Potential Supervisors for Scenario Scholarships for BAME Home Candidates

These Scenario supervisors have expressed an interest in working with Scenario BAME Home Scholarship students. Candidates are not expected to have a project proposal agreed with a particular supervisor before applying as project design will take place at the start of the PhD. This list gives an idea of the areas of research that will be supported. Click on the supervisor’s name for a link to their website.

Note that this is not an exhaustive list of Scenario supervisors. If your area of research interest is not covered below, please contact us.

Scenario Science Themes

AE: Applied ecology and biodiversity
BC: Biogeochemical cycles
CC: Climate and climate change on global regional an local scales
EO: Earth observation, remote sensing and near-Earth space
HC: Hydrological cycle and processes
IS: Infrastructure systems and two-way link with the environment
NH: Weather and natural hazards, extreme events and impacts

Click here for more information about Scenario Science Themes.

Supervisor Scenario Host Partner Scenario
Research Interests
John Bloomfield BGS HC, CC I am interested in changes in groundwater resources and temperature and their extremes (particularly droughts) in the context of climate change and other anthropogenic pressures and how these relate spatio-temporally to other aspects of the terrestrial water cycle, such as baseflow, at catchment to continental scales.
Dan Lapworth BGS BC, HC Research interests are focussed on environmental risk, security and the adaptive capacity of groundwater resources. This includes research on impacts of conservation agriculture and artificial recharge schemes on water resources, security of deep aquifers, land-ocean transfer of nutrients, microbiological contamination, sensor applications, contaminants of emerging concern (e.g. plastics and pharmaceuticals).
David Macdonald BGS HC, CC Assessing sustainability of groundwater resources in the UK/developing world under the pressures of changing land use, increased abstraction and climate change, through the development of state-of-the-art observatories and computer models. Assessment of groundwater flood risk, and adaptation/mitigation measures to reduce this risk. Floodplain hydrology processes and implications for dependent ecosystems.
Donald John Macallister BGS (Edinburgh) HC, CC My research lies at the nexus of WASH, groundwater and water security. I am interested in the sustainability, functionality and resilience of rural water supplies in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. I also study how climate change and human activities affect groundwater on a range of spatial and temporal scales.
James Bullock UK CEH AE Rewilding and ecosystem restoration in the UK and abroad; Wildlife corridors and their utility in maintaining connected populations; Sustainable agriculture, through working with innovative farmers; Climate change impacts on biodiversity; Dispersal and landscape-scale connectivity
France Gerard UK CEH EO, CC, AE My work focuses on the development of remotely sensed-derived data to constrain and validate models, support process understanding and monitor vegetation. It includes field radiometry, drone-based and satellite-based remote sensing for characterising vegetation condition, phenology and landscape dynamics. I work with hyper- and multi-spectral data, 3-dimensional point clouds and radar.
Melanie Gibbs UK CEH AE My research uses an integrated approach to gain a mechanistic understanding of how anthropogenic change, and mitigation strategies, impact the evolutionary ecology of insect populations and communities. I work across all levels of organisation ranging from molecular mechanisms to community level effects in managed terrestrial environments (e.g. agricultural, forestry).
Rob Griffiths UK CEH AE The soil microbiome, how it is affected by environmental change (land use/climate) and implications for soil function. Particularly interested in using data driven and experimental approaches to link microbiome biodiversity and soil function from micro to landscape scales.
Lindsay Newbold UK CEH CC, AE I specialise in the application of molecular techniques to investigate responses to environmental change at the molecular level. I have applied these skills to environments including; seabirds, bees, soil and marine microbiomes. I’d be interested in supervising students looking at how microbiomes can influence wild organism ecology.
Ponnambalam Rameshwaran UK CEH NH, HC, EO Research focuses on river hydraulics, hydrological and agro-hydrological modelling, flow behaviour through and around aquatic vegetation, sediment and pollutant transport behaviour, climate change impact, aquatic weed management, river restoration and brackish water irrigation.
David Roy UK CEH AE The plight of insects has generated worldwide attention from scientists and the wider public.  I am interested in supporting PhD projects to addressing our major gaps in knowledge, e.g. novel analysis of existing datasets and design of new monitoring approaches to understanding the magnitude of change and design solutions.
Chris Carbone IOZ BC, AE Main area of research interest is Urban Ecology – We have been running an urban ecology project in London for the past 6 years involving large-scale camera trap surveys and acoustic monitoring of biodiversity in public and private green spaces across London. This work involves a range of activities, including public engagement across a wide range of interest groups in London. We are also looking into possibilities of running parallel projects in other urban centres, for example, Reading.
Guy Cowlishaw IOZ AE (1) Behavioural Ecology (Social Species); (2) Conservation Biology (Social Species); (3) Human-Wildlife Interactions; (4) Namibia Wildlife and People; (5) Primates (Baboons)
Malcolm Nicoll IOZ CC, NH, AE My research focuses on the ecology and demography of threatened species populations and the effectiveness of applied conservation management techniques. Current projects combine monitoring and tracking technology with species-specific long-term datasets to deliver evidence to support species conservation programmes and scientific outputs relevant to conservation biology, movement and population ecology.
Nathalie Pettorelli IOZ AE My research interests primarily cover climate change ecology, the use of remote sensing technology for biodiversity monitoring as well as environmental and wildlife management, and rewilding
Chris Yesson IOZ AE Benthic ecology in deep-sea and coastal environments. Potential projects include:  Image-based benthic monitoring to investigate the impact of trawling on deep-sea habitats in Greenland; Population genetics of UK kelp to provide genotype mapping information to seaweed farming and habitat restoration; Population genetics of tropical corals using novel genomic methods (ultra conserved elements)
Richard Allan University of Reading CC, NH, HC, EO Research interests: changing water cycle; regional changes in clouds and precipitation; Earth’s energy budget and climate; water vapour transport and extreme precipitation; water vapour and climate change; evaluating weather and climate models using Earth observation data
Maarten Ambaum University of Reading NH, CC, HC Use of charge to enhance rainfall in arid regions. Problems in geophysical fluid dynamics and dynamical systems to understand stormtrack variability. Atmospheric thermodynamics.
Nigel Arnell University of Reading CC Research into the impacts of climate change in the UK and globally
Nicolas Bellouin University of Reading BC, HC, CC, EO I am interested in the impact of human-driven changes in the composition of the atmosphere on climate change, and ways to reduce those impacts. Specifically, I am interested in the interactions of atmospheric particulates (aerosols) with radiation, clouds, and vegetation. My recent research is focused on the climate impact of aviation aerosols on clouds. For my research, I use modelling (global climate models, large eddy simulation, radiative transfer calculations) and satellite data analysis.
Jake Bishop University of Reading AE I study how weather impacts crop plants both directly (heat, drought) and indirectly, by modifying crop-environment interactions (pollinators, pests). I supervise students using a range of approaches including analyses of historic weather, farm management and crop yield data, through to exposing model ecosystems to simulated climate change in controlled environments.
Stuart Black University of Reading CC, NH, AE, BC My research interests are centred on using isotopes to understand fundamental questions about the natural world. I have interests in using isotopes to understand past climates, to understand the roles of humans and animals in past on landscapes and developing new techniques and methodologies for analysing materials isotopically.
Vicky Boult University of Reading NH, AE My interests are multidisciplinary, spanning ecology, conservation, extreme weather prediction and decision science. My current work seeks to apply humanitarian approaches and weather forecasts to improve biodiversity conservation in the face of extreme weather and climate change. Most of my work centres around Africa and elephants.
David Brayshaw University of Reading CC, NH, IS Research interests lie in the impact of weather and climate on complex human and environmental systems, with a particular focus is renewable energy systems.  This spans a range of challenges in weather and climate science, from days-ahead forecasting, through seasonal prediction, to climate change.
Andrew Charlton-Perez University of Reading NH, CC Climate dynamics with a focus on the dynamics of the stratosphere; weather and climate prediction on sub-seasonal to seasonal timescales (2 weeks to a season ahead); prevention of climate impacts on ill-health
Hannah Cloke University of Reading NH, CC, HC, EO, IS (1) Forecasting floods, droughts, heatwaves, landslides and other natural hazards; (2) Early warning and evidence based decision-making for disaster risk management; (3) Global earth system modelling and applications of Numerical Weather Prediction; (4) Climate change impact on environmental processes, natural hazards and water resources; (5) Forecast verification and uncertainty analysis; and (6) Science communication.
Bill Collins University of Reading CC BC Interactions between chemistry and climate, particularly the of reactive short-lived climate forcers on climate, and the effects of climate change on the chemical composition of the atmosphere and air quality. Interactions between biosphere and atmospheric composition and chemistry.
Helen Dacre University of Reading NH I am interested in the prediction of extratropical storms and their associated precipitation and wind extremes.  I also carry out research into the dispersion of atmospheric particulates including volcanic ash, radioactive material, soot from wildfires and desert dust.
Danny Feltham University of Reading CC, NH Climate change is driving dramatic loss of the frozen covering of the Arctic Ocean, known as sea ice. My interests are in developing new understanding of, and ability to predict, sea ice. This involves building physical theory, use of observations, idealised and climate numerical modelling.
David Ferreira University of Reading CC, NH I study the dynamics of oceans and how oceans regulate Earth’s climate by interacting with the atmosphere and sea ice. This could be to understand past, present or future climates, and I occasionally think about other planets than Earth. One of my main interests is the dynamics of ocean turbulence and how to represent its effects in climate models used for future projections.
Mike Garratt University of Reading AE My research focusses on supporting sustainable crop production by maximising the contribution of biodiversity through ecosystem services such as pollination and natural pest regulation. I am interested in how farm management and landscape scale approaches can be optimised to promote long term, sustainable, high yielding crop production with reduced negative environmental impacts. My research explores these opportunities in many different cropping systems including diversified smallholder farms as well as large scale intensive production.
Manuela González Suárez University of Reading AE, CC, EO Broad interests in conservation and macroecology, mostly modelling and data analysis but also field-based research. Spatial and taxonomic patterns of biodiversity loss at global and regional scales (who and where is at risk). Functional trait diversity and its loss. Human impacts on wildlife including climate change. Road ecology (how roads and traffic affect wildlife).
Ricardo Grau-Crespo University of Reading CC I use atomic-level computer modelling techniques to investigate minerals and materials. I am interested in computational geochemistry, where I use molecular models, running in supercomputers, to understand mineral structures and processes that could be of interest as geochemical records (of past climate, volcanic eruptions, etc).
Sue Gray University of Reading NH My expertise is in physical processes in weather systems, particularly in the mid-latitudes and polar regions, from organised deep cloud structures to the intense winter storms that impact the UK. Recent work is focused on the uncertainty in weather forecasts across spatial scales and the importance of cloud processes.
Sofia Gripenberg University of Reading CC, AE, BC My interests cover multiple areas in ecology, including insect ecology, forest ecology, and community ecology. I am particularly interested in the interactions between species in ecological communities. Currently, my main strand of research investigates the role of plant enemies (insects, pathogens) in maintaining plant species diversity in tropical forests.
Soon Gweon University of Reading AE Our research focuses on understanding the abundance, diversity, activity and interactions of animals, plants, bacteria and fungi in a wide range of ecosystems from freshwater to built-environment using cutting-edge molecular, modern sequencing technology and bioinformatics (computational) techniques.
Keith Haines University of Reading CC, HC, BC, EO I have interests in the ocean’s role in climate, reconstructing ocean circulation over 20th century, assimilation of observations into models for climate analysis and for initialisation of longer-range forecasts with Ocean-Atmosphere coupled models or full Earth System models such as UKESM. I am also working on the Earth’s Energy and Water cycle budgets using Satellite remote sensing data and their long term change. A regional project using any of these techniques would be of interest to me.
Julie Hawkins University of Reading AE I use methods from evolutionary biology to understand the interrelationship between people and plants. I apply plant and language phylogenies to the study of cross-cultural plant use, making these findings relevant to the management of biological resources. Keywords describing my research are: ethnobotany, traditional knowledge, taxonomy, herbaria, and medicinal plants.
Kevin Hodges University of Reading NH, CC I have interests in all types of weather systems, including tropical and extra-tropical cyclones, their dynamics and statistics, in climate and numerical weather prediction
Chris Holloway University of Reading CC, NH, HC, EO (1) Interactions between convection and the large-scale environment; (2) Tropical weather and climate (including the MJO, tropical cyclones, organised convection and convective clustering); (3) The representation of convection and convective organisation in numerical weather and climate models; (4) Interactions between convective clouds and climate change
Louise Johnson University of Reading AE I have broad interests in evolutionary and population genetics, including genome evolution, experimental microbial evolution, and the evolution of genetic systems. A project with me could include theory, bioinformatics, and/or experimental work on microbes or cancer cells.
Bryan Lawrence University of Reading CC, NH, HC Next generation modelling, from hydrological models to full earth system models. Improving our use of cloud computing and supercomputing to deliver environmental science at scale. High resolution climate models and digital twins. Exploiting large ensembles to understand high impact weather and future climate.  Using artificial intelligence and machine learning techniques to analyse and emulate models.
Martin Lukac University of Reading CC, AE I am interested in the role of trees and woodlands in maintaining stable climate. More specifically, I research how trees can be returned to the UK agricultural landscape while preserving its character and the capacity to produce food.
Oscar Martínez-Alvarado University of Reading NH, CC, HC I am interested in several aspects of mid-latitude dynamical meteorology, including diabatic processes determining the evolution of mid-latitude systems (e.g., extratropical cyclones and blocking) and their predictability. I am also interested in high-impact weather events such as strong winds and heavy precipitation both at mid-latitudes and in the tropics.
Frank Mayle University of Reading CC, AE There is scope for PhD projects in the following broad areas in tropical South America, over historic centennial to multi-millennial time frames: indigenous land-use systems; response of tropical forests to drought; role of humans and climate in shaping biodiversity.  Key techniques are empirical palaeodata (e.g. pollen, charcoal analysis), but modelling approaches are welcome too.
John Methven University of Reading NH, CC The dynamics of weather systems with emphasis on the role of cyclones, large-scale waves on jet streams and their interaction. This includes the fundamental processes that explain the evolution of storms and limit the predictability of weather. Active in research related to the mid-latitudes, tropics and Arctic. The research approach brings together development of new theory, together with the use of observations and numerical modelling to test those theories.
Matt Owens University of Reading NH I’m interested in how the Sun controls the near-Earth space environment, affecting ground- and space-based technologies such as satellites and the power grid. My group works on building numerical models and data assimilation methods for forecasting this “space weather.”
Varun Oja University of Reading CC, NH, HC, AE Dr Ojha’s research interests are in Artificial Intelligence and Neural Networks application to Interdisciplinary research problems. In one of his research, he used Deep Convolutional Neural Networks and Transfer Learning Approaches to predict flood events. His expertise is in processing spatial and temporal data eg images, and time series.
Yuan Pan University of Reading AE I am an interdisciplinary conservation scientist working on natural capital assessments, using ecological, economics, and social science approaches. I am interested in valuing the non-material and intangible benefits of nature for human well-being, moving beyond economic valuations for natural capital.
Bob Plant University of Reading CC, NH, HC My research centres on physics-dynamics interactions in numerical simulations: i.e., physical parameterizations and their influences on dynamics. I am especially interested in convection, ranging from process studies to developing new parameterizations, to its role in larger scale systems. Other interests include boundary layer turbulence, the use of ensembles and predictability.
Tristan Quaife University of Reading CC, BC, EO I study the interaction between forests and climate change, with a focus on the carbon cycle. I use satellite data and models to investigate the underlying processes and have particular interests in how forests will change with climate, and how we can use them to remove carbon from the atmosphere.
Jon Robson University of Reading CC, NH Understanding and predicting regional climate variability on decadal timescales. Particularly in understanding North Atlantic Ocean circulation variability and what drives it (natural processes or human emissions), in how changes in the ocean affects the wider climate, and in the evaluation and use of decadal climate predictions.
Shovonlal Roy University of Reading EO, BC, AE I am an ecosystem modeller, specialising in satellite remote sensing applications to ecosystems. My research interests include: Dynamical systems and ecological modelling; satellite remote sensing for marine ecosystems; biogeochemical modelling and remote sensing of ocean carbon and bio-diversity; data assimilation in ecosystem models; satellite applications to fish dynamics, and fisheries.
Claire Ryder University of Reading CC, NH, HC, BC, EO, IS Any aspects of mineral dust in the Earth’s atmosphere. Aircraft measurements, NWP/climate modelling, satellite retrievals, ground-based measurements of dust. Super coarse dust, transport mechanisms, high resolution meteorological features (e.g. haboobs) and interactions with dust emission and transport, radiative effects, impact on aircraft engines & solar energy.
Reinhard Schiemann University of Reading CC, NH, HC I am interested in meteorological extremes, such as from cyclonic storms and atmospheric blocking. Examples include our work on post-tropical cyclones affecting Europe (Sainsbury et al. 2020) and Tibetan Plateau Vortices affecting China (Curio et al. 2018, see webpage above for publications). I would be interested in “co-designing” and supervising projects that broadly align with these interests, and also have an existing project proposal for further research on Tibetan Plateau Vortices.
Chris Scott University of Reading CC, NH, EO (1) Response of the Earth’s ionosphere to climate change  (the ionosphere is the electrified part of the upper atmosphere); (2) Impact of thermospheric chemistry on the Earth’s ionosphere; (3) Causes of ionospheric variability; (4) Space Weather – Sun and solar wind’s effect on Earth’s space environment; (5) Archaeological signatures of lightning; and (6) Lightning impacts on the ionosphere
Liz Shaw University of Reading BC, AE Soil microbiology and biogeochemistry – understanding and managing soil and rhizosphere microbial communities for environmental sustainability; Role of soil microorganisms in the cycling of carbon, nitrogen and organic pollutants.
Ted Shepherd University of Reading CC, NH, HC, AE My current research focuses on the understanding and representation of uncertainty in regional aspects of climate change, including extreme events. I am particularly interested in ‘storyline’ or narrative approaches which can bring meaning to climate information, and allow it to be embedded within local-decision making contexts, thereby empowering local communities.
Joy Singarayer University of Reading CC, HC Understanding how human-environmental coupled processes at the land surface interact with climate change in the past and future; particular interests in South America and Southern Africa; Impacts of climate change on land cover and agriculture, and on rural farming community resilience.
Tom Sizmur University of Reading BC The interests of our research group are concerned with the sustainable management of soils, including research is to identify or develop strategies whereby the maximum possible benefits are obtained by the judicious application of situation appropriate soil amendments to improve soil fertility and soil carbon storage.
Thorwald Stein University of Reading NH, EO, HC (1) The life cycles of clouds and convective storms including thunderstorms; (2) Microphysical and dynamical processes leading to from rainfall; (3)
Remote sensing (i.e. measuring) the water cycle from satellite and ground-based observations (water vapour, clouds, and precipitation) including weather radars.
Liz Stephens University of Reading NH, HC (1) Early warning systems and impact-based forecasting for hydrometeorological hazards; (2) Decision-making from forecasts, especially in humanitarian contexts; (3) Usability and understanding of probabilistic forecasts, decision-making under uncertainty; (4) Development and evaluation of the Global Flood Awareness System (GloFAS); and (5) Ensemble hydrometeorological forecasting and forecast evaluation
Remi Tailleux University of Reading CC, NH, HC Energetics and thermodynamics of climate system, tropical cyclone intensification, mixing in the ocean, formation and evolution of ocean water masses, representing moisture in models, ocean heat uptake, theories of the ocean and atmospheric circulations, wave/mean flow interactions.
Andrew Turner University of Reading CC, NH Tropical meteorology and climate variability, particularly in the Indian monsoon, East Asian monsoon and West African monsoon.  I’m interested to understand why monsoons have changed in the past and how they will change in the future, including their effects on climate hazards, as well as the underlying processes driving them.
Anne Verhoef University of Reading CC, NH, HC, AE, BC, EO environmental physics, soil physics, micrometeorology, soil-vegetation-atmosphere transfer modelling (including coupling to remote sensing information), soil water (and heat) balance and hydrological extremes (droughts, floods, heat waves), the carbon cycle and its interaction with the land water-and energy balance, applications related to soil physical aspects, e.g. energy from ground source heat pumps, agricultural/horticultural applications, microclimate and biodiversity
Hilary Weller University of Reading CC, NH I work on the representation of atmospheric convection in weather and climate models. Convection leads to clouds and precipitation and drives the global circulation but is not represented well in climate models. My research focuses on improving this representation without increasing  resolution since increases in resolution require bigger computers which contribute to climate change.
Chris Westbrook University of Reading NH, EO, CC I’m interested in the physics of clouds – how water droplets and ice crystals form, how they evolve within clouds, and how they develop into precipitating snowflakes and raindrops. I study this using a variety of tools, including remote-sensing techniques, aircraft observations, experimental work in the laboratory, and theoretical process-level modelling. I could supervise a PhD in these areas.
Paul Williams University of Reading CC, NH I am interested in atmospheric turbulence and jet streams, how they are being modified by climate change, and the impacts for the aviation sector.  Possible project areas include improving turbulence forecasting algorithms and investigating the response of turbulence to climate change and climate variability.
Steve Woolnough University of Reading NH My research focuses on the variability of the tropical climate on timescales of weeks to months (sub-seasonal to seasonal) and forecasting on these timescales. In particular, understanding mechanisms of modes variability on these timescales; their impact on local weather; and the skill operational sub-seasonal and seasonal forecasting systems.
Hong Yang University of Reading CC, BC, EO Hong Yang is a Professor in Environmental Science. His research expertise includes carbon cycle, air pollution, the applications of the Geographical Information System (GIS) and Remote Sensing (RS), environmental big data, deep learning models in atmospheric research and environmental science.
Maya Al Sid Cheik University of Surrey CC, NH, BC I am analytical chemist and my research centres on understanding the fate and behaviour of contaminants of emerging concerns (CECs), including plastic pollution, in environmental interface compartment such as chemistry/biology, freshwater/seawater (coastal), and wetlands. To answer my questions, I draw on tools from radiolabelling, analytical and synthesis chemistry.
David Birch University of Surrey IS
Tom Bond University of Surrey CC, HC, IS My research has the ultimate goal of engineering solutions to the impacts of hazardous pollutants, through investigating the underlying chemical pathways which define their fate in aquatic systems. Particular areas of interest are the environmental fate and processing of plastic litter, microplastics, drinking water treatment, wastewater treatment.
Matteo Carpentieri University of Surrey NH, IS Urban meteorology, building aerodynamics, pollution dispersion, experimental fluid mechanics, wind power
Mónica Felipe-Sotelo University of Surrey BC Atomic spectroscopy, inductively couple plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS), laser ablation (LA-ICP-MS). Chemometrics: multivariate statistic , experimental design. Microplastics and nanoparticles: accumulation of secondary pollutants, effect, distribution. Environmental monitoring of metal/metalloid pollution. Retardation and distribution of radionuclides in geological media.
Bing Guo University of Surrey CC, BC Our research focuses on microorganisms and the environment, understanding how microorganisms adapt/evolve facing pollutants and climate change, and how to use them to restore clean water and healthy environment.Research interests include: Combating Antimicrobial resistance bacteria and genes; Bioremediation; CO2 utilization; Anammox; Microbial ecology theories; Meta-omics and bioinformatics.
Boulent Imam University of Surrey CC, NH, IS Climate change effects on infrastructure, hydraulic effects on bridge structures, bridge scour, flood risk
Joseph Keddie University of Surrey HC, BC My research areas include the use of bacteria and biofilms (both natural and synthetic) to address environmental remediation. I have particular interests in bacteria for nitrification and denitrification of wastewater and wetlands and also for carbon capture and the reduction of VOC emissions.
Belén Marti-Cardona University of Surrey CC, EO, HC Application of remote sensing data to hydrological and environmental problems, with a particular interest in nature-based solutions (e.g.  for catchment-scale water management, farming practices to reduce GHG emissions).  PhD’s can focus on data analysis angle (e.g. artificial intelligence, computer vision) applied to satellite data. They can also focus on the use of hydrological/environmental models/digital twins to be fed with satellite data.
Marco Placidi University of Surrey IS, NH Dr Placidi’s main research interests lie in urban and environmental flows, the fundamental physics of turbulent wall-bounded flows, and more recently, the interaction of atmospheric turbulence on wind power aerodynamics. Alongside the research on environmental flows, he works on flow instability and laminar/turbulent transition.
Juan Sagaseta University of Surrey NH, HC, IS My research is around structural robustness and progressive collapse of buildings, bridges and other structures subjected to natural hazards such as high precipitation events, extreme wind or fire. I am also interested on how weather can influence hydrological processes affecting the ground conditions and foundations of these structures.
Robert Siddall University of Surrey CC, AE I am a roboticist working at the interface of engineering and biology, who is interested in developing and field testing autonomous robots which can access challenging terrain to collect environmental data. I have previously developed aquatic aircraft for water sampling, tree climbing robots for forestry and drones for agriculture.