Reading Research Blog

Opening up new opportunities with Open Access

International Open Access Week is in its tenth year between October 22 and 26. The University of Reading is holding a series of events to highlight the importance of Open Access, in theory and practice, throughout the week.

The principle behind Open Access is that access to knowledge should be available to anyone. This is a core value of the University of Reading, and the University wholeheartedly supports efforts to bring the output of our research into the public domain.

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Diagnostic labels for mental health conditions are not always useful

Putting a name to a mental health condition can allow faster access to public services and supportive patient groups – but these diagnostic labels are of limited use to clinicians and can stigmatise the patient. In a recent post for The Conversation, Reading neuroscientist Professor Bhismadev Chakrabarti says it’s time to focus on individual functional need rather than labels.

Image credit: Mark Turnauckas/flickr, CC-BY-2.0

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From veterinary tools to video games – the MERL redevelopment two years on

Director of the Museum of English Rural Life (The MERL), Kate Arnold-Forster, reflects on a recent overhaul to transform a niche-interest collection of farming objects to a museum for all, exploring the link between land and people.  Read on, and join Kate on 25th October, when she presents the next Reading 2050 lecture.

Detail from a wall hanging designed for the 1951 Festival of Britain by ‘the lost modernist’ Michael O’Connell which can be seen in MERL’s new galleries.

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A ‘polluter pays’ food tax would hit poor households hardest

The food we consume and its production has a huge carbon footprint – so should food be taxed according to the emissions it produces? On World Food Day, Dr Ariane Kehlbacher tells us about her research, which shows that such a tax would affect low-income households the hardest.

Taxing food based on greeenhouse gas emissions would hit poorer people hardest.

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Five tips to reduce your food waste

Around one third of the food we produce ends up in the bin, and household food waste counts for over 50% of that figure. Today is UN World Food Day 2018, themed this year around #ZeroHunger with a focus on the difference that cutting down on food waste would make. Here, the Institute for Food, Nutrition and Health’s Dr Natalie Masento shares her top five tips on cutting down food waste in the home.

We waste one third of the food that we produce, and household waste accounts for 53% of that figure.

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A river runs through it

Last month, researchers from the Loddon Observatory – a unique research, teaching and innovation project based around a river basin – showcased their work to academics and colleagues. Sarah Harrop went along to find out more.

The humble river Loddon is hidden under a Basingstoke shopping centre for much of its first mile. It meanders for 28 miles before joining the Thames in the Berkshire village of Wargrave.  So far, so unremarkable. But this river and the 400 square miles it drains – the Loddon catchment – is home to a unique University of Reading experiment which combines research and teaching to figure out how societies can live more sustainably.

The Loddon Observatory links up researchers from disciplines as disparate as typography and geography with farmers, businesses and government agencies. The idea is that by coming together to focus their attention on problems within the Loddon catchment, they can achieve far more than they would if working in isolation.

On 25 September, Loddon Observatory researchers held a Showcase at the University to demonstrate their work through posters and quickfire talks. Here is a taster of some of its many research projects.

Wiser land use

The LANDWISE project looks at using natural processes to reduce the risk of flooding, by slowing the flow of water through the landscape and finding ways to store it.

“If we think of our landscape as a bucket, we are asking what we can do to make this bucket as big as we can, but keep it from filling up so there’s enough space to absorb rain,” says project lead Dr Jo Clark, who is the Observatory’s Director.

The four-year, NERC-funded project will study whether natural flood management ideas suggested by those who own and manage the land can make a difference. These include changing the type of crops grown, altering how the land is prepared for sowing crops, and planting more trees.

Flood survival tips

Josefina Bravo is a Typography and Graphic Communication PhD student at Reading who is developing visual information to help prepare people in the event of a flood. She works in partnership with volunteers who have experienced floods first-hand. This gives her insights into which designs of leaflets and information materials work best to engage people at risk.

“Most people encounter emergency information at the time of the emergency and not before. That’s why it is critical that information is clear and quick to absorb, but also that invites use before the flood is imminent,” she explains.

Josefina Bravo develops leaflets for flood preparedness working with those who have experienced floods first-hand to gain their insights.
Josefina Bravo’s flood preparedness leaflets, developed with insights from those who have experienced flooding first-hand.

Benefiting bees

Bees and pollinating insects benefit from wildflower strips and other bee-friendly land cover.
Wildflower strips within crops provide vital habitats and foraging areas for bees and other pollinators. Image credit: Agroscope, Flickr, CC BY-ND 2.0

Many crops depend on pollination by bees and other insects. But intensive farming reduces their diversity and numbers by squeezing out semi-natural habitats and making landscapes less varied. Concerns are mounting that there now aren’t enough pollinators to ‘service’ the UK’s crops.

Dr Emma Gardner’s research maps the types of landscape cover available and how good they are for supporting pollinators. This includes looking at how far apart nesting and foraging for bees are – since some bees can fly far from home and others have a very short range. Her research is calibrating models which predict bee populations with real-life measurements.

“We are trying to optimise the models to get them to better agree with reality. Then we can map the whole of the UK, see where the bee populations are struggling, and try some interventions to help them,” she explains.

Safer drinking water

Metaldehyde, the toxic compound used in slug pellets, can enter the water supply after heavy rains and end up in our drinking water. The chemical is widely used by gardeners and farmers to help grow vegetables, but that has to be balanced with keeping drinking water clean and the cost associated with removing it from the water supply. Charlotte Hawkins’ PhD research is using water samples from the Loddon catchment to calibrate and refine the tests used to measure pesticides in water to make them more accurate.

Find out more about the Loddon Observatory

Tackling teenage depression

Depression is now the world’s leading health problem, causing more disability than any other disease according to the World Health Organisation. Reading neuroscientist Dr Ciara McCabe tells us about her research on teenage depression – which uses chocolate to investigate the brain’s reward centres.

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IPCC 1.5℃ report: here’s what the climate science says

We must take urgent action on an unprecedented scale to keep global warming to no more than 1.5 degrees C says the IPCC’s new report, released today. Reading Professor Keith Shine explains the science behind the headlines in a new post for The Conversation.

The world’s climate scientists have spoken: if we want to limit human-induced global warming to 1.5℃ we probably can. But it will be tough, given where we’re starting from.

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