Excavations 2019: The Silchester baths

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We’re making plans for our summer 2019 return to the Calleva bathhouse. We’ll be reopening and expanding two of our 2018 trenches as well as starting a brand new area inside and to the west of the structure. Dates for the excavation will be Mon 17th June to Sat 13th July. You can follow all the updates and news at it happens through out Facebook, Twitter and Instagram pages.

First dug by Edwardian archaeologists in 1903-04, the bath house is located near a natural spring in the southeast of the town and is thought to be one of the earliest post-conquest masonry buildings in Calleva. Built askew to the later city street grid, the baths lie at the edge of the town’s early inner earthwork – using the spring as a source of water and the large defensive ditch for drainage. Trench 1 aimed to uncover much of the northern end of the building – the peristyle, associated colonnade and latrine – to see how it developed over time with the installation of the street.

Location of the baths

To the south, trenches 2 and 3 looked to reveal the relationship of the bath’s eastern wall to the ditch and nearby brook with this area providing one of the few unexcavated spaces within the Roman town. Trench 3 also focussed on one of the rooms on the eastern side of the building; thought to be the a tepidarium heated by an underfloor hypocaust system. The Edwardian excavation of the bathhouse also yielded one of Silchester’s first Nero tiles so we’ll be looking in post-ex for further evidence of the infamous first-century emperor’s influence in the town.

The 1905 plan
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Visit our blog for more information about the trenches and what to expect in a Roman bath

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