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Department of Meteorology – University of Reading

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Professor Bryan Lawrence

Professor of Weather and Climate Computing and Director of Models and Data - National Centre for Atmospheric Science (NCAS)

I hold a three-way joint position between the National Centre for Atmospheric Science (NCAS) and the University Departments of Meteorology and Computer Science.


University of Reading: Professor of Weather and Climate Computing

  • See the Advanced Computing for Environmental Sciences website.

NCAS: Director of the Models and Data Division, which includes

  • The Centre for Environmental Data Analysis (CEDA), and
  • Computational Model Services (CMS).

See also my
NCAS staff page.

Research Interests:

  • Storage and I/O at Petascale and beyond
  • Problems in Data Analysis for Atmospheric Science
  • Scientific Data Description and Publication
  • High Resolution and Coupled Climate Computing
  • Performance of Earth System Models
  • Gravity Wave and Physical Parameterisations in models

More on my personal website.

Research Projects:

Currently the three highest profile activities are:

  • The UK Joint Analysis Computing System: JASMIN,
  • The European Centre of Excellence for Weather and Climate Computing (ESIWACE2), and
  • The Infrastructure for the European Network for Earth System Simulation (IS-ENES3).

See also CEDA and CMS which maintain links to projects of interest to me on their project pages (CEDA projects, CMS projects).

Postdoctoral & graduate student supervision


My most recent past students are
  • Matthew Jones, who worked on parallel data analysis tools for environmental "big data" (completed 2017).
  • Annette Osprey, who worked on performance modelling of large computational jobs on high performance computers (completed 2015).

Other interests

  • The use of Python in atmospheric science research and teaching.

Centaur Publications

Jump to: 2023 | 2022 | 2020 | 2019 | 2018 | 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2001 | 2000 | 1999 | 1998 | 1997 | 1996 | 1995 | 1994 | 1993
Number of items: 69.


Galea, Daniel, Hodges, Kevin and Lawrence, Bryan (2023) Investigating differences between Tropical Cyclone detection systems. Artificial Intelligence for the Earth Systems. ISSN 2769-7525 (In Press)

Galea, Daniel, Kunkel, Julian and Lawrence, Bryan N. (2023) TCDetect: a new method of detecting the presence of tropical cyclones using deep learning. Artificial Intelligence for the Earth Systems, 2 (3). ISSN 2769-7525 doi: (In Press)

Hoefler, Torsten ORCID logoORCID:, Stevens, Bjorn ORCID logoORCID:, Prein, Andreas F. ORCID logoORCID:, Baehr, Johanna ORCID logoORCID:, Schulthess, Thomas, Stocker, Thomas F. ORCID logoORCID:, Taylor, John ORCID logoORCID:, Klocke, Daniel ORCID logoORCID:, Manninen, Pekka, Forster, Piers M., Kölling, Tobias, Gruber, Nicolas ORCID logoORCID:, Anzt, Hartwig, Frauen, Claudia ORCID logoORCID:, Ziemen, Florian ORCID logoORCID:, Klöwer, Milan ORCID logoORCID:, Kashinath, Karthik, Schär, Christoph, Fuhrer, Oliver and Lawrence, Bryan N. ORCID logoORCID: (2023) Earth Virtualization Engines: a technical perspective. Computing in Science & Engineering, 25 (3). pp. 50-59. ISSN 1521-9615 doi:


Hallouin, Thibault, Ellis, R. J., Clark, D. B., Dadson, S. J., Hughes, A. G., Lawrence, Bryan N., Lister, Grenville M. S. and Polcher, J. (2022) UniFHy v0.1.1: a community modelling framework for the terrestrial water cycle in Python. Geoscientific Model Development, 15 (24). pp. 9177-9196. ISSN 1991-9603 doi:


Senior, Catherine A., Jones, Colin G., Wood, Richard A., Sellar, Alistair, Belcher, Stephen, Klein‐Tank, Albert, Sutton, Rowan, Walton, Jeremy, Lawrence, Bryan, Andrews, Timothy and Mulcahy, Jane P. (2020) UK community Earth system modelling for CMIP6. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 12 (9). e2019MS002004. ISSN 1942-2466 doi:

Pascoe, Charlotte, Lawrence, Bryan N., Guilyardi, Eric, Juckes, Martin and Taylor, Karl E. (2020) Documenting numerical experiments in support of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 6 (CMIP6). Geoscientific Model Development, 13 (5). pp. 2149-2167. ISSN 1991-9603 doi:

Kershaw, Philip, Halsall, Kevin, Lawrence, Bryan N., Bennett, Victoria, Donegan, Steve, Iwi, Alan, Juckes, Martin, Pechorro, Eduardo, Petrie, Ruth, Singleton, Joe, Stephens, Ag, Waterfall, Alison, Wilson, Anthony and Wood, Alexander (2020) Developing an open data portal for the ESA climate change initiative. Data Science Journal, 19 (1). ISSN 1683-1470 doi:

Juckes, Martin, Taylor, Karl E., Durack, Paul J., Lawrence, Bryan, Mizielinski, Matthew S., Pamment, Alison, Peterschmitt, Jean-Yves, Rixen, Michel and Sénési, Stéphane (2020) The CMIP6 Data Request (DREQ, version 01.00.31). Geoscientific Model Development, 13 (1). pp. 201-224. ISSN 1991-9603 doi:


Asher, Claire, Britton, Ben, Coe, Hugh, Collins, Matthew, Few, Sheridan, Finlayson, Brian, Gilbert, Alyssa, Graven, Heather, Grimmond, Sue ORCID logoORCID:, Haigh, Joanna D., Hawkins, Ed ORCID logoORCID:, Highwood, Ellie, Lawrence, Bryan, Marshall, Shawn, Marsham, John, Shepherd, John, Shine, Keith and Woolings, Tim (2019) 30-second climate: the 50 most topical features, measurements and phenomena, each explained in half a minute. Ivy Press. ISBN 9781782405504


Lawrence, Bryan N., Rezny, Michael, Budich, Reinhard, Bauer, Peter, Behrens, Jörg, Carter, Mick, Deconinck, Willem, Ford, Rupert, Maynard, Christopher, Mullerworth, Steven, Osuna, Carlos, Porter, Andrew, Serradell, Kim, Valcke, Sophie, Wedi, Nils and Wilson, Simon (2018) Crossing the chasm: how to develop weather and climate models for next generation computers? Geoscientific Model Development, 11 (5). pp. 1799-1821. ISSN 1991-9603 doi:

Raoult, Baudouin, Di Fatta, Giuseppe, Pappenberger, Florian and Lawrence, Bryan (2018) Fast retrieval of weather analogues in a multi-petabytes archive using wavelet-based fingerprints. In: International Conference on Computational Science, 11-13 June 2018, Wuxi, China, pp. 697-710. doi:

Balaji, Venkatramani, Taylor, Karl E., Juckes, Martin, Lawrence, Bryan N., Durack, Paul J., Lautenschlager, Michael, Blanton, Chris, Cinquini, Luca, Denvil, Sébastien, Elkington, Mark, Guiglielmo, Francesca, Guilyardi, Eric, Hassell, David, Kharin, Slava, Kindermann, Stefan, Nikonov, Sergey, Radhakrishnan, Aparna, Stockhause, Martina, Weigel, Tobias and Williams, Dean (2018) Requirements for a global data infrastructure in support of CMIP6. Geoscientific Model Development, 11 (9). pp. 3659-3680. ISSN 1991-9603 doi:


Balaji, V., Maisonnave, E., Zadeh, N., Lawrence, B. N., Biercamp, J., Fladrich, U., Aloisio, G., Benson, R., Caubel, A., Durachta, J., Foujols, M.-A., Lister, G., Mocavero, S., Underwood, S. and Wright, G. (2017) CPMIP: measurements of real computational performance of Earth system models in CMIP6. Geoscientific Model Development, 10 (1). pp. 19-34. ISSN 1991-9603 doi:

Hassell, David, Gregory, Jonathan, Blower, Jon, Lawrence, Bryan N. and Taylor, Karl E. (2017) A data model of the Climate and Forecast metadata conventions (CF-1.6) with a software implementation (cf-python v2.1). Geoscientific Model Development, 10 (12). pp. 4619-4646. ISSN 1991-9603 doi:


Eyring, Veronika, Gleckler, Peter J., Heinze, Christoph, Stouffer, Ronald J., Taylor, Karl E., Balaji, V., Guilyardi, Eric, Joussaume, Sylvie, Kindermann, Stephan, Lawrence, Bryan N., Meehl, Gerald A., Righi, Mattia and Williams, Dean N. (2016) Towards improved and more routine Earth system model evaluation in CMIP. Earth System Dynamics, 7 (4). pp. 813-830. ISSN 2190-4987 doi:

Jones, Matthew, Blower, Jon, Lawrence, Bryan and Osprey, Annette (2016) Investigating read performance of Python and NetCDF when using HPC parallel filesystems. In: Taufer, Michela, Mohr, Bernd and Kunkel, Julian M. (eds.) High Performance Computing. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 9945. Springer International Publishing, Cham, Switzerland, pp. 153-168. ISBN 9783319460789 doi:

Watson-Parris, Duncan, Schutgens, Nick, Cook, Nicholas, Kipling, Zak, Kershaw, Philip, Gryspeerdt, Edward, Lawrence, Bryan and Stier, Philip (2016) Community Intercomparison Suite (CIS) v1.4.0: a tool for intercomparing models and observations. Geoscientific Model Development, 9 (9). pp. 3093-3110. ISSN 1991-9603 doi:


Parton, Graham A., Donegan, Steven, Pascoe, Stephen, Stephens, Ag, Ventouras, Spiros and Lawrence, Bryan N. (2015) MOLES3: implementing an ISO standards driven data catalogue. International Journal of Digital Curation, 10 (1). pp. 249-259. ISSN 1746-8256 doi:


Mizielinski, M. S., Roberts, M. J., Vidale, P. L., Schiemann, R., Demory, M.-E., Strachan, J., Edwards, T., Stephens, A., Lawrence, B. N., Pritchard, M., Chiu, P., Iwi, A., Churchill, J., del Cano Novales, C., Kettleborough, J., Roseblade, W., Selwood, P., Foster, M., Glover, M. and Malcolm, A. (2014) High resolution global climate modelling; the UPSCALE project, a large simulation campaign. Geoscientific Model Development, 7 (4). pp. 1629-1640. ISSN 1991-9603 doi:

Blower, Jonathan, Alegre, Raquel, Bennett, Victoria L., Clifford, Debbie, Kershaw, Philip J., Lawrence, Bryan, Lewis, Jane, Marsh, Kevin, Nagni, Maurizio, O'Neill, Alan and Phipps, Rhona (2014) Understanding climate data through commentary metadata: the CHARMe project. Communications in Computer and Information Science, 416. pp. 28-39. ISSN 1865-0929 doi: (Theory and Practice of Digital Libraries -- TPDL 2013 Selected Workshops)

Osprey, Annette, Riley, Graham D., Manjunathaiah, Manju and Lawrence, Bryan (2014) The development of a data-driven application benchmarking approach to performance modelling. In: 2014 International Conference on High Performance Computing Simulation (HPCS), 21-25 July 2014, Bologna, Italy, pp. 715-723.

Moine, M.-P., Valcke, S., Lawrence, Bryan N., Pascoe, C., Ford, R. W., Alias, A., Balaji, V., Bentley, P., Devine, Gerard, Callaghan, S. A. and Guilyardi, Eric (2014) Development and exploitation of a controlled vocabulary in support of climate modelling. Geoscientific Model Development, 7 (2). pp. 479-493. ISSN 1991-9603 doi:

Bennett, Victoria, Kershaw, Philip, Pritchard, Matt, Churchill, Jonathan, Del Cano Novales, Cristina, Juckes, Martin, Pascoe, Stephen, Pepler, Sam, Stephens, Ag, Lawrence, Bryan, Muller, Jan-Peter, Kaharbouche, Said, Latter, Barry and Styles, Jon (2014) EO science from big EO data on the JASMIN-CEMS infrastructure. In: 2014 conference on Big Data from Space (BiDS’14), 12-14 November 2014, Frascati, pp. 53-55.


Lawrence, B. N., Bennett, V. L., Churchill, J., Juckes, M., Kershaw, P., Pascoe, S., Pepler, S., Priitchard, M. and Stephens, A. (2013) Storing and manipulating environmental big data with JASMIN. In: IEEE Big Data, October 6-9, 2013, San Francisco.

Osprey, Annette, Lawrence, Bryan, Manjunathaiah, M. and Riley, Graham (2013) A benchmark-driven modelling approach for evaluating deployment choices on a multi-core architecture. In: Exascale Applications and Software Conference, Edinburgh, U.K.

Osprey, A, Riley, GD, Manjunathaiah, M and Lawrence, BN (2013) A benchmark-driven modelling approach for evaluating deployment choices on a multicore architecture. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Parallel & Distributed Processing Techniques & Application (PDPTA'13), July 22-25 2013, Las Vegas.


Lawrence, B.N., Balaji, V., Bentley, P., Callaghan, S., DeLuca, C., Denvil, S., Devine, G., Elkington, M., Ford, R.W., Guilyardi, Eric, Lautenschlager, M., Morgan, M., Moine, M.-P., Murphy, S., Pascoe, C., Ramthun, H., Slavin, P., Steenman-Clark, L., Toussaint, F., Treshansky, A. and Valcke, S. (2012) Describing Earth system simulations with the Metafor CIM. Geoscientific Model Development, 5 (6). pp. 1493-1500. ISSN 1991-9603 doi:

Shaon, Arif, Callaghan, Sarah, Lawrence, Bryan N, Matthews, Brian, Osborn, Timothy, Harpham, Colin and Woolf, Andrew (2012) Opening up climate research: A linked data approach to publishing data provenance. International Journal of Digital Curation, 7 (1). pp. 163-173. ISSN 1746-8256 doi:


Shaon, Arif, Callaghan, Sarah, Lawrence, Bryan, Matthews, Brian, Woolf, Andrew, Osborn, Timothy and Harpham, Colin (2011) A linked data approach to publishing complex scientific workflows. In: 2011 IEEE Seventh International Conference on eScience, 5-8 Dec 2011, Stockholm, pp. 303-310.

Williams, Dean N, Lawrence, Bryan N, Lautenschlager, Michael, Middleton, Don and Balaji, V. (2011) The Earth System Grid Federation: delivering globally accessible petascale data for CMIP5. In: Proceedings of the 32nd Asia-Pacific Advanced Network Meeting, New Delhi, pp. 121-130.

Guilyardi, Eric, Balaji, V., Callaghan, Sarah, DeLuca, Cecelia, Devine, Gerry, Denvil, Sebastien, Ford, Rupert, Pascoe, Charlotte, Lautenschlager, Michael, Lawrence, Bryan N., Steenman-Clark, Lois and Valcke, Sophie (2011) The CMIP5 model and simulation documentation: a new standard for climate modelling metadata. CLIVAR Exchanges, 56: 16 (2). pp. 42-46. ISSN 1026-0471

Lawrence, Bryan, Jones, C., Matthews, B., Pepler, S. and Callaghan, S (2011) Citation and peer review of data: moving towards formal data publication. International Journal of Digital Curation, 6 (2). pp. 4-37. ISSN 1746-8256 doi:

Williams, Dean N., Taylor, Karl E., Cinquini, Luca, Evans, Ben, Kawamiya, Michio, Lautenschlager, Michael, Lawrence, Bryan, Middleton, Don and ESGF Contributors, (2011) The Earth System Grid Federation: software framework supporting CMIP5 data analysis and dissemination. CLIVAR Exchanges, 56: 16 (2). pp. 40-42.

Sayer, A. M., Poulsen, C. A., Arnold, C., Campmany, E., Dean, S., Ewen, G. B. L., Grainger, R. G., Lawrence, Bryan N., Siddans, R., Thomas, G. E. and Watts, P. D. (2011) Global retrieval of ATSR cloud parameters and evaluation (GRAPE): dataset assessment. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11 (8). pp. 3913-3936. ISSN 1680-7316 doi:

Kershaw, Philip, Ananthakrishnan, Rachana, Cinquini, Luca, Heimbigner, Dennis and Lawrence, Bryan (2011) A modular access control architecture for the Earth system grid federation. In: International Conference on Grid Computing and Applications (GCA '11), 6-8 Jul 2011, Las Vegas, NV, pp. 3-9.


Callaghan, S. A., Treshansky, A., Moine, M., Guilyardi, E., Alias, A., Balaji, V., Bojariu, R., Cofino, A. S., Denvil, S., Elkington, M., Ford, R., Kolaninski, M., Lautenschlager, M., Lawrence, Bryan, Steenman-Clark, Lois and Valcke, S. (2010) The METAFOR project: preserving data through metadata standards for climate models and simulations. In: Proceedings of the 1st International Digital Preservation Interoperability Framework Symposium, April 21 - 23 2010, Dresden, Germany, 6:1-6:8.

Thomas, G. E., Poulsen, C. A., Siddans, R., Sayer, A. M., Carboni, E., Marsh, S. H., Dean, S. M., Grainger, R. G. and Lawrence, Bryan N. (2010) Validation of the GRAPE single view aerosol retrieval for ATSR-2 and insights into the long term global AOD trend over the ocean. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 10 (10). pp. 4849-4866. ISSN 1680-7316 doi:


Lowe, D., Woolf, A., Lawrence, Bryan and Pascoe, S. (2009) Integrating the Climate Science Modelling Language with geospatial software and services. International Journal of Digital Earth, 2 (S1). pp. 29-39. ISSN 1753-8955 doi:

Lawrence, Bryan, Lowry, R., Miller, P., Snaith, H. and Woolf, A. (2009) Information in environmental data grids. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 367 (1890). pp. 1003-1014. ISSN 1364-503X doi:

Latham, S.E., Cramer, R., Grant, M., Kershaw, P., Lawrence, Bryan, Lowry, R., Lowe, D., O'Neill, K., Miller, P., Pascoe, S., Pritchard, M., Snaith, H. and Woolf, A. (2009) The NERC DataGrid services. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 367 (1890). pp. 1015-1019. ISSN 1364-503X doi:

Juckes, Martin and Lawrence, Bryan (2009) Inferred variables in data assimilation: quantifying sensitivity to inaccurate error statistics. Tellus Series A: Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography, 61 (1). pp. 129-143. ISSN 1600-0870 doi:

Thomas, G. E., Poulsen, C. A., Sayer, A. M., Marsh, S. H., Dean, S. M., Carboni, E., Siddans, R., Grainger, R. G. and Lawrence, Bryan N. (2009) The GRAPE aerosol retrieval algorithm. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 2 (2). pp. 679-701. ISSN 1867-8548 doi:


Bulgin, Claire E., Palmer, P.I., Thomas, G.E., Arnold, C.P.G., Campmany, E., Carboni, E., Grainger, R.G., Poulsen, C., Siddans, R. and Lawrence, Bryan (2008) Regional and seasonal variations of the Twomey indirect effect as observed by the ATSR-2 satellite instrument. Geophysical Research Letters, 35. L02811. ISSN 0094-8276 doi:


Dean, S M, Flowerdew, J, Lawrence, B N and Eckermann, S D (2007) Parameterisation of orographic cloud dynamics in a GCM. Climate Dynamics, 28 (6). pp. 581-597. ISSN 0930-7575 doi:


Jones, C. and Lawrence, B. (2006) CLADDIER: Citation, location and deposition in discipline and institutional repositories. D-Lib Magazine, 12 (2). ISSN 1082-9873

Juckes, M. and Lawrence, B. (2006) Data assimilation for re-analyses: potential gains from full use of post-analysis-time observations. Tellus A, 58 (2). pp. 171-178. ISSN 1600-0870 doi:

Fraser, G J, Marsh, S H, Baggaley, W J, Bennett, R G T, Lawrence, B N, McDonald, A J and Plank, G E (2006) Small-scale structures in common-volume meteor wind measurements. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 68 (3-5). pp. 317-322. ISSN 1364-6826 doi:


Dean, SM, Lawrence, B.N., Grainger, RG and Heuff, DN (2005) Orographic cloud in a GCM: the missing cirrus. Climate Dynamics, 24 (7). pp. 771-780. ISSN 0930-7575

Woolf, A., Cramer, R., Gutierrez, M., Dam, K.K., Kondapalli, S., Latham, S., Lawrence, B., Lowry, R. and O'Neill, K. (2005) Standards-based data interoperability in the climate sciences. Meteorological Applications, 12 (1). pp. 9-22. ISSN 1469-8080


Ajtic, J., Connor, B. J., Lawrence, B. N., Bodeker, G. E., Hoppel, K. W., Rosenfield, J. E. and Heuff, D. N. (2004) Dilution of the Antarctic ozone hole into southern midlatitudes, 1998-2000. Journal of Geophysical Research, 109 (D17). D17107. ISSN 0148-0227 doi:

Grant, J., Grainger, R. G., Lawrence, B. N., Fraser, G. J., Von Biel, H. A., Heuff, D. N. and Plank, G. E. (2004) Retrieval of mesospheric electron densities using an optimal estimation inverse method. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 66 (5). pp. 381-392. ISSN 1364-6826 doi:


Ajtic, J., Connor, B. J., Randall, C. E., Lawrence, B. N., Bodecker, G. E., Rosenfeld, J. E. and Heuff, D. N. (2003) Antarctic air over New Zealand following vortex breakdown in 1998. Annales Geophysicae, 21 (11). pp. 2175-2183. ISSN 0992-7689 doi:

Stephens, A., Marsh, K. P. and Lawrence, B. N. (2003) Presenting a multi-terabyte dataset via the web. Proceedings of the ECMWF Ninth Workshop on Meteorological Operational Systems.


Gray, L.J., Drysdale, E.F., Lawrence, Bryan N and Dunkerton, T.J. (2001) Model studies of the interannual variability of the northern-hemisphere stratospheric winter circulation: the role of the quasi-biennial oscillation. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 127 (574). pp. 1413-1432. ISSN 1477-870X doi:

Lawrence, B N (2001) A gravity-wave induced quasi-biennial oscillation in a three-dimensional mechanistic model. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 127 (576). pp. 2005-2021. ISSN 1477-870X doi:

Osprey, S.M. and Lawrence, B.N. (2001) A possible mechanism for in situ forcing of planetary waves in the summer extratropical mesosphere. Geophysical Research Letters, 28 (7). pp. 1183-1186. ISSN 0094-8276 doi:


Frame, D J, Lawrence, B N, Fraser, G J and Burrage, M D (2000) A comparison between mesospheric wind measurements made near Christchurch (44 S, 173 E) using the high resolution doppler imager (HRDI) and a medium frequency (MF) radar. Annales Geophysicae, 18 (5). pp. 555-565. ISSN 0992-7689 doi:


Rosier, S M and Lawrence, B N (1999) The January 1992 stratospheric sudden warming: A role for tropical inertial instability? Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 125 (559). pp. 2575-2596. ISSN 1477-870X doi:


Plagmann, M., Marsh, S H, Baggaley, W J, Bennett, R G T, Deutsch, K A, Fraser, G J, Hernandez, G., Lawrence, B N, Plank, G E and Smith, R W (1998) Annual variation of airglow heights derived from wind measurements. Geophysical Research Letters, 25 (24). pp. 4457-4460. ISSN 0094-8276 doi:


Lawrence, B.N. (1997) The Effect of Parameterized Gravity Wave Drag on Simulations of the Middle Atmosphere During Northern Winter 1991/1992-General Evolution. NATO ASI SERIES I GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE, 50. pp. 291-308.

Lawrence, Bryan N (1997) Some aspects of the sensitivity of stratospheric climate simulation to model lid height. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ALL SERIES-, 102. p. 23. doi:


Lawrence, Bryan N. and Randel, W.J. (1996) Variability in the mesosphere observed by the Nimbus 6 pressure modulator radiometer. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ALL SERIES-, 101. p. 23. doi:

Joshi, M M, Lawrence, B N and Lewis, S R (1996) The effect of spatial variations in unresolved topography on gravity wave drag in the Martian atmosphere. Geophysical Research Letters, 23 (21). pp. 2927-2930. ISSN 0094-8276 doi:


Lawrence, Bryan N, Fraser, G.J., Vincent, R.A. and Phillips, A. (1995) The 4-day wave in the Antarctic mesosphere. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ALL SERIES-, 100. p. 18. doi:

Joshi, M M, Lawrence, B N and Lewis, S R (1995) Gravity wave drag in three-dimensional atmospheric models of Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research, 100 (E10). pp. 21235-21245. ISSN 0148-0227 doi:

Stone, E M, Stanford, J L, Ziemke, J R, Allen, D R, Taylor, F W, Rodgers, C D, Lawrence, B N, Fishbein, E F, Elson, L S and Waters, J W (1995) Space-time integrity of improved stratospheric and mesospheric sounder and microwave limb sounder temperature fields at Kelvin wave scales. Journal of Geophysical Research, 100 (D7). pp. 14089-14096. ISSN 0148-0227 doi:


Rosier, SM, Lawrence, Bryan N, Andrews, DG and Taylor, FW (1994) Dynamical evolution of the Northern stratosphere in early winter 1991-92, as observed by the improved Stratospheric and Mesospheric Sounder. Journal of the atmospheric sciences, 51 (20). pp. 2783-2799. doi:<2783:DEOTNS>2.0.CO;2

Ruth, SL, Remedios, JJ, Lawrence, Bryan N and Taylor, FW (1994) Measurements of N2O by the UARS improved stratospheric and mesospheric sounder during the early northern winter 1991/92. Journal of the atmospheric sciences, 51 (20). pp. 2818-2833. doi:<2818:MONBTI>2.0.CO;2


Reburn, W J, Remedios, J J, Ballard, J., Lawrence, B N and Taylor, F W (1993) Measurements of stratospheric NO2 by the improved stratospheric and mesospheric sounder. Geophysical Research Letters, 20 (12). pp. 1231-1234. ISSN 0094-8276 doi:

This list was generated on Mon Dec 4 11:29:45 2023 UTC.

Last update: 27th February 2023



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