Abstract ID: 111
Two Types of Mid-High-Latitude Low-Frequency Intraseasonal Oscillations near the Ural Mountains during Boreal Summer
Lead Author: Tao Zhu
Key Laboratory of Environmental Change and Natural Disaster/Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, China
Keywords: low-frequency intraseasonal oscillations, mid-high latitudes
Abstract: Two types of mid-high-latitude low-frequency intraseasonal oscillations (LF-ISOs), featuring eastward and westward propagation, have been identified over the Eurasian continent in the past 37 summers (1982–2018). The eastward and westward propagating modes commonly have a dominant periodicity of 30–50 days near the UralMountains (UM) but have different origins and evolutions. The eastward propagating LF-ISO initiates over eastern North America, migrates northeastward across northeastern North America–western North Atlantic, central North Atlantic, western Europe, and the UM, then propagates southeastward to northwestern and eastern China, which is the Atlantic-Eurasian continental mode. In contrast, the westward propagating mode is quasicircumpolar, initiating over the East Siberian Sea and moving southwestward across the UM and northern Europe and eventually reaching Greenland and the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. These two mid-high-latitude LF-ISOs are accompanied by significant tropical intraseasonal variations with evident tropical–extratropical interactions. Meanwhile, these two LF-ISOs have different decadal preferences before and after 2000, which are ascribed to the decadal change of both intraseasonal efficient kinetic energy obtained from the mean flow over their genesis region and their background flow associated with the North Atlantic Oscillation/Arctic Oscillation decadal change. This study deepens the understanding of subseasonal variations for mid-high latitudes and subseasonal prediction sources for low-latitude regions.
Jing Yang, Key Laboratory of Environmental Change and Natural Disaster/Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China