Reading Research Blog

Think you’re an individual? Here are seven reasons why you’re not

Reading ecologist Professor Tom Oliver has written a new book, The Self Delusion, which explores how people, animals, plants and the planet we live on are all intimately connected – and why that matters. We’ve dug out some surprising science from the book which will make you re-think just how individual you are.

1. We’re only half human

Our bodies contain 37 trillion human cells, and roughly the same number of bacterial cells. Every surface of our bodies – from our faces to our armpits, from the insides of our mouths to the deepest depths of our guts – are covered in these microbes. We have over 1,000 bacterial species in our mouths, 440 in our elbow joints and 125 species behind our ears.

 

 

2. We’re part of a constantly recycling soup of molecules

We shed about 1 million microscopic particles every hour, including a mix of microbial cells which form our own unique ‘fingerprint’. When you share a room with someone, every breath you take contains molecules that were part of their body. Each lungful is a dense fog including molecules that were also part of countless other plants and animals, even dinosaurs that lived millions of years ago.

Reading research could shed light on how dinosaurs got so big.

3. You’re not who you were five minutes ago

Your brain is composed of around 170 billion neurons with the connections between them being formed and lost at a rate of up to 250,000 every second. The pattern of connections in your brain determines your personality, so it could be said that you are not exactly the same person that you were five minutes ago.

4. We don’t get all of our genes from our parents

Human cells have around 24,000 genes in their DNA. We think of all of our genes as coming from our parents, but around 145 have travelled horizontally across the tree of life, carried into our genetic code by viruses that have infected us in the past. This makes the ‘tree’ of life a great interconnected network – it’s actually more of a tangled hedge.

5. No person is an island

The neural network in your brain is altered by every word, touch or pheromone* that you receive from other people. That means that our inner selves are constantly connected to, and altered by, others.

*chemicals released by our bodies which have an effect on the behaviour or bodily functions of others.

6. ‘Group think’ is real

Ideas, behaviours and preferences flow between us in a way that makes it unclear where one mind ends and another begins. Through social networks we can influence other people’s taste in music, voting choices or obesity risk even though we may never have met them.

7. No idea, thought or invention is entirely new

We like to think of inventors as lone geniuses. But the incandescent lightbulb, thermometer, telephone, steamboat and hypodermic needle were all invented simultaneously by multiple people in different locations. Inventions are usually an inevitable next step in a long chain of interdependent innovations – not the domain of a lone genius, but the outcome of the whole interconnected human endeavour.

When people recognise how interconnected they are with nature they tend to be happier, have a greater sense of autonomy and personal growth, and are more likely to protect the environment. When they recognise their interconnectedness to other people they are less anxious, feel a greater sense of wellbeing and have more empathy.

Professor Oliver’s new book explores how re-thinking our sense of self could hold the key to tackling the enormous challenges we will face in the coming decades.

The Self Delusion by Tom Oliver is published on 23 January 2020. There will be a launch event for the book on the same day at 7.30pm at Waterstones in Reading. Professor Oliver will also give a public lecture exploring themes from his book on 26 February – see details.

 

REF is coming – grab every chance to promote your research

As 2020 begins, the the Research Excellence Framework submission date is on the horizon. Professor Parveen Yaqoob, Pro-Vice Chancellor for Research, outlines how to make use of every available opportunity to promote your research in the run-up to REF.

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What can archaeology tell us about medieval medical care?

Prayer and good food were long thought to be the main cures for sickness used by medieval monks, but a new book by Professor Roberta Gilchrist shows that they had more sophisticated medical treatments at their fingertips – from preventative hygiene to prosthetics.

A 16th-century drawing showing distillation equipment in use
A 16th-century drawing showing distillation equipment in use (Wellcome Collection CC BY 40, Public Domain, Roesslin ‘Kreuterbuch’/ Herbal)

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Climate change: six positive news stories from 2019

Extreme weather events may be becoming more frequent, but at least we’re getting better at forecasting them. Professor Hannah Cloke contributes to a round-up of some good news stories about climate change from the past year published in The Conversation.

Flooding in Mozambique following Cyclone Idai, March 2019. Image credit: Denis Onyodi/Red Cross Red Crescent Climate Centre
Flooding in Mozambique following Cyclone Idai, March 2019. Image credit: Denis Onyodi/Red Cross Red Crescent Climate Centre

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Our most popular papers of 2019

Which Reading research publications got the most attention across the globe in 2019? We’ve scoured Altmetric data to bring you the top ten most talked about Reading-authored papers of the past year.

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Uncovering the full picture of the UK’s food poverty issue

An estimated 8.4 million people in the UK struggle to get enough to eat and rely on food hand-outs, according to the UN. Volunteering at a community kitchen inspired PhD student Sabine Mayeux to investigate how they are addressing food poverty in the UK. She talked to Sarah Harrop about her research.

Growing up in Indonesia, Sabine Mayeux witnessed poverty from a young age and has always wanted to do something about it.

During her postgraduate degree in London she found herself struggling to make ends meet while she balanced study with minimum wage jobs and high rent, and discovered a community kitchen called Foodcycle.

“I had to rely on community kitchens to eat during some of my studies – they are actually very popular among students and other low income groups,” she explains.

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