Abstract ID: 130
Intraseasonal Melting of Northern Barents Sea Ice Forced by Circumpolar Clockwise-Propagating Atmospheric Waves during Early Summer
Lead Author: Jing Yang
Key Laboratory of Environmental Change and Natural Disaster/Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, China
Keywords: Intraseasonal variability, Arctic sea ice
Abstract: Arctic sea ice intraseasonal variation (ISV) is crucial for understanding and predicting atmospheric subseasonal variations over the middle and high latitudes but unclear. Sea ice concentration (SIC) over the northern Barents Sea (NBS) features large ISV during the melting season (April–July). Based on the observed SIC, this study finds that the NBS SIC ISV in the melting season is dominated by 30–60-day periodicity. The composite analysis, using 34 significant 30–60-day sea ice melting events during 1989–2017, demonstrates that 30–60-day circumpolar clockwise-propagating atmospheric waves (CCPW) are concurrent with the NBS SIC ISV, which features zonal wavenumber 1 along 658N and a typical quasi-barotropic structure. Further analysis finds that the 30–60-day surface air temperature (SAT) evidently leads the SIC variations by nearly 6 days over the NBS, which is primarily caused by low-level meridional thermal advection linked with the 30–60-day CCPW. The positive anomalies of the downward sensible heat and longwave radiative fluxes, caused by the increased SAT and atmospheric moisture, play the dominant roles in melting the sea ice on the 30–60-day time scale over the NBS. The increased atmospheric moisture is mainly ascribed to the increased horizontal moisture advection influence by the 30–60-day CCPW. This study strongly suggests that the atmospheric ISV is a crucial precursor for NBS sea ice intraseasonal changes in boreal summer, and more accurate subseasonal predictions of atmospheric circulation, temperature, and moisture are indispensable for improving sea ice subseasonal prediction over the Arctic region.