the slow solar wind: 1. Remote sensing observations. Journal of Geophysical Research, 115. A04103. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1029/2009JA014471

Rouillard, A. P., Lavraud, B., Davies, J. A., Savani, N. P., Burlaga, L. F., Forsyth, R. J., Sauvaud, J.-A., Opitz, A., Lockwood, M., Luhmann, J. G., Simunac, K. D. C., Galvin, A. B., Davis, C. J. and Harrison, R. A. (2010) Intermittent release of transients in the slow solar wind: 2. In situ evidence. Journal of Geophysical Research, 115. A04104. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1029/2009JA014472

Harrison, R. G., Aplin, K. and Rycroft, M. (2010) Atmospheric electricity coupling between earthquake regions and the ionosphere. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 72 (5-6). 376-381 . ISSN 1364-6826 doi: 10.1016/j.jastp.2009.12.004

Harrison, R. G. and Usoskin, I. G. (2010) Solar modulation in surface atmospheric electricity. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 72 (2-3). pp. 176-182. ISSN 1364-6826 doi: 10.1016/j.jastp.2009.11.006

Lockwood, M. (2010) Solar change and climate: an update in the light of the current exceptional solar minimum. Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 466 (2114). pp. 303-329. ISSN 1364-5021 doi: 10.1098/rspa.2009.0519

Harrison, R. G. (2010) Natural ventilation effects on temperatures within Stevenson screens. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 136 (646). pp. 253-259. ISSN 1477-870X doi: DOI:10.1002/qj.537

Alpin, K.L. and Harrison, R.G. (2010) Compact cosmic ray detector for unattended atmospheric ionisation monitoring. Review of Scientific Instruments, 81 (12). 124501. ISSN 0034-6748 doi: 10.1063/1.3514986

Crooker, N. U. and Owens, M. J. (2010) Impact of coronal mass ejections, interchange reconnection, and disconnection on heliospheric magnetic field strength. In: Solar & Heliospheric Observatory 2010 (SOHO-23), 21-25 Sep 2009 , Northeast Harbor, Maine, USA, pp. 279-286.

Dall’Osto, M., Thorpe, A., Beddows, D. C. S., Harrison, R. M., Barlow, J. F., Dunbar, T. A., Williams, P. I. and Coe, H. (2010) Remarkable dynamics of nanoparticles in the urban atmosphere. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, 10 (12). pp. 30651-30689. ISSN 1680-7375 doi: 10.5194/acpd-10-30651-2010

Duplissy, J., Enghoff, M. B., Aplin, K. L., Arnold, F., Aufmhoff, H., Avngaard, M., Baltensperger, U., Bondo, T., Bingham, R., Carslaw, K., Curtius, J., David, A., Fastrup, B., Gagné, S., Hahn, F., Harrison, R. G., Kellett, B., Kirkby, J., Kulmala, M., Laakso, L., Laaksonen, A., Lillestol, E., Lockwood, M., Mäkelä, J., Makhmutov, V., Marsh, N. D., Nieminen, T., Onnela, A., Pedersen, E., Pedersen, J. O. P., Polny, J., Reichl, U., Seinfeld, J. H., Sipilä, M., Stozhkov, Y., Stratmann, F., Svensmark, H., Svensmark, J., Veenhof, R., Verheggen, B., Viisanen, Y., Wagner, P. E., Wehrle, G., Weingartner, E., Wex, H., Wilhelmsson, M. and Winkler, P. M. (2010) Results from the CERN pilot CLOUD experiment. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 10 (4 ). pp. 1635-1647. ISSN 1680-7316 doi: 10.5194/acp-10-1635-2010

Gray, L. J., Beer, J., Geller, M., Haigh, J.D., Lockwood, M., Matthes, K., Cubasch, U., Fleitmann, D., Harrison, G., Hood, L. , Luterbacher, J. , Meehl, G.A. , Shindell, D. , van Geel, B. and White, W. (2010) Solar influences on climate. Reviews of Geophysics, 48 (RG4001). ISSN 8755-1209 doi: 10.1029/2009RG000282

Luhmann, J. G., Ledvina, S. A., Odstrcil, D., Owens, M. J., Zhao, X.-P., Liu, Y. and Riley, P. (2010) Cone model-based SEP event calculations for applications to multipoint observations. Advances in Space Research, 46 (1). pp. 1-21. ISSN 0273-1177 doi: 10.1016/j.asr.2010.03.011

Owens, M. J., Horbury, T. and Arge, C. N. (2010) Probing the large-scale topology of the heliospheric magnetic field using Jovian electrons. The Astrophysical Journal, 714 (2). pp. 1617-1623. ISSN 0004-637X doi: 10.1088/0004-637X/714/2/1617

Rae, I. J., Kabin, K., Lu, J. Y., Rankin, R., Milan, S. E., Fenrich, F. R., Watt, C. E. J., Zhang, J.-C., Ridley, A. J., Gombosi, T. I., Clauer, C. R., Tóth, G. and DeZeeuw, D. L. (2010) Comparison of the open-closed separatrix in a global magnetospheric simulation with observations: the role of the ring current. Journal of Geophysical Research, 115. A08216. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1029/2009JA015068

Rae, I. J., Watt, C. E. J., Mann, I. R., Murphy, K. R., Samson, J. C., Kabin, K. and Angelopoulos, V. (2010) Optical characterization of the growth and spatial structure of a substorm onset arc. Journal of Geophysical Research, 115. A10222. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1029/2010JA015376

Savani, N., Owens, M. J., Rouillard, A.P., Forsyth, R.J. and Davis, J.A. (2010) Observational evidence of a coronal mass ejection distortion directly attributable to a structured solar wind. The Astrophysical Journal Letters, 714 (1). pp. 128-132. ISSN 0004-637X doi: 10.1088/2041-8205/714/1/L128

Schwadron, N. A., Boyd, A. J., Kozarev, K., Golightly, M., Spence, H., Townsend, L. W. and Owens, M. (2010) Galactic cosmic ray hazard in the unusual extended solar minimum between solar cycle 23 and 24. Space Weather, 8. S00E04. ISSN 1542-7390 doi: 10.1029/2010SW000567

Walsh, A. P., Rae, I. J., Fazakerley, A. N., Murphy, K. R., Mann, I. R., Watt, C. E. J., Volwerk, M., Forsyth, C., Singer, H. J., Donovan, E. F. and Zhang, T. L. (2010) Comprehensive ground-based and in situ observations of substorm expansion phase onset. Journal of Geophysical Research, 115. A00I13. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1029/2010JA015748

Watt, C. E. J. and Rankin, R. (2010) Do magnetospheric shear Alfvén waves generate sufficient electron energy flux to power the aurora? Journal of Geophysical Research, 115. A07224. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1029/2009JA015185

Zhang, Q.-H., Dunlop, M. W., Lockwood, M., Liu, R.-Y., Hu, H.-Q., Yang, H.-G., Hu, Z.-J., Bogdanova, Y. V., Shen, C., Zhang, B.-C., Han, D.-S., Liu, S.-L., McCrea, I. W. and Lester, M. (2010) Simultaneous observations of reconnection pulses at Cluster and their effects on the cusp aurora observed at the Chinese Yellow River station. Journal of Geophysical Research, 115 (A10237). ISSN 2156-2202 doi: 10.1029/2010JA015526

Lockwood, M., Owens, M. J. and Rouillard, A. P. (2009) Excess open solar magnetic flux from satellite data: 1. Analysis of the third perihelion Ulysses pass. Journal of Geophysical Research, 114. A11103. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1029/2009JA014449

Lockwood, M., Owens, M. J. and Rouillard, A. P. (2009) Excess open solar magnetic flux from satellite data: 2. A survey of kinematic effects. Journal of Geophysical Research, 114. A11104. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1029/2009JA014450

Wood, C. R. and Harrison, R. G. (2009) Anthropogenic snowfall events in the UK: examples of urban weather modification? Weather, 64 (10). pp. 277-280. ISSN 0043-1656 doi: 10.1002/wea.407

Lockwood, M. and Owens, M. J. (2009) The accuracy of using the Ulysses result of the spatial invariance of the radial heliospheric field to compute the open solar flux. The Astrophysical Journal, 701 (2). pp. 964-973. ISSN 0004-637X doi: 10.1088/0004-637X/701/2/964

Rouillard, A. P., Savani, N. P., Davies, J. A., Lavraud, B., Forsyth, R. J., Morley, S. K., Opitz, A., Sheeley, N. R., Burlaga, L. F., Sauvaud, J.-A., Simunac, K. D. C., Luhmann, J. G., Galvin, A. B., Crothers, S. R., Davis, C. J., Harrison, R. A., Lockwood, M., Eyles, C. J., Bewsher, D. and Brown, D. S. (2009) A multispacecraft analysis of a small-scale transient entrained by solar wind streams. Solar Physics, 256 (1-2). pp. 307-326. ISSN 0038-0938 doi: 10.1007/s11207-009-9329-6

Davis, C. J., Davies, J. A., Lockwood, M., Rouillard, A. P., Eyles, C. J. and Harrison, R. A. (2009) Stereoscopic imaging of an Earth-impacting solar coronal mass ejection: a major milestone for the STEREO mission. Geophysical Research Letters, 36. L08102. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: 10.1029/2009GL038021

Wood, C. R. and Harrison, R. G., (2009) Some reports of snowfall from fog during the UK winter of 2008/09. Technical Report. ArXiv pp7.

Eyles, C. J., Harrison, R. A., Davis, C., Waltham, N. R., Shaugnessy, B. M., Mapson-Menard, H. C. A., Bewsher, D., Crothers, S. R., Davies, J. A., Simnett, G. M., Howard, R. A., Moses, J. D., Newmark, J. S., Socker, D. G., Halain, J.-P., Defise, J.-M., Mazy, E. and Rochus, P. (2009) The Heliospheric Imagers onboard the STEREO mission. Solar Physics, 254 (2). pp. 387-445. ISSN 0038-0938 doi: 10.1007/s11207-008-9299-0

Lockwood, M., Hairston, M., Finch, I. and Rouillard, A. (2009) Transpolar voltage and polar cap flux during the substorm cycle and steady convection events. Journal of Geophysical Research, 114 (A1). A01210. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1029/2008JA013697

Bennett, A. and Harrison, R. G. (2009) Evidence for global circuit current flow through water droplet layers. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 71 (12). pp. 1219-1221. ISSN 1364-6826 doi: 10.1016/j.jastp.2009.04.011

Cai, H.T., McCrea , I.W., Dunlop, M.W., Davies, J.A., Bogdanova, Y.V., Pitout, F., Milan, S.E., Lockwood, M. and Ma, S.Y. (2009) Cusp observations during a sequence of fast IMF B-Z reversals. Annales Geophysicae, 27 (7). pp. 2721-2737. ISSN 0992-7689 doi: 10.5194/angeo-27-2721-2009

Harrison, R. A., Davis, C. J. and Davies, J. A. (2009) Pre-CME onset fuses: do the STEREO heliospheric imagers hold the clues to the CME onset process? Solar Physics, 259 (1-2). pp. 277-296. ISSN 0038-0938 doi: 10.1007/s11207-009-9417-7

Harrison, R. G. (2009) Two daily smoke maxima in eighteenth century London air. Atmospheric Environment, 43 (6). pp. 1364-1366. ISSN 1352-2310 doi: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2008.11.034

Harrison, R. G. and Ambaum, M. H. P. (2009) Observed atmospheric electricity effect on clouds. Environmental Research Letters, 4 (1). 014003. ISSN 1748-9326 doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/4/1/014003

Harrison, R. G., Heath, A. M., Hogan, R. and Rogers, G. (2009) Comparison of balloon-carried atmospheric motion sensors with Doppler lidar turbulence measurements. Review of Scientific Instruments, 80 (2). 026108. ISSN 0034-6748 doi: 10.1063/1.3086432

Harrison, R. G. and Nicoll, K. A. (2009) A lightweight balloon-carried cloud charge sensor. Review of Scientific Instruments, 80 (1). 014501. ISSN 0034-6748 doi: DOI:10.1063/1.3065090

Lockwood, M., Rouillard, A. P. and Finch, I. D. (2009) The rise and fall of open solar flux during the current grand solar maximum. The Astrophysical Journal, 700 (2). pp. 937-944. ISSN 0004-637X doi: 10.1088/0004-637X/700/2/937

Murphy, K. R., Rae, I. J., Mann, I. R., Milling, D. K., Watt, C. E. J., Ozeke, L., Frey, H. U., Angelopoulos, V. and Russell, C. T. (2009) Wavelet-based ULF wave diagnosis of substorm expansion phase onset. Journal of Geophysical Research, 114. A00C16. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1029/2008JA013548

Murphy, K. R., Rae, I. J., Mann, I. R., Walsh, A. P., Milling, D. K., Watt, C. E. J., Ozeke, L., Frey, H. U., Angelopoulos, V. and Russell, C. T. (2009) Reply to comment by K. Liou and Y.-L. Zhang on ‘Wavelet-based ULF wave diagnosis of substorm expansion phase onset’. Journal of Geophysical Research, 114. A10207. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1029/2009JA014351

Nicoll, K. A. and Harrison, R. G. (2009) Vertical current flow through extensive layer clouds. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 71 (17-18). 2040-2046 . ISSN 1364-6826 doi: 10.1016/j.jastp.2009.09.011

Rae, I. J., Mann, I. R., Angelopoulos, V., Murphy, K. R., Milling, D. K., Kale, A., Frey, H. U., Rostoker, G., Russell, C. T., Watt, C. E. J., Engebretson, M. J., Moldwin, M. B., Mende, S. B., Singer, H. J. and Donovan, E. F. (2009) Near-Earth initiation of a terrestrial substorm. Journal of Geophysical Research, 114. A07220. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1029/2008JA013771

Rae, I. J., Mann, I. R., Murphy, K. R., Milling, D. K., Parent, A., Angelopoulos, V., Frey, H. U., Kale, A., Watt, C. E. J., Mende, S. B. and Russell, C. T. (2009) Timing and localization of ionospheric signatures associated with substorm expansion phase onset. Journal of Geophysical Research, 114. A00C09. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1029/2008JA013559

Rouillard, A. P., Davies, J. A., Forsyth, R. J., Savani, N. P., Sheeley, N. R., Thernisien, A., Zhang, T.-L., Howard, R. A., Anderson, B., Carr, C. M., Tsang, S., Lockwood, M., Scott, C. J., Harrison, R. A., Bewsher, D., Fränz, M., Crothers, S. R., Eyles, C. J., Brown, D. S., Whittaker, I., Hapgood, M., Coates, A. J., Jones, G. H., Grande, M., Frahm, R. A. and Winningham, J. D. (2009) A solar storm observed from the Sun to Venus using the STEREO, Venus Express, and MESSENGER spacecraft. Journal of Geophysical Research, 114 (A7). A07106. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1029/2008JA014034

Watt, C. E. J. and Rankin, R. (2009) Comment on ‘Role of dispersive Alfvén waves in generating parallel electric fields along the Io‐Jupiter fluxtube’ by S. T. Jones and Y.‐J. Su. Journal of Geophysical Research, 114. A04212. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1029/2009JA014083

Watt, C. E. J. and Rankin, R. (2009) Electron trapping in shear Alfvén waves that power the aurora. Physical Review Letters, 102. 045002. ISSN 0031-9007 doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.045002