Publications and Reports

CZAP Archive Reports

CZAP Archive Report 1  – Excavations at Bestansur 17th March – 24th April 2012

CZAP Archive Report 2 – Excavations at Bestansur and Shimshara 18th August – 27th September 2012, Survey in Zarzi Region January 2013

CZAP Archive Report 3 – Excavations at Bestansur 21st March – 24th April 2013

CZAP Archive Report 4 – Excavations at Bestansur and Shimshara 15th August – 2nd October 2013

CZAP Archive Report 5 – Excavations at Bestansur 22nd March – 27th April 2014

CZAP Archive Report 6 – Excavations at Bestansur 26th March – 15th April 2016

CZAP Archive Report 7 – Excavations at Bestansur 1st April – 15th May 2017

MENTICA End of Season Report 1 – Excavations at Bestansur March – June 2019

MENTICA End of Season Report 2 – Excavations at Bestansur and Zarzi September – December 2021

Books and Articles

Bendrey, R., Richardson, A., Elliott, S. & Whitlam, J. 2014. Environmental archaeologies of Neolithisation: Europe, Environmental Archaeology Special Issue 19:3, 181-183, DOI: 10.1179/1749631414Y.0000000038

Bendrey, R., Richardson, A., Elliott, S. & Whitlam, J. 2015. Environmental archaeologies of Neolithisation: Old World case studies, Environmental Archaeology Special Issue 20:3, 221-224, DOI: 10.1179/1749631415Y.0000000020

Bendrey, R., Whitlam, J., Elliott, S., Aziz, K.R., Matthews, R. & Matthews, W. 2016. ‘Seasonal rhythms’ of a rural Kurdish village: ethnozooarchaeological research in Bestansur, Iraq. In L.G. Broderick (ed.) People with Animals: Perspectives & Studies in Ethnozooarchaeology. Oxford: Oxbow Books, 42-56.

de Groene, D., Bendrey, R., & Matthews, R. 2021. Pigs in the Neolithic of the Eastern Fertile Crescent: New evidence from Pre-Pottery Neolithic Bestansur and Shimshara, Iraqi Kurdistan (7800–7100 BC). International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, 31:6, 1258–69. DOI:10.1002/oa.3035

Elliott, S., Bendrey, R., Whitlam, J., Rauf Aziz, K. & Evans, J. 2015. Preliminary ethnoarchaeological research on modern animal husbandry in Bestansur, Iraqi Kurdistan: Integrating animal, plant and environmental data. Environmental Archaeology Special Issue 20:3, 283-303, DOI: 10.1179/1749631414Y.0000000025

Fournié, G., Pfeiffer, D.U. & Bendrey, R. 2017. Early animal farming and zoonotic disease dynamics: modelling brucellosis transmission in Neolithic goat populations. Royal Society Open Science 4, 160943, DOI: 10.1098/rsos.160943

Godleman, J., Almond, M.J. & Matthews, W. 2016. An infrared microspectroscopic study of plasters and pigments from the Neolithic site of Bestansur, Iraq. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 7, 195-204, DOI:10.1016/j.jasrep.2016.04.013

Iversen, I. 2015. The molluscs of Bestansur, Iraqi Kurdistan: A case study of Early Holocene Helix salomonica exploitation in the Zagros. Environmental archaeologies of Neolithisation: Old World case studies. Environmental Archaeology Special Issue 20:3, 239-250, DOI: 10.1179/1749631415Y.0000000023

Matthews, W. 2016. Humans and fire: changing relations in early agricultural and built environments in the Zagros, Iran, Iraq. The Anthropocene Review, 1-33. DOI: 10.1177/2053019616636134

Matthews, R., Mohammadifar, Y., Matthews, W. & Motarjem, A. 2010. Investigating the Early Neolithic of Western Iran: the Central Zagros Archaeological Project (CZAP). Antiquity, 

Matthews, R., Matthews, W. & Mohammadifar, Y. (eds). 2013. The Earliest Neolithic of Iran: 2008 Excavations at Sheikh-E Abad and Jani. CZAP Reports Vol. 1. Oxford: Oxbow Books and British Institute for Persian Studies.

Matthews, R. & Fazeli, H. (eds). 2013. The Neolithisation of Iran. Oxbow Books and BANEA.

Matthews, R., Matthews, W.Raheem, K.R. and Aziz, K.R. 2016. Current Investigations into the Early Neolithic of the Zagros Foothills of Iraqi Kurdistan. In K. Kopanias and J. MacGinnis (eds). The Archaeology of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq and Adjacent Regions. Oxford: Archaeopress, 219-28. Available here.

Matthews, R., Richardson, A. & Maeda, O. 2018. Behind all those Stones: Activity and Society in the Pre-Pottery Neolithic of the Eastern Fertile Crescent. Proceedings of the 11th International Congress on the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East, University of Vienna. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

Matthews, R., Matthews, W., Richardson, A., Raheem, K. R., Walsh, S., Aziz, K. R., Bendrey, R., Whitlam, J., Charles, M., Bogaard, A., Iversen, I., Mudd, D. and Elliott, S. 2019. The early Neolithic of Iraqi Kurdistan: current research at Bestansur, Shahrizor Plain. Paleorient 45.2: 13-32.

Matthews, R., Matthews, W., Rasheed Raheem, K. & Richardson, A. (eds). 2020. The Early Neolithic of the Eastern Fertile Crescent: Excavations at Bestansur and Shimshara, Iraqi Kurdistan. CZAP Reports Vol. 2. Oxford: Oxbow Books. Available here.

Matthews, R., Matthews, W., Rasheed Raheem, K., Mohammadifar, Y., Raouf Aziz, K., Motarjem, A., Bendrey, R., Richardson, A., Elliott, S., Whitlam, J., Iversen, I., Charles, M., Bogaard, A., Mudd, D. and Walsh, S. 2020. Long-term human-environment interactions in the Neolithic of the Central Zagros of Iran and Iraq, 10,000-6000 BC. In J. Eidem (ed.) Zagros. Proceedings of a Workshop Held in Leiden, December 2014. PIHANS 130. Leiden, NINO: 5-18.

Matthews, R. & Fazeli Nashli, H. 2022. The Archaeology of Iran from the Palaeolithic to the Achaemenid Empire, (A. Richardson ills ed.). London: Routledge. DOI:10.4324/9781003224129.

Richardson, A. 2014. Early clay technologies: studies in Early Neolithic clay usage from the Central Zagros. In Proceedings of the 8th ICAANE, Vol. 1. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 41-53.

Richardson, A. 2018. Neolithic materials and materiality in the foothills of the Zagros Mountains. In T. Pereira (ed). Raw Materials 2016. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars.

Richardson, A. 2018. Pre‐Pottery Clay Innovation in the Zagros Foothills. Oxford Journal of Archaeology. DOI: 10.1111/ojoa.12155

Walsh, S. 2022. Early evidence of extra-masticatory dental wear in a Neolithic community at Bestansur, Iraqi Kurdistan. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology. DOI: 10.1002/oa.3162

Whitlam, J., Bogaard, A., Matthews, R., Matthews, W., Mohammadifar, Y., Ilkhani, H. and Charles, M. 2018. Pre-agricultural plant management in the uplands of the central Zagros: the archaeobotanical evidence from Sheikh-e Abad. Vegetation History and ArchaeobotanyDOI: 10.1007/s00334-018-0675-x

CZAP Doctoral Theses

  • Elliott, S. 2016. Investigating early animal management in the Zagros mountains of Iran and Iraq: integrating field and laboratory methods for the identification and analysis of ancient faecal material. University of Reading.
  • Iversen, I. 2016. Living in an Early Neolithic community: investigation of the social structure of settlement by microartefactual analysis of spatial organisation of activities at Bestansur, Central Zagros and Boncuklu, Central Anatolia. University of Reading.
  • Mudd, D. 2017. Ground Stone Assemblage from Bestansur, Iraqi Kurdistan: Economic and Social Implications. University of Reading.
  • Whitlam, J.T. 2015. Plant use and neolithic societies of the eastern Fertile Crescent c. 10,000 – 5500 BC. University of Reading.