Current Research Projects
Advancing the Science for Aviation and ClimAte
Avoiding Dangerous Climate Change
Radiative forcing is a useful predictor of globally-averaged temperature change. CAMS provides estimates of the climate forcing of aerosol, ozone and greenhouse gases.
CRESCENDO: Understanding aerosols and chemically reactive gases within CMIP6 and climate change
CSSP China: Aerosols and regional dynamics
We are working to understand the regional climate responses to changes in anthropogenic aerosol changes since the 1980s, and to explosive volcanic eruptions. We are investigating the physical drivers of changes in seasonal-mean climate and temperature and precipitation extremes, and changes in circulation patterns that make poor air quality events more likely.
CSSP China: VIEWpoint
This project will deliver an online platform collating CSSP China outputs, and support the uptake of climate services in China.
Dust-AtmospHere-Land Interactions in East Asia
This is a Newton Funded project, part of CSSP China. DAHLIA will examine the significance of interactions between the land surface, dust emissions, dust-atmosphere impacts (including precipitation, droughts, flooding, air quality), and impacts of these processes which feedback onto factors driving dust emission itself (such as surface winds and surface properties).
Climate and air quality impacts of short-lived climate pollutants
ECLIPSE is a EU FP7 Collaborative Project, aiming to develop and assess effective emission abatement strategies for short-lived climate forcers in order to provide sound scientific advice on measures that mitigate climate change and improve air quality at the same time.
EMERGENCE will assess the impact of climate change on climate hazards in the past and present and project forward their changes into the future. EMERGENCE focuses on the next 30 years because of the relevance of this time scale for adaptation strategies produced by governments, businesses and individuals.
PIs: Turner, Wilcox, Hawkins
Metrology for Aerosol OPtical Properties
MAPP is an EU-funded project led by PMOD-Davos aimed to provide metrological traceability to atmospheric remote sensing of aerosol optical properties from sunphotometers. UoR will be involved in estimating the reduced uncertainty in global aerosol radiative forcing due to improved instrumentation metrology.
PRIMAVERA: Process-based climate simulation: Advances in high-resolution modelling and European climate risk assessment
Improving understanding of causes of periods where the rate of global-mean surface temperature is increased or decreased at decadal time-scales compared with long term (multi-decadal) trends. The multi-disciplinary research team are seeking to understand both the slowdown in the rate of warming since the late 1990s and also earlier hiatus and surge events.
The Role of dust in the Climate System
UK Earth System Model development
Past Research Projects
Cloud and Aerosols Radiative Impact and Forcing – characterizing biomass burning aerosol and its impact on clouds over the southeast Atlantic
Evaluating the CLimate and Air Quality ImPacts of Short-livEd Pollutants
EUropean CLimate and weather Events: Interpretation and Attribution
EUCLEIA facilitated new scientific developments that provided the foundation of an operational attribution service.
Improving our understanding of the Saharan Climate System and its interactions with mineral dust
Monitoring Atmospheric Composition and Climate
The impacts of aerosol on climate and the water cycle
Aerosol affects the hydrological cycle through a range of mechanisms: perturbing the net radiation input at the surface and the top of the atmosphere, altering the microphysics of clouds, and changing the temperature structure of the atmosphere. PAGODA identified aerosol influences on the water cycle, and quantified the relative importance of sources of uncertainty in aerosol radiative forcing.
Saharan West African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analyses – examining the impact of model resolution and convective parameterization on dust over West Africa
South American Biomass Burning Analysis – Examining the impact of biomass burning aerosol on cloud development over South America